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EOC REVIEW US HISTORY

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  1. EOC REVIEWUS HISTORY

  2. JOHN TRUMBULL, SR 1 Colonial governor who sided with the colonists against the British

  3. JOHN PETER MUHLENBERG 2 • Clergyman who recruited soldiers to fight the British

  4. JOHN HANCOCK 3 • President of the Second Continental Congress; signer of the Declaration of Independence

  5. BENJAMIN RUSH 4 • Father of American Medicine • Signer of the Declaration of Independence • Advocated Education for women

  6. JOHN WITHERSPOON 5 • Signer of the Declaration of Independence. • President of New Jersey College (Princeton)

  7. JOHN JAY 6 • Helped write the Federalist papers • First Chief Justice of the Supreme Court

  8. CHARLES CARROLL 7 • Signer of the Declaration of Independence • One of the wealthiest men in the Colonies • Helped finance the Revolution • Catholic

  9. FREE ENTERPRISE SYSTEM 8 • The American system • People are free to produce and sell whatever they wish • Based on supply and demand

  10. EXPANSION OF RAILROADS 9 • Transcontinental Railroad connected the east to the west • Sped up travel • Opened up markets

  11. TECHNOLOGICAL PROGRESS 10 • Bessemer Process – better cheaper steel • Electricity – powered the industrial age • Sewing machines, typewriter, telephone and oil

  12. ROBBER BARONS 11 • Businessmen who used ruthless tactics to destroy competition and keep workers wages low.

  13. ANDREW CARNEGIE 12 • Robber Baron or Captain of Industry • Gospel of Wealth • Carnegie Steel • Philanthropist

  14. JOHN D ROCKEFELLER 13 • Robber Baron or Captain of Industry • Standard Oil • Philanthropist

  15. PROBLEMS OF WORKERS 14 • Long hours, low wages • Poor /dangerous working conditions • Child labor

  16. RISE OF LABOR UNIONS 15 • Knights of Labor – Terrence Powderly • American Federation of Labor – Samuel Gompers • Government was anti-labor

  17. URBANIZATION 16 • Movement of people from the country to the cities (from rural to urban) • LED TO: • Crowded tenements\ • Pollution • Limited essential public services

  18. POLITICAL CORRUPTION 17 • Political machines were run by POLITICAL BOSSES who helped immigrants by stealing from city governments

  19. IMMIGRATION 18 • Push factors: oppression, poverty, wars, persecution • PULL FACTORS: the American dream of economic opportunity

  20. NEW IMMIGRANTS 19 • Came from Southern and Eastern Europe • Mostly Catholic and Jewish • Less educated • Spoke no English • Led to Americanization – learning the speak, act and behave as Americans

  21. DISCOVERY OF GOLD 20 • California Gold Rush (1849) • Klondike Gold Rush (1896) – in the Yukon near Alaska

  22. HOMESTEAD ACT (1862) 21 * Helped in the settling of the west * Lands given to anyone willing to move west

  23. THE WEST 22 • Ranchers – drove cattle on long drives across the open range • Farmers – soddys and dugouts. Barbed wire, steel plow, mechanical reaper

  24. DAWES ACT (1887) 23 • “Americanize” the Native Americans • Abolished tribes

  25. AMERICAN INDIAN CITIZENSHIP ACT (1924) 24 • US Citizenship to all Native American born in the US

  26. PROBLEMS OF FARMERS 25 • Increased production led to lower prices • Were at the mercy of railroads for shipping • Constantly in debt • Led to the Grange Movement – economic and political reform for farmers

  27. INTERSTATE COMMERCE ACT 26 • First time government intervened in business • Regulated railroad rates

  28. POPULIST PARTY 27 • Third Party representing laborers, farmers and industrial workers • Third parties provide an outlet for minority grievances • Their ideas usually adopted by major parties

  29. POPULIST PLATFORM 28 • William Jennings Bryan for President • Bimetallism (gold and silver) • Cross of Gold speech • Direct election of senators • Graduated income tax

  30. PROGRESSIVE MOVEMENT 29 • Sought to correct political and economic injustices from industrialization • Included the Social Gospel Movement that said Christians should help their fellow man • Included Jane Addams -Leader of the settlement house movement: Hull House • WEB DuBois - African American leader who helped found the NAACP and called for education for African Americans

  31. MUCKRAKERS 30 • Reporters who wrote about the ills of American society • Upton Sinclair – wrote about problems in the meatpacking industry • Jacob Riis who used pictures to show “How the Other Half Lives” – poverty in urban areas

  32. THEODORE ROOSEVELT 31 • Square Deal • Progressive President • Trust buster • Meat Inspection Act • Pure Food and Drug Act • Natural Resources

  33. WOODROW WILSON 32 • Progressive President • New Freedom • WWI

  34. 16th AMENDMENT 33 • Income Tax • Passed under Wilson • Progressive Era

  35. 17th AMENDMENT 34 • Direct Election of Senators • More power to the people • Progressive Era

  36. SUSAN B ANTHONY 35 • Led the Women’s Suffrage Movement

  37. 19th AMENDMENT 36 • Gave women the right to vote • 1920

  38. SPANISH AMERICAN WAR (1898) 37 • To protect US interest in Cuba • Yellow Journalism • De Lome Letter • Sinking of the USS Maine

  39. RESULTS OF SPAM WAR 38 • US acquired the Philippines, Puerto Rico, and Guam • Cuba became a protectorate of the US • US became a world power

  40. US EXPANSIONISM 39 • Need for raw materials • Spread Christianity • Fueling stations

  41. ALFRED THAYER MAHAN 40 • Called for the US to create a strong Navy

  42. US IN THE PACIFIC 41 • Philippines – Filipino American War • Hawaii – military base and fueling station • Pacific Islands – fueling stations in Guam, Samoa and Midway

  43. OPEN DOOR POLICY 42 • John Hay • Spheres of influence in China (trade open to all)

  44. PANAMA CANAL 43 • Faster from Atlantic to Pacific • Theodore Roosevelt

  45. ROOSEVELT COROLLARY 44 • Addendum to the Monroe Doctrine • US in charge of Western Hemisphere / Latin America

  46. WORLD WAR I CAUSES 45 • MAIN • M – militarism • A – alliances • I – imperialism • N – nationalism • Spark – assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand

  47. US ENTRY INTO WWI 46 • Zimmerann Telegram • Sinking of the Lusitania • Unrestricted submarine warfare • Russia dropped out – now all fighting for democracy

  48. WEAPONS OF WWI 47 • Submarines • Machine guns • Air planes • Tanks • Poison gas • Trench warfare

  49. WORLD WAR I 48 • Selective Service Act – the draft • AEP (American Expeditionary Force) – American troops in Europe, • John J Pershing – Led the AEP • Battle of Argonne Forest – defeat of the Germans • Alvin York – most decorated soldier of WWI

  50. 14 POINTS 49 • Woodrow Wilson’s plan for peace after WWI • Only League of Nations was adopted (not by the US)