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US History EOC Review. Civil War and Reconstruction. Understand the causes, course, and consequences of the Civil War and Reconstruction and its effects on the American people. Which statement is best supported by the data in the table?

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Civil War and Reconstruction

Understand the causes, course, and consequences of the Civil War and Reconstruction and its effects on the American people.


Which statement is best supported by the data in the table?

the Confederate troops lost the Civil War as a result of their higher numbers of injuries and fatalities

the Union army had better generals during the Civil War

the Civil War had more casualties than any other war

more soldiers died from disease than from wounds


One way that “Bleeding Kansas,” the Dred Scott decision, and John Brown’s raid on Harper’s Ferry had a similar effect on the United States was that these events

ended conflict over slavery in the territories

eased tensions between the North and the South

contributed to the formation of the Whig party

made sectional compromise more difficult


The Civil War affected the northern economy by

causing a severe depression

increasing unemployment rates

decreasing demand for agricultural products

stimulating industrialization


As the Civil War began, President Lincoln stated that his primary goal was to

end slavery

set new national boundaries

increase congressional powers

preserve the Union


The Missouri Compromise (1820), the Compromise of 1850, and the Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854) were all efforts to

end fighting between Midwestern farmers and Native American Indians

encourage manufacturing in the West

increase the number of people who voted in presidential elections

settle disputes over the spread of slavery to the western territories


Many Southern states tried to limit the effects of Radical Reconstruction by

adopting federal laws mandating segregation

enacting Jim Crow laws

abolishing the Southern sharecropping system

securing passage of new amendments to the US Constitution


Which term refers to the idea that settlers had the right to decide whether slavery would be legal in their territory?



popular sovereignty

southern secession


In the 1850s, why did many runaway slaves go to Canada?

they feared being drafted into the Northern army

the Fugitive Slave Act kept them at risk in the US

more factory jobs were available in Canada

Northern abolitionists refused to help fugitive slaves


What was a common purpose of the three amendments added to the United States Constitution between 1865 and 1870?

extending suffrage to Southern women

reforming the sharecropping system

granting rights to African Americans

protecting rights of Southerners accused of treason


The Radical Republicans in Congress opposed President Abraham Lincoln’s plan for Reconstruction because Lincoln

called for the imprisonment of most Confederate leaders

rejected the idea of harsh punishments for the South

planned to keep Northern troops in the South after the war

demanded immediate civil and political rights for formerly enslaved persons


Which action marked the end of Reconstruction in the United States?

ratification of the 14th amendment

withdrawal of federal troops from the South

creation of the Freedmen’s Bureau

impeachment of President Andrew Johnson


Constitutional amendments adopted during Reconstruction were intended to

provide legal and political rights for African Americans

end property and religious qualifications for voting

correct problems with the electoral college system

limit the number of terms of the president


In the ten years following the Civil War, a large number of former slaves earned a living by becoming

conductors on the Underground Railroad

workers in Northern factories

sharecroppers on Southern farms

gold miners in California


Which situation was the most immediate result of Abraham Lincoln’s election of the presidency in 1860?

Kansas and Nebraska joined the Union as free states

a constitutional amendment was adopted to end slavery

Missouri entered the Union as a slave state

several southern states seceded from the Union


What was the primary goal of President Lincoln’s post-Civil policy?

establishing military districts in the South

extending land ownership to African American men

restoring Southern representation in Congress

arresting military leaders of the Confederacy


The data shown in the graphs best support the conclusion that the North

was better prepared economically to fight the Civil War

lagged behind the South in bank deposits

produced more agricultural products than the South

lacked several important resources to fight the war


The South won many battled and the Civil War lasted four years. These two facts support the conclusion that

the Underground Railroad was important to the Southern cause

factors other than those shown in the graphs were important

the North was more dependent on foreign aid than the South

personal wealth was a key factor in determining the outcome of the war


What is the main idea of this cartoon from the Reconstruction era?

Southern society was oppressed by Radical Republican policies

military force was necessary to stop Southern secession

United States soldiers forced women in the South to work in factories

sharecropping was an economic burden for women after the Civil War


Which congressional action led to the Southern viewpoint expressed in this cartoon?

passage of the Homestead Act

strengthening of the Fugitive Slave Laws

military occupation of the former Confederate states

ending the Freedmen’s Bureau


What is the most accurate title for this map?

Closing the Frontier

Results of Reconstruction

A Nation Divided

Compromise of 1850


The Supreme Court ruling in Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857) helped to increase sectional conflict because the decision

denied Congress the power to regulate slavery in the territories

allowed for the importation of enslaved persons for ten years

prohibited slavery in lands west of the Mississippi River

gave full citizenship to all enslaved persons


The Reconstruction plans of President Lincoln and President Johnson included a provision for the

resumption of full participation in Congress by southern states

long-term military occupation of the Confederacy

payment of war reparations by Southern states

harsh punishment of former Confederate officials


The most direct effect of poll taxes and literacy tests on African Americans was to

prevent them from voting

limit their access to public facilities

block their educational opportunities

deny them economic advancements


Following Reconstruction, the passage of Jim Crow laws in the South limited the effectiveness of

the 14th and 15th amendments

the Freedmen’s Bureau

Black Codes

tenant farming and sharecropping


Literacy tests and poll taxes were often used to

enforce constitutional amendments added after the Civil War

limit voter participation by African Americans

promote equal educational opportunities for minority persons

provide job training for freedmen


During the Reconstruction Era (1865-1877), the 15th amendment was adopted to grant African Americans

educational opportunities

economic equality

freedom of speech

voting rights


Abolitionists in the pre-Civil War period were most likely to support the

removal of the Cherokee Indians from Georgia

passage of the Fugitive Slave Act

activities of the Underground Railroad

use of popular sovereignty in the territories


The institution of slavery was formally abolished in the United States by the

Compromise of 1850

Emancipation Proclamation of 1863

creation of the Freedmen’s Bureau in 1865

ratification of the 13th Amendment in 1865