Chapter 17. Urinary System. Medical Terminology to Know. Calyc - small cup, cuplike divisions of the renal pelvis. Cort - covering, renal cortex; shell of tissues surrounding the inner kidney Detrus - to force away detrusor muscle; muscle within the bladder wall that expels urine.
Calyc- small cup, cuplike divisions of the renal pelvis.
Cort- covering, renal cortex; shell of tissues surrounding the inner kidney
Detrus- to force away detrusor muscle; muscle within the bladder wall that expels urine.
Glom- little ball, glomerulus; cluster of capillaries within a renal corpuscle.
Mict- to pass urine, micturition; process of expelling urine from the bladder.
Nephr- pertaining to the kidney, nephron; functional unit of a kidney.
Papill- nipple, renal papillae; small elevations that project into a renal calyx.
Trigon- triangular shape, trigone; triangular area on the internal floor of the urinary bladder.
The proximal convoluted tubule dips toward the renal pelvis, becoming the descending limb of the nephron loop (theLoopofHenle).
Many distal convoluted tubules from several nephrons merge in the renal cortex to form a collecting duct.
The efferent arteriole branches into a complex, freely interconnecting network of capillaries, called the peritubularcapillary, surrounds the renal tubule.
Close by, the walls of the arterioles near their attachemnts to the glomerulus, are some enlarged smooth muscle cells called juxtaglomerularcells.
Amount filtered at the glomerulus
- Amount reabsorbed by the tubule
+ Amount secreted by the tubule
= Amount excreted in the urine
Renin reacts with the plasma protein angiotensinogen to form angiotensin I.
Then angiotensin I converts to angiotensin II.
Angiotensin II carries out a number of actions that help maintain sodium balance, water balance, and blood pressure.
A II vasoconstricts the efferent arterioles, which causes blood to back up into the glomerulus; maximize secretion when low blood pressure.
Angiotensin II stimulates secretion of adrenal hormone aldosterone, which stimulates tubular reabsorption of sodium.
Hydrogen ions are also actively secreted throughout the entire renal tubule.
Because positively charged potassium ions and hydrogen ions are attracted to negatively charged regions, these ions move passively through the tubular epithelium and enter the tubular fluid.
kidney makes to maintain
a constant internal
distal tubule to reabsorb
sodium and secrete potassium.
Then the distal segment and collecting duct become less permeable to water, less water is reabsorbed, and urine is more dilute. (when ADH decreases in the blood)
Internal floor of the bladder includes a triangular area called the trigone: opening at each of its three angles.
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