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US History Review. Chapters 7-12. Americans who believed in republican virtues called on women to a. take on new political and legal rights. b. work outside the home. c. become the recognized heads of families d. serve as examples of honesty and discipline.

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us history review

US History Review

Chapters 7-12

Americans who believed in republican virtues called on women to
  • a. take on new political and legal rights.
  • b. work outside the home.
  • c. become the recognized heads of families
  • d. serve as examples of honesty and discipline.
Preachers during the Second Great Awakening taught that
  • a. churches should be controlled by the wealthy.
  • b. God can only be understood by highly educated people.
  • c. religion is for men only.
  • d. salvation is available to anyone, rich or poor.
Starting in 1843, settlers moved west in organized wagon trains along
  • a. the Mohawk Trail.
  • b. the Oregon Trail.
  • c. the Great Valley Road.
  • d. Forbes’s Road.
Most pioneers who settled west of the Appalachians were
  • a. families looking for good land.
  • b. miners looking for gold and silver.
  • c. missionaries seeking converts.
  • d. bankers from New York and Boston.
The huge numbers of settlers from the United States in Texas led to
  • a. a decline of slavery in Texas.
  • b. Mexican independence.
  • c. decreased trade with the United States.
  • d. an independence movement in Texas.
The Monroe Doctrine stated that
  • a. European countries must give up their colonies in the Western Hemisphere.
  • b. the United States was free to take sides in European wars.
  • c. Europe must not try to control any nation in the Western Hemisphere.
  • d. further European colonization in the Western Hemisphere was welcome.
How did many southern states react to the uprisings of Vessey and Turner?
  • a. They passed harsher slave laws.
  • b. They condemned slave owners who treated their slaves cruelly.
  • c. They encouraged plantation owners to begin to end slavery.
  • d. They passed laws to restrict the slave trade.
How did the Jacksonian Democrats differ from the National Republicans?
  • a. They opposed government interference with the economy.
  • b. They thought the federal government should control business.
  • c. They supported a high tariff on foreign goods.
  • d. They favored a national bank for the United States.
After Congress banned the importation of slaves,
  • a. the cotton industry collapsed.
  • b. the slave population increased dramatically.
  • c. the slave population decreased dramatically.
  • d. most southern states voted to end slavery.
Jackson defended the spoils system by claiming that it prevented
  • a. partisan politics.
  • b. control of government by the rich.
  • c. minority rule.
  • d. an imbalance of power
Most immigrants to the United States from 1820 to 1860 came from
  • a. Asia.
  • b. Africa.
  • c. northern Europe.
  • d. the Caribbean
Some northern workers opposed the antislavery movement because
  • a. Congress had imposed the gag rule.
  • b. women were not allowed to speak at antislavery meetings.
  • c. free blacks accepted lower wages than whites.
  • d. the Constitution supported slavery.
As a result of the early women’s movement, women began to
  • a. own property and make wills.
  • b. join religious revivals.
  • c. vote in local elections.
  • d. graduate from college.
The territory the United States gained after the Mexican War
  • a. helped to resolve tensions between the North and South.
  • b. was opened to settlers with or without slaves.
  • c. contributed to worsening relations between the North and South.
  • d. did not affect the slavery issue.
Under popular sovereignty, the decision whether or not to allow slavery in a territory was made by
  • a. Congress.
  • b. the voters of the territory.
  • c. the Supreme Court.
  • d. the President.
Abolitionists objected to the Dred Scott decision because it
  • a. freed enslaved people who left the South.
  • b. strengthened the Missouri Compromise.
  • c. outlawed due process as called for by the Fifth Amendment.
  • d. meant Congress had no power to ban slavery anywhere.
In 1860 and 1861, seven southern states seceded from the Union in protest of the
  • a. election of Republican Abraham Lincoln as President.
  • b. federal government’s refusal to punish John Brown.
  • c. brutal beating of Charles Sumner in the Senate.
