urban integration of informal settlements n.
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“Urban integration of informal settlements”. Sukth Municipality. Albania Pilot Candidate. General description. Geographical position ; -Appendix to Tirana - Durres highway, -This area nearly 70% of national industrial production -Almost ½ of the Albania population live here

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urban integration of informal settlements

“Urban integration of informal settlements”

Sukth Municipality. Albania

Pilot Candidate

general description
General description
  • Geographical position ;

-Appendix to Tirana - Durres highway,

-This area nearly 70% of national industrial production

-Almost ½ of the Albania population live here

  • Former state farm

-With 5902 families growing fruit ,vegetables ,wheat etc.

-In 20 years time the population doubled, now 24.526 people

-Total area 5069 ha. Land for construction 50,4 ha

construction structure
Construction structure
  • What level construction.

-Self declared ,1467 informal constructions

-Nearly 40% of the families are of very low income , 35% of medium level and 25% of relatively higher.

  • Place of origin of the people:

-Nearly 65% from northern part of Albania Dibra Tropoja Kukesi ,Mati etc. Natives nearly 20%, others 15%

  • Land conflicts.

-Former owners and those favoured by law

-The process of registration undergoing

reasons why informal
Reasons why informal
  • People forced to move from poor remote places
  • The government could not respond to the housing demands.
  • The government failed to enforce law and order to stop the phenomena.
  • The government could not offer construction permision according to certain plans
  • People in a hurry to occupy a piece of land as considered without any private owner.
prone to hazards
Prone to hazards
  • Flooding

-A river (Erzeni) running close by;

-Drainage system is out of function

  • Poorly constructed houses

-Built without construction design project

-Easily demolished

( earthquakes)

municipality structure
Municipality structure
  • There is an organizational structure of ten offices.Some of the main offices:

-Territory managment office

-Finance office, budget 1.5 mil. Euro/per year

-Tax office; small income ; property tax very low

-Informal settlement office

-Legal office

  • Staff ,42 with very little training.
  • Offices poorly equipped
  • Almost without a seweage sistem; only a part of it works normally
  • Main water supply pipe passing through, lack of secondary lines to the houses.
  • An asphalted road runs through , no pavement at all;muddy secondary streets
  • Chaos with the power supply; the secondary network broken.
  • Chaos in telephone lines.
  • Big bussiness

-20 entrepreneurs, mainly agriculture production

Leather processing, shoe factory

  • Small bussiness

-Trade and service shops, total 233

  • Main saurce of income

-Most of the families engaged on agriculture production

construction permission problems
Construction permission Problems
  • Land Ownership

-Two or more owners for the same piece of land

  • Land destination change

-Construction predominant on agriculture land

  • Insufficient planning capacity

-Staff not with the right qualification

-Lack of financial means

-Absence of the necessary equipment

education and health service
Education and Health service
  • Two Middle schools

-Many students in a class

  • Three nine- year schools

-One and the same road (without sidewalk)for people cars, trucks, buses etc

  • Three kindergardens

-Poorly furnished

  • Five nursery centers

-Hospitals in Durres or Tirana

leisure time
Leisure time
  • No sports activities.
  • No playgrounds.
  • Only school activities
  • Watching Tv programs,.
  • Evenings, in bars and playing billiards
some figures of low income
Some figures of low income
  • 220 persons classified work invalids
  • 227 families paid by legal medical commisions
  • 50 persons vulnerable
  • 40 persons total blind
  • 58 persons live on municipal social assistance
  • An office established
  • Two specialists employed
  • Files are being processed
  • No informatization
  • Willing to collaborate
items to improve
Items to improve
  • Legal framework
  • Institutional collaboration
  • Local regional and central relationship
  • Staff qualification
  • Community awareness and responsibility
  • Proper urban plans
closing words
Closing words
  • Mayor’s words of wellcome:

“Come to Sukth and enjoy our hospitability. We need a “pilot” to take off our plane and land it to “GTZ airport”.Give us that chance.

Thank you”