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Change and Continuity: East Asia. Flora Tan, Yao Zhang, Patrick Yoo, Tyler Rishell, Brian Mulraney. 8000 BCE – 600 CE. Change and Continuity. Change Throughout the time period of 8000 B.C.E. – 600 C.E China goes through five different dynasties; The Shang, Zhou, Qin, Han, and Sui Dynasties.

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Change and continuity east asia

Change and Continuity:East Asia

Flora Tan, Yao Zhang, Patrick Yoo, Tyler Rishell, Brian Mulraney



Change and continuity
Change and Continuity

Change

  • Throughout the time period of 8000 B.C.E. – 600 C.E China goes through five different dynasties; The Shang, Zhou, Qin, Han, and Sui Dynasties.

Continuity

  • Throughout the time frame of 8000 B.C.E. – 600 C.E. there were several continuities. China maintained its monopoly on Silk, and also always had the mandate of heaven as the emperor’s divine right to rule.



Change and continuity east asia

China

P-Tang Dynasty (618-907); Song Dynasty (960-1279); both dynasties were a strong, centralized govt.

E- the Silk Road inhibits land trade while the Chinese ports on the coast become some of the largest and the wealthiest in the world

R-Buddhism, Confucianism; as Buddhism enters China, it is modified to fit the Chinese culture

S-The social level of women decline in Tang and Song China

I-Silk Road; Buddhism travels from India to China, and then from China to Japan

A-Several Tang and Song inventions include porcelain, the mechanical clock, printing gunpowder, paper money, the magnetic compass, and silk

Japan

P-Japan attempts to recreate the great dynasties of China, but when that fails, the political structure is dominated by FeudalismE-Mostly closed to the world, and relied heavily on agricultureR- Buddhism enters Japan from ChinaS- Japan is divided into provinces by the Feudal system and the social structure was rigidly defined with warlords known as shoguns on the topI-idea of cultural borrowing in which Japan would take certain aspects of society (mostly from China) and apply them to their own societyA- The Japanese learn the use of sugar, silk, and alcohol from the Chinese


Change and continuity1
Change and Continuity

Change

  • Japanese shogunate

  • Neo-confucianism

  • Chinese expansion into Vietnam

  • Mongol domination in China

Continuity

  • Nomadic Threats

  • Confucianism

  • Footbinding

  • Civil Service Exam

  • Patriarchal Family

  • Shintoism



Change and continuity east asia

China Japan

P- Ming & Qing dynasties. Hongwu commanded a rebel army to drive the Mongols from China and became the first Ming emperor in 1368. His son Yonglo launched a series of voyages of imperial control led by Zheng He. The Manchus ended the Ming dynasty and started the Qing. Kangxi was the first Qing emperor and was followed by his son, Qianlong.

E- Isolationist policies in the 1500’s. Silk and ceramics were major exports. The Dutch were accepted by the Qing even after isolation. Tea was a major commodity. Farming & agriculture. There was rising merchant class during the Qing.

R- Italian Jesuits, Matteo.

S- Constant rebellions under Ming. Upheld traditions and Confucian beliefs & social structures. Kowtow ritual. Population increased two-fold. Patriarchal society.

I- Jesuits transmit scientific and technological knowledge to Ming China; Great Wall, Grand Canal, Forbidden City

A- Ming Emperor halts Zheng He’s expedition

  • P 1467-1568 Sengoku period (warring states). Daimyos became lords and the emperor was merely a figurehead. Oda Nobunaga initiated the unification of Japan under the shogun. Succeeded by Toyotomi Hideyoshi. Tokugawa started the Tokugawa shogunate also known as the Edo period. National Seclusion Policy.

  • E- The Portugese establish trade with Japan in 1542. Within a decade, Christian missionaries streamed in and facilitated trade in the port city of Nagasaki.

  • R- Jesuits in Japan. Christians were persecuted. Buddhism and Shintoism.

  • S- Patriarchal society

  • I- Haikus, wood block prints, painting.

  • A- Tokugawa Shogunate prohibits trade with Western nations,


Change and continuity2
Change and Continuity

Change

  • Columbian Exchange (China)

  • Christianity

  • Chinese withdrawal from world trade

Continuity

  • Confucianism

  • Neo-Confucianism

  • Ming Dynasty



Change and continuity3
Change and Continuity

Change

  • End to Isolation. Trade had been previously restricted to one or two cities – Guangzhou/Canton (China) and Nagasaki (Japan)

  • End of Chinese dynastic rule

  • Bicameral parliament (Japan)

Continuity

  • China continued to be a major exporter of cotton, ore, silks, and porcelain

  • Patriarchal society

  • Shinto

  • Confucianism

  • Buddhism

  • Japan continues to lack resources



Change and continuity4
Change and Continuity

Change

  • Depression; economies falter

  • Footbinding is outlawed

  • High-tech industries

Continuity

  • Shintoism

  • Buddhism

  • Confucianism

  • U.S recognition of China