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Chapter 17 Menu Nature of Motor Vehicle Theft Legal Aspects of Motor Vehicle Theft Investigating Motor Vehicle Theft Scenario- One Less Car Motor Motor Vehicle Motor Vehicle Theft Nature of Motor Vehicle Theft A separate crime in the FBI’s index offenses

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slide3

Menu

Nature of Motor Vehicle Theft

Legal Aspects of Motor Vehicle Theft

Investigating Motor Vehicle Theft

Scenario- One Less Car

slide5

Motor

Vehicle

slide6

Motor

Vehicle

Theft

slide7

Nature of Motor Vehicle Theft

  • A separate crime in the FBI’s index offenses
slide8

Nature of Motor Vehicle Theft

Includes theft of many different types of vehicles

  • Automobiles

Q: 21

slide9

Nature of Motor Vehicle Theft

Includes theft of many different types of vehicles

  • Automobiles
  • Trucks
slide10

Nature of Motor Vehicle Theft

Includes theft of many different types of vehicles

  • Automobiles
  • Trucks
  • Buses
slide11

Nature of Motor Vehicle Theft

Includes theft of many different types of vehicles

  • Automobiles
  • Trucks
  • Buses

Q: 1

slide12

Nature of Motor Vehicle Theft

Many different types of vehicles

  • Motorcycles
  • Construction
  • Farm Equipment
  • Boats

Q: 2

slide13

Motor Vehicle Theft

Theft or attempted theft of any of a variety of motorized vehicles

slide14

Motor Vehicle Theft

Theft or attempted theft of any of a variety of motorized vehicles

Graphic

slide15

Types of Motor Vehicle Theft

Categorized by Thief's Motive

Use in another crime

Transportation

Q: 23

slide16

Types of Motor Vehicle Theft

Categorized by Thief's Motive

Joyriding

Use in another crime

Transportation

slide17

Types of Motor Vehicle Theft

Categorized by Thief's Motive

Joyriding

Stripping

Use in another crime

Transportation

slide18

Types of Motor Vehicle Theft

Categorized by Thief's Motive

Joyriding

Stripping

Resale

Use in another crime

Transportation

slide19

Types of Motor Vehicle Theft

Categorized by Thief's Motive

Joyriding

Stripping

Resale

Use in another crime

Chopping

Transportation

slide20

Types of Motor Vehicle Theft

Categorized by Thief's Motive

Joyriding

Stripping

Resale

Use in another crime

Chopping

Transportation

Fraud

slide21

Joyriding

Temporarily taking a motor vehicle without the intent of permanently depriving the owner of the vehicle

Q: 3

slide22

Joyriding

Usually undertaken by juveniles

Q: 4

slide23

Joyriding

Usually motivated by objective of getting from one point to another, not aimlessly driving around

Q: 5, 28

slide24

Use in Another Crime

Steal vehicles to be used in a bank robbery, an armored car theft, a supermarket

Q: 6, 7, 24

slide25

Fraud

  • Fraudulent theft by owner(s) of the vehicle, or someone hired by owner
  • Result: Insurance Fraud
slide26

Fraud

  • Fraudulent theft by owner(s) of the vehicle, or someone hired by owner
  • Result: Insurance Fraud

Q: 8, 22, 25

slide27

Salvage Switch

Switching of vehicle I.D. numbers from wrecked vehicles to stolen cars of the same make and model

Q: 26

slide28

Stripping

Illegally removing parts and accessories from motor vehicles to use or sell them

slide29

Stripping

Illegally removing parts and accessories from motor vehicles to use or sell them

slide30

Chopping

Dismantling stolen motor vehicles into parts and accessories for use or sale

slide31

Chopping

Dismantling stolen motor vehicles into parts and accessories for use or sale

slide32

Chop Shop

A place for chopping, or dismantling, stolen vehicles into parts or accessories

slide33

Chop Shop

A place for chopping, or dismantling, stolen vehicles into parts or accessories

slide34

Chop Shop

A place for chopping, or dismantling, stolen vehicles into parts or accessories

slide35

Chop Shop

A place for chopping, or dismantling, stolen vehicles into parts or accessories

Q: 9

slide36

Resale

Motivation for professional car thieves

slide37

Resale

Motivation for professional car thieves

slide38

Resale

Motivation for professional car thieves

Q: 27

slide39

Resale

  • Theft of a particular vehicle on request of customer
  • Theft of only a certain type of vehicle

Q: 30

slide40

Resale

  • Few vehicles stolen by resale thieves are ever recovered
  • U.S. made vehicles exported for sale to other countries

