Overview This final chapter familiarizes the students of introductory course in humanities the basic elements of art appreciation. A course in humanities does not end in the enumeration of the languages, principles, and elements of the different forms of art. Rather, its completion is made possible by having a basic knowledge of the components of the so-called DBAE or “Discipline Based Art Education.”
Learning Objectives • After completing your study of this chapter, you should be able to: • Understand the concept of DBAE; • Identify the components of DBAE; and • Appreciate the role of DBAE in appreciating an art.
The Concept of DBAE Discipline Based Art Education (DBAE) – is a holistic approach in studying an art for the purpose of appreciating the same. It has four major components; Art Production, Art History, Art Criticism, and Aesthetics or Art Appreciation through aesthetic scanning. There are many facets of Art Production that may be explored, studied, and experienced by students, including:
The Concept of DBAE 1. Becoming familiar with a wide range of art materials, tools, equipment, and techniques; 2. Learning about traditions of craftsmanship, such as respect for materials, attitudes held by artists about their work; 3. Developing the personal qualities required for successful artistry, such as persistence, patience, and self-criticism; 4. Learning to express ideas and feelings in visual form;
The Concept of DBAE 5. Understanding artist’s motivations, learning about their lives and their contributions to society. 6. Appreciating the various contributions to an artist’s work made by his or her artistic training and experience. This includes the cultural histories from which artists draw inspiration and ideas.
What are the steps involved in fashioning a given material and applying techniques to produce an artistic composition? • What might have been the sources of the artist’s visual ideas, and how have these been worked out in the composition? • Is the work well-made, and is the final product consistent with high standards of craftsmanship? • Is the artistic idea a new one? A variation on an old or established idea, or an encore of somebody else’s work? • What changes might one make to strengthen the work?
b. Art Criticism – involves careful observation of works of art, comparing and contrasting works to one another, and consideration of the social and other contexts in which works are produced.
Questions to be ask might include: 1. What is the subject matter in the work? What is it about? 2. What is the specific significance and meaning of the objects, non-objects, or visual effects in the work? 3. Does the work have an overall meaning to which the various components contribute? 4. What do critics say the work means and how is the work regarded overall in the development of the artist and of other artists? 5. What judgments might be made about the artists or the subject matter based upon the work being analyzed?
c. Art History – focuses upon the role of art and artists in the culture and the history of art making. “Art history can have many interesting facets,” including:
Study of the history of art-making and artistic development in terms of traditional stylistic eras and movements; • Analysis of the works of various artists whose works have been recognized and valued by society and preserved for future generations to experience; • Investigation of works of art to determine origin, history, impact upon art and artists, and interpretation of meaning; • Assess and understanding of works of art in the light of broad social, political, and cultural themes that underscore art as an exciting and important form of human activity and accomplishment.
Concepts and procedures that help the art historian place a work in its historical contexts: • Attribution - Something, such as a quality or characteristic, that is related to a particular possessor; an attribute. • Style • Connoisseurship - is actually a technical term that encompasses the range of practices by which one tries to establish the status of a work of art.
4. Iconography - is the branch of art history which studies the identification, description, and the interpretation of the content of images. 5. Provenance - refers to the chronology of the ownership or location of an historical object. 6. Function 7. Restoration 8. Authentication
d. Aesthetics – helps students learn to evaluate the basis upon which to make informed judgment about art. • The study of aesthetics helps answer such questions as: • What is art? • What is meant when one says something is beautiful or ugly? • What is unique about the aesthetic experience? • How do we and other people support or justify our judgments about the value and significance of art?
Aesthetic Scanning – designed to involve the learner in actually seeing what is in an artwork by visually scanning and talking about the four kinds of properties and qualities: • Sensory Properties • Formal Properties • Technical Properties • Expressive Properties