Egyptian culture and accomplishments
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Egyptian Culture and Accomplishments. Women. h ad higher status than in many other ancient societies c ould enter into business deals, buy and sell goods, testify in court, and obtain divorce, p roperty was inherited through the female line w ere not confined to the home

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  • had higher status than in many other ancient societies

  • could enter into business deals, buy and sell goods, testify in court, and obtain divorce,

  • property was inherited through the female line

  • were not confined to the home

  • could not be scribes or hold government jobs; few were literate

  • valued role as wife or mother, yet referred to as property of husband

  • queen had a privileged position as the wife of a god, and often ruled jointly with her husband


  • Schools were first established to train priests.

  • Later, a general education was provided to wealthy males.

  • Students learned reading, writing, math, and religious ceremonies.

  • Scribes were record keepers of taxes and expenses, chronicled the heroic deeds of pharaohs, and noted the events of daily life: birth, death, and marriage. It was a vehicle for upward mobility.

  • Centers for higher learning established.


  • Mathematics-practical geometry developed to redraw boundaries after annual floods; measure area of squares and circles; figured volume of cylinders and spheres.

  • Medicine- most renowned doctors in the ancient world; anatomy learned from mummification; observed symptoms, diagnosed illness, performed surgery; set bones; treated spinal injuries; prescribed medicines.

More accomplishments
More Accomplishments

  • Engineering- pyramids, temples, irrigation systems.

  • Astronomy- predicted Nile floods and eclipses; mapped constellations; charted movement of the planets; developed 365-day calendar that was modified by the Greeks and Romans and became the basis of our modern day calendar.

And more accomplishments
And more accomplishments…

  • Literature- Hymns and prayers to the gods, proverbs, love poems, battle victories, practical advice, folk tales

  • Painting and Sculpture- statues, wall paintings, carvings.