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Urban Growth and Decline
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  1. Urban Growth and Decline Stage 5 Geography

  2. Cities are always changing Urban decline • Urban renewal Urban consolidation Gentrification Change involves four urban processes

  3. Focus: ICT in the Stage 5 Geography Syllabus Geography (Mandatory) Stage 5 requires students to: • create a formatted, multiple-paged document containing web-links to communicate geographical information • design and create a simple database from student research • import data from other ICT applications into student research findings • design and create a multimedia presentation or webpage to communicate geographical information to a particular audience, including maps and diagrams as appropriate • critically analyse a website, including the ethics of the site • access, collect and interpret electronic information.

  4. This action research project is to encourage students to: access, collect and interpret electronic information using the Internet, Moodle & SSC Leichhardt Geog Blog Import data from other ICT applications into student research findings review models, make notes and gather secondary data on urban structure and process. design and create a simple database from student research use ABS - Sydney a Social Atlas 2006,ABS Community profile statistics,Google Maps, Google Street View • Maintain a record of all materials studied in a formatted, multiple-paged document containing web-links to communicate geographical information

  5. This action research project is to encourage students to: use applications ie. Word/Adobe Portfolio or OneNote • critically analyse a website, including the ethics of the site consult & add to a Delicious network using an agreed set of tags process information using applications such as Excel & Photoshop design & create a multimedia presentation or webpage to communicate geographical : Wiki

  6. Implementation of the Program • Stage 1 – 31 March to 2 May • Stage 2 – 3 May to 23 May • Stage 3 – 24 May onwards

  7. The Research Questions How is the Foreshore being used? How has the land use changed and what is the impact on the biophysical and built environment? What issues have arisen from Urban Growth & Decline? Who is affected by these issues? How are the issues being addressed?

  8. The Research Cycle 1. Identify the aim/purpose of the investigation 9. Where appropriate, take action 2. Generate focus questions to Guide the investigation 8. Propose individual or group action in response to the findings 3. Which primary and secondary data are needed to answer the focus questions 7. Select methods to effectively communicate the research findings 4. Identify the techniques that will be used to collect the data 6. Process and analyse the data collected 5. collect primary and secondary data

  9. The Field Study Area Millers Point Walsh Bay Barangaroo Circular Quay Darling Harbour

  10. Basic content presented in 7 PowerPoints 1. Basic urban processes 2. Sydney’s Development 3. Government stakeholders and their responsibilities 4. Community and commercial stakeholders 5. Changes in the study area from the 19th to 21st centuries 6. Field Work 7. Processes operating in the study area

  11. Lesson content provided students with a rich preparation for field activities Hickson Rd – The Hungry Mile – Darling Harbour

  12. Showing Change in the Area • Smith & Gardiner’s Map of Sydney and Suburbs 1855

  13. Showing Change in the area • Robinson’s Aeroplane Map of Sydney 1922

  14. Showing Change in the Area • Google Map of Sydney • 2010

  15. Built using Photoshop

  16. Scoping the topic with FreeMind

  17. Moodle : supplementing basic content A platform of resources OneNote book template Link to TALE & laptop Wraps Homework posted here

  18. SSC Geog Blog Providing additional content Aiming to facilitate interactivity

  19. SSC Geog Blog Provide a additional audio materials Pages added for each part of course

  20. SSC Geog Blog PowerPoints posted on Blog

  21. ABS Sydney a Social Atlas 2006 • ABS Community profile statistics • Google Maps & Street View • Models of Urban development • Excel, Word, Adobe Portfolio or OneNote, Photoshop, Camera • Delicious • SSC Leichhardt Blog Stage 1 – Resources and Tools • Digital Tools • Simple Land Use Models • Web2.0 Tools

  22. Stage 1 - Pre-activity Assessment

  23. Stage 1- Week 2, Term 2

  24. Sydney has changed since 1788 Sydney has grown out from a centre

  25. Cities can be represented by circles The area of first settlement Cities grow out from areas of first settlement, and as they grow certain processes occur: Some areas Decline In some areas there is Renewal Outward growth There’s Consolidation of people in some places In other places change in social and economic status occurs - Gentrification