  • d. Dred Scott decision.
How did the book Uncle Tom’s Cabin affect American society in the 1850s?
  • a. It convinced many Northerners that enslaved people were property.
  • b. It resulted in the passage of laws protecting slaves from owners who beat them.
  • c. It caused some slaveholders to allow slaves to buy their freedom.
  • d. It convinced many Northerners that slavery would ruin the nation.
During his 1858 senatorial election debates with Stephen Douglas, Abraham Lincoln argued that
  • a. slavery was a moral issue.
  • b. whites and African Americans should have social and political equality.
  • c. slavery should be prohibited in the South.
  • d. southern states should secede.
The phrase “Manifest Destiny” refers to the belief that the United States
  • a. had a right to all of the land claimed by Mexico.
  • b. had a divine mission to spread liberty across the continent.
  • c. ought to give up all claim to land between the Mississippi and the Pacific.
  • d. had a right to all of Oregon Country.
Which of the following was a provision of the Compromise of 1850?
  • a. California would be a free state.
  • b. Missouri would be a free state.
  • c. Slavery would be prohibited in New Mexico and Utah.
  • d. No new states or territories would be allowed to have slaves.
“Bleeding Kansas” earned its name from clashes over
  • a. the Dred Scott decision.
  • b. religious differences.
  • c. slavery.
  • d. land ownership.
Secessionists believed that they had a right to leave the Union, because
  • a. they had joined it voluntarily.
  • b. it had been created unconstitutionally.
  • c. they were being unfairly taxed.
  • d. the North refused to compromise.
What caused President Lincoln to become dissatisfied with General McClellan’s command?
  • a. He thought McClellan took unnecessary risks.
  • b. He thought McClellan was too slow to take action.
  • c. He objected to McClellan’s political views.
  • d. He said that McClellan was a coward.
The single greatest cause of death of Confederate and Union soldiers was
  • a. canisters.
  • b. shells.
  • c. disease.
  • d. gunboats.
Sherman treated South Carolina harshly because
  • a. it was the home state of Robert E. Lee.
  • b. his troops had been treated harshly in the state.
  • c. he wanted to force Lee to send reinforcements to the state.
  • d. it had been the first Confederate state to secede.
Which of the following was a strategy of the Confederate government?
  • a. blockading the North’s Atlantic coast
  • b. attacking the North by way of the Mississippi River
  • c. seeking support from Britain and France
  • d. limiting the upper draft age to 35
At Ford’s Theater on April 14, 1865,
  • a. Lincoln was shot.
  • b. Lee signed the terms of surrender.
  • c. the Civil War officially ended.
  • d. Lincoln gave his Second Inaugural Address.
The Freedmen’s Bureau succeeded in
  • a. redistributing formerly white-owned land to black southerners.
  • b. keeping ex-Confederate supporters out of office.
  • c. providing clothing, medical care, food, and education to many freed people.
  • d. electing African Americans to southern state governments.
During Reconstruction, southern governments tried to improve economic conditions in the South by
  • a. lowering cotton prices.
  • b. building railroads and businesses.
  • c. redistributing land.
  • d. lowering taxes.
Which best reflects President Lincoln’s hopes for Reconstruction?
  • a. to punish the South severely for seceding from the Union
  • b. to replace all white officials in the South with African Americans
  • c. to strengthen the North’s domination of the South
  • d. to bind the nation together and create a lasting peace
The most visible new black organizations in the South were
  • a. military clubs.
  • b. colleges.
  • c. churches.
  • d. political parties.
One example of the wise use of Reconstruction funds was investing in
  • a. sharecropping.
  • b. business schemes run by scalawags.
  • c. cotton plantations.
  • d. public education
Passage of the Thirteenth Amendment showed that Congress accepted
  • a. Lincoln’s stand against slavery.
  • b. Lee’s terms for ending the war.
  • c. its responsibility for the war.
  • d. Sherman’s destruction of Atlanta.
The main goal of the Ku Klux Klan during Reconstruction was to
  • a. prevent African Americans from exercising their rights.
  • b. gain control of state legislatures.
  • c. restore the Confederacy.
  • d. improve conditions for poor whites.