Q: 29

slide42

Menu

Nature of Motor Vehicle Theft

Legal Aspects of Motor Vehicle Theft

Investigating Motor Vehicle Theft

Scenario- One Less Car

slide44

Legal Aspects of Motor Vehicle Theft

Prosecution varies among the states

slide45

Legal Aspects of Motor Vehicle Theft

In some states - Grand Theft Auto

slide46

Legal Aspects of Motor Vehicle Theft

In some states - Unauthorized use of a motor vehicle

slide47

Legal Aspects of Motor Vehicle Theft

Many states have legislated laws that require stiff penalties for motor related crime

slide48

Investigating Motor Vehicle Thefts

  • Respond to the complaint
  • Obtain all pertinent information

Q: 11

slide49

Investigating Motor Vehicle Thefts

  • Write a formal report of the theft
  • Verify all information about the theft

Q: 10

slide50

Identifying A Stolen Vehicle

To insure that a vehicle that has been recovered is the stolen vehicle...

slide51

Identifying A Stolen Vehicle

Rely on identification numbers affixed to or inscribed on various parts of the vehicle

Q: 13, 32

slide52

Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)

  • Nonduplicated serial number
  • Assigned by a motor vehicle manufacturer to each vehicle made

Q: 12, 14, 31

slide53

Recognizing a Stolen Vehicle

Obvious or visible clues that a vehicle is stolen include:

Q: 15

slide54

Recognizing a Stolen Vehicle

  • New license plates on old vehicles, and vice versa
  • Mismatched plates (different front and back)
slide55

Recognizing a Stolen Vehicle

  • Commercial plates on passenger cars, or vice versa
  • Misaligned numerals or letters on plates
slide56

Recognizing a Stolen Vehicle

  • Broken or missing glass on windows
  • Punched out locks
slide57

Recognizing a Stolen Vehicle

  • Vehicle left parked for long periods of time with engine running
slide58

Recognizing a Stolen Vehicle

  • Vehicle left abandoned in parking lots or on the street for several days
slide59

Slim Jim

A tool - a sturdy length of metal used by auto and truck thieves to unlock doors.

slide60

Examining Stolen Vehicles for Evidence

Crime scene, in carthefts, is the immediate area where the vehicle is found

slide61

Examining Stolen Vehicles for Evidence

Immediate area should be searched for:

  • Possible clues to identity of suspects
slide62

Examining Stolen Vehicles for Evidence

Immediate area should be searched for:

  • Any physical evidence
slide63

Searching Stolen Vehicles

Search the vehicle for:

Latent fingerprints

Trace evidence

Q: 16, 17

slide64

Disposing of Recovered Vehicles

Notify the registered owner of the recovery

slide65

Disposing of Recovered Vehicles

Tell owner where vehicle was recovered and in what condition it was found

slide66

Disposing of Recovered Vehicles

If vehicle is drivable and is being stored, or if needed as evidence in a crime, inform owner of circumstances

slide68

Menu

Nature of Motor Vehicle Theft

Legal Aspects of Motor Vehicle Theft

Investigating Motor Vehicle Theft

Scenario- One Less Car

slide69

Investigating Other Motor Vehicle Thefts

Motorcycle Theft

Very popular in last 10 to15 years

slide70

Investigating Other Motor Vehicle Thefts

Motorcycle Theft

Very popular in last 10 to15 years

slide71

Investigating Other Motor Vehicle Thefts

Motorcycle Theft

Very popular in last 10 to15 years

Q: 19

slide72

Investigating Other Motor Vehicle Thefts

Motorcycle Theft

  • Easily stolen and dismantled

Q: 18

slide73

Investigating Other Motor Vehicle Thefts

Motorcycle Theft

  • Easy to lift into a van or truck
slide74

Investigating Other Motor Vehicle Thefts

Motorcycle Theft

  • VIN plates easy to overcome

Q: 20

slide75

Preventing Motor Vehicle Theft

2

Factors to be considered when addressing vehicle theft

slide76

Preventing Motor Vehicle Theft

2

Factors

  • Desire on the part of the thief
slide77

Preventing Motor Vehicle Theft

2

Factors

  • Opportunity, usually provided by carelessness on the part of the owner
slide79

Menu

Nature of Motor Vehicle Theft

Legal Aspects of Motor Vehicle Theft

Investigating Motor Vehicle Theft

Scenario- One Less Car

slide81

One Less Car

Phil’s vehicle, an old pickup truck with no alarm system, was often left parked unattended outside his house

slide82

One Less Car

One morning, Phil awoke to find his vehicle missing

  • No sign of forced entry
  • Neighbors heard nothing unusual
slide83

One Less Car

You are the responding officer at the local police

What steps will you take to investigate the theft?

slide84

One Less Car

You are the responding officer at the local police

How will you recognize the stolen vehicle?

slide85

One Less Car

You are the responding officer at the local police

How can you make a positive identification of the vehicle?

slide86

One Less Car

You are the responding officer at the local police

How will you examine the recovered vehicle?

slide87

One Less Car

You are the responding officer at the local police

How will you dispose of the vehicle?