  26. Sydney has branched out What might have caused this?

  27. Railways greatly influenced Sydney’s development 1850

  28. 2004

  29. George St, 1950s Trams began to be phased out from the 1950s onwards as car and truck transport developed

  30. Car & Trucks and Buses By the 1960s cars, trucks and buses were major forms of transport in Sydney

  31. Lessons: provided basic content Visible air pollution Waterfront cargo storage Port Activities Major traffic thoroughfare Horse drawn freezer/meat van Cargo unloaded directly to wharf Pyrmont bridge: 1903

  32. Lessons: provided basic content No visible air pollution Waterfront Hotels & apartments Port activities confined to ferries and Private boating Tourism activities on wharf Pyrmont bridge: 2009

  33. View across Darling Harbour 1880s

  34. View across Darling Harbour 2010 Can you see anything from the 1880s?

  35. Living and Working Conditions Walsh Bay Wharves Warehouse 19 Gloucester Street, The Rocks Wool Store Port and factory workers lived close to work Late 19th century view from Windmill St, Millers Point, looking over Walsh Bay

  36. Living and Working Conditions Millers Point 19 Gloucester Street, The Rocks Coal powered steam engine Coal train rolling stock Early 20th century Darling Harbour coal loader – ships needed coal for fuel

  37. Living and Working Conditions Horse and cart Unsealed streets and horse manure a breeding ground for bacteria Children barefooted Urban decline in the 19th century

  38. Living and Working Conditions 19 Gloucester Street, The Rocks Hydrated lime barrel. Hydrated lime was used as a disinfectant because it produced a dry & alkaline environment that retard bacterial growth In the 19th Century streets were often unsealed and unsanitary

  39. Living and Working Conditions 19 Gloucester Street, The Rocks Blocked drainage being cleared Bones, horns and old piles unearthed Urban renewal – cleaning out 19th century drains in 1900

  40. Living and Working Conditions 1900 Demolition of sub-standard housing 19 Gloucester Street, The Rocks A bubonic plague outbreak led to demolition of some decaying urban areas

  41. Living and Working Conditions 19 Gloucester Street, The Rocks Signs of global industry emerging Around 1900 retailing was still largely through corner stores and local businesses

  42. Living and Working Conditions Pyrmont Balmain 19 Gloucester Street, The Rocks Walsh Bay finger wharves Large areas of housing demolished to build the Sydney Harbour bridge Darling Harbour In the 20th century the area was still a mix of docks, warehouses, industry & housing

  43. Living and Working Conditions 19 Gloucester Street, The Rocks Still a working port Railway lines removed Urban decline – old industrial area Empty Wool Stores Now converted to apartments & parking Darling Harbour immediately before the Darling Harbour Urban renewal Project - 1980

  44. How is land in the study area now used? High rise office blocks Western Distributor Modern apartments – urban consolidation Millers Point heritage houses built from 1820 to 1930 Heritage buildings remaining on Gas Works site No shipping of cargo, Port abandoned

  45. How is land in the study area now used? Low energy buildings with small carbon footprint Tourist Hotels Restaurants and bars Moorings for private ferries, cruise and charter boats No longer finger wharves at King St

  46. How is land in the study area now used? Urban consolidation Urban Renewal - Maritime Museum Public Access to foreshore

  47. Excel, Word, Adobe Portfolio or OneNote, Photoshop, Camera • Government, Corporate and Community websites & reports • Images – photos, videos, maps, statistical maps, graphs Stage 2 – Resources and Tools • Digital Tools • Delicious • SSC Leichhardt Blog • Processes, Stakeholders, Decisions, Future • Web2.0 Tools

  48. Stage 3- Week 3, Term 2

  49. Stage 3- Week 4, Term 2

  50. Stage 2- Week 5, Term 2