East Asia Vocabulary Words. Landfill – building on a dump; expanding land space to accommodate buildings . Pacific Rim – countries surrounding the Pacific Ocean. Ring of Fire: chain of volcanoes the line the Pacific Rim.
Landfill – building on a dump; expanding land space to accommodate buildings
Tsunami – giant ocean wave, caused by an underwater earthquake or volcanic eruption, with great destructive power
Economic Tiger – a nation that has rapid economic growth due to cheap labor, high technology, and aggressive exports. Countries are highly industrialized and trade with nations around the world.
Typhoon – fierce tropical storms that occurs in the western Pacific
*Located in northern
China and southeast
*Ideal place for finding
Low pay with little overtime
Violation of child labor laws
Many are exposed to toxic chemicals
Low population density
He rose from poverty and slavery to rule the world
By 1219 he ruled from northern China to the Afghanistan border, and Siberia to the border of Tibet
Spheres of Influence – a method of dividing foreign control in China, after the country was forced to sign a series of treaties granting special privileges to the Europeans. China was partitioned for control by Britain, France, Germany, and Russia.
Box Rebellion – (1900) Chinese militants attacked and killed Europeans and Chinese Christians in China. A multinational force of about 20,000 soldiers defeated the Boxers.
Toilet paper Gun Powder
Paper 1st instrument for
Kites monitoring earthquakes
Silk cloth 1st mechanical clock
Suspension bridges Water wheel to harvest
Chinese year is based on the cycles of the moon – complete cycle of the Chinese calendar takes 60 years.
Produces 60% of the world’s mushrooms
One of the fastest growing economies in the world
A series of rulers from the same family
1st Chinese dynasty was the Shang
Qin dynasty gave its name to China
The emperor of the Qing dynasty was Shi Huangdi, the builder of the Great Wall.
China is the 2nd largest importer of goods in the world.
*Known as the
*A collection of walls
*1st set of walls
were built to keep
the Mongols out of
Receives thousands of tourists every day- 41.8 million visitors in 2004
Part of the wall is only 50 miles from Beijing
During construction called “the longest cemetery on earth” because so many people died building it (more than 1 million)
Mortar to build the walls was from rice flour
Frontier guards, peasants, unemployed intellectuals, disgraced noblemen, and convicts were used to build the wall.
President Nixon’s visit to the wall in 1972 increased tourism and sections of the wall were restored.
*World’s 3rd longest river
*Open to navigation all year long
World’s largest hydro-power project
Displace more than 1.2 million people
2nd largest city in China
Capital of the People’s Republic of China
Most expensive in history - $40 billion
There are 9,999 rooms (9 is a lucky number)
Larger than the Vatican and Kremlin combined
All of the buildings are made from painted wood
Largest city in China – 8th largest in the world
Located on the banks of the Yangtze River Delta
Known as “Paris of the East” and “Queen of the Orient”
2004 – Time Magazine called Shanghai “The Most Happening City”
2007 – Hosted the 1st Special Olympic Games ever held in Asia
Confucianism: belief in the importance of order, education, and hierarchy in a well-ordered society.
*Gets its name from a book called the Tao-teChing
*More of a philosophy – believe in
the importance of harmony in
the individual, nature,
and in the universe
*Followers were persecuted
in China for years after the
Communist victory in
1949 and during the
Believe the government should leave the people alone and have little involvement in their lives
*Architect of the People’s
Republic of China (PRC)
*Led the Communist Party
against Chiang Kai-shek’s
Kuomintang in the
Chinese Civil War
Mao’s Great Leap Forward and Cultural Revolution is to blame for millions of deaths (40-50 million), causing famine and executions of the people.
*242 miles long
87 miles wide
*Services 58.5%, Industry 36%, Agriculture 5.5%
*Less than 1% of the people live below the poverty line
Largest city in Taiwan
Highly densely populated
Asian capital for art and culture
of the sun”
*75% of Japan’s
people live in
*60% of the
people live on
2.7% of the
Imports most natural resources
Japan is the largest consumer of Amazon rain forest timber
Imports 85% of Jamaica’s annual coffee production
Education is highly structured: attend school 6 days a week and shorter summer vacation than in America.
Tokyo has the most extensive urban railway network in the world
Sometimes trains are so crowded railway staff are employed to cram passengers inside
City Population: 12,989,000
Metropolitan Area: 35-39 million
60% of the people smoke.
Crime rate in Japan among the lowest in the world.
Samurai - professional soldier in Japan who served the interests of landowners and clan chiefs
Shogun – general of the emperor’s army with the powers of a military dictator.
First occupied by people who migrated from the northwestern regions of Asia
Has been invaded and fought over by its larger neighbors – China, Japan, and Russia
About the size of Mississippi
Democratic People’s Republic of Korea
Ruled by the Kim Jong Il
63% live in urban areas
All members of the People’s Assembly belong to the Worker’s Party
Population – 22.7 million
Official language is Korean
Terrain is mostly rugged and mountainous
Known as –
Land of the
Korean is main language
English taught in schools
City population – 10.2
98% of population are
One of the safest cities in the world – little crime
Fight was over unification of both countries
North Korea was aided by China and the Soviet Union
No real victory on either side
A Korean Demilitarized Zone was established
2.5 million civilians lost their lives
1+ million soldiers lost their lives
South Korea is below the 38th parallel