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EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany

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  1. EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany Wolfgang Adldinger WITTUR Chairman – Components Committee European Lift Association ( ELA ) Asansör Istanbul 04.-07. April 2013

  2. EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany Reasonfor(EN 81-1/2) Amendment 3 Number of accidents The publicationofthe European MachineryDirective 2006/42/EC was oneofthemainreasonforthe immediate implementationoftheAmendment 3 of EN 81-1/2:1998 > 0,15 m/s • Requirements in theAmendment 3 acc. to EN81-1/2 • Ratedspeed • Fixing systemsofguards • Stoppingandlevelingaccuracy • Safety deviceagainstunintendedcarmovement Need to remove ≤ 24 month ± 10 mm± 20 mm UCM protection Asansör Istanbul 04.-07. April 2013

  3. EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany AffectedRegulations Europe Machinery Directive 2006/42/EC Lift Directive 95/16/EC EN 81-1/2:1998+A3:2009 EN 81-21:2009+A1:2012 EN 81-80:2003 ESRAnnex I Revision in process • In Canada, USA, South Korea, Japan and Hong Kong the UCM requirements are already transposed into national standards • 1986 Canada • 2004 USA and South Korea • 2006 Japan • 2010 Hong Kong In each country incidents have caused the fast implementation of UCM requirements into national standards. Asansör Istanbul 04.-07. April 2013

  4. down up EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany The Definition of „unintendedcarmovement“ “Unintended car movement” is to be understood as non-commanded (unintended) car movement with open doors away from the landing position • It is obligatory since 1st of January 2012 • for new lifts • for important changes at existing lifts • depending on country transposition of EN 81-80 (SNEL) or other country specific regulations Asansör Istanbul 04.-07. April 2013

  5. down up EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany Protectionagainstunintendedcarmovement Additional means have to protect unintended car movement (UCM) Detection / Activation stopping keep stopped at any load and speed conditions Asansör Istanbul 04.-07. April 2013

  6. EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany Protectionagainstunintendedcarmovement Requireddistances in EN 81-1/2+A3 down up min1000mm min1000mm max 1200mm max 1200mm 200mmmax Asansör Istanbul 04.-07. April 2013

  7. EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany ELA / CEN additional explanationpapers (guides) Interpretation CEN/TC10 [N1017] Guideline for a better understanding of the Amendment 3 requirements and application (Questions and Answers) NB-LRECOMMENDATION FOR USE (04.03.2013) This document describes the proceeding of type examination and production control from Notified Bodies A RECOMMENDATION FOR USE is obligatory for all Notified Bodies and shall unify the European test procedure Asansör Istanbul 04.-07. April 2013

  8. EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany NB-L RECOMMENDATION FOR USE Proceedingwith safety devicesagainst UCM Proposed procedures of type examination, productioncontrol, conformity assessment procedure, risk assessment description and design prove according Annex F.8 Procedure for components with existing EC- type examination certificate Procedure for installation and final inspection, periodical checks Maintenance, Changing units, Modernization, Dismantling Procedures for Lifts, sub systems and components Asansör Istanbul 04.-07. April 2013

  9. EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany Placing on themarket – responsibilityoftheinstaller provide the interfaces of the UCM means responsible for the compliance with the legal / normative requirements provide the instruction for use provide the manual for the test procedure “type tested systems and sub systems” Advantage for the installer Asansör Istanbul 04.-07. April 2013

  10. ELECTRONIC INTERFACE Others! Others! EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany Affectedcomponents / solutions Door zone monitoring Lift controller Electric lifts Hydraulic lifts Safety device Asansör Istanbul 04.-07. April 2013

  11. EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany Historyandexperiencewiththeapplicationofthe UCM requirements in Germany Application in Germany Asansör Istanbul 04.-07. April 2013

  12. EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany Lift Market in Germany (2012) ca. 700.000 existing Lifts ca. 16.000 new Lifts Value ofModernisation in 2012: ca. 250 Mio. € Asansör Istanbul 04.-07. April 2013

  13. EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany Lift Market in Germany (2012) most frequent causes of accident Asansör Istanbul 04.-07. April 2013

  14. EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany The introductionofthe European Standard EN 81-1/2:1998+A3:2009 on 1st.January 2012 provide a newdefinitionfor„State oftheArt“forthelifttechnology. • Definition „State ofthe Art“: • "the level of knowledge and development achieved in a technique…“ • “the development of new techniques and procedures by expert people in a particular field” • (www.wikipedia.com) „State ofthe Art“ fornewinstallation Safety deviceagainstunintendedcarmovement = UCM Asansör Istanbul 04.-07. April 2013

  15. EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany • Directive 89/655/EEC • (Arbeitsmittelbenutzungsrichtlinie) • concerning the minimum safety and health requirements for the use of work equipment by workers at work „Ordinance on Industrial Safety and Health“ (Betriebssicherheitsverordnung) • Ordinanceconcerning • the protection of safety and health in the provision of work equipment and its use at work, • safety when operating installations subject to monitoring and • the organization of industrial safety and health at work transposed into National Law in Germany as was replacedby Directive 2009/104/EC (Arbeitsmittelbenutzungsrichtlinie) concerning the minimum safety and health requirements for the use of work equipment by workers at work Asansör Istanbul 04.-07. April 2013

  16. EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany German Law: „Ordinance on Industrial Safety and Health“ (Betriebssicherheitsverordnung) • concerning safety when operating installations subject to monitoring • protection of safety and health in the provision of work equipment and its use at work, organization of industrial safety and health at work required „State ofthe Art“ fornewinstallation and modificationofexistinglifts Asansör Istanbul 04.-07. April 2013

  17. EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany • German law „Ordinance on Industrial Safety and Health” (Betriebssicherheitsverordnung -BetrSichV-): • Installations subject to monitoring shall only be put into service for the first time or after fundamental modifications: • if they comply with the other legal provisions, but at least with the state of the art, where the aforementioned legal provisions are not applicable. • Installations subject to monitoring shall not be put into service after a modification unless the parts of the installations that are affected by the modification comply with the state of the art. Asansör Istanbul 04.-07. April 2013

  18. EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany German law „Ordinance on Industrial Safety and Health” (Betriebssicherheitsverordnung -BetrSichV-): A fundamental modification of an installation subject to monitoring means any modification which influences the safety of the installation subject to monitoring to the extent that its safety features correspond to those of a new installation. A modificationof an installation subject to monitoring means any activity which influences the safety of an installation. Any service, maintenance or repair work influencing the safety of the installation shall also be considered a modification. Asansör Istanbul 04.-07. April 2013

  19. EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany ? Modification of Lifts Fundamental Modification of Lifts • Technical RuleforApplicationoftheOrdinance on Industrial Safety and Health • TRBS 1121: • “Modification and fundamental modification of Lifts” • Described in detail which kind of work on the Lift is a “modification” or a “fundamental modification” to fulfill “State of the Art”. • The “German Committee for lifts (DAfA)” has worked on the further development of this Technical Rule: • Lift Manufacturer • Component Manufacturer • Lift Consultants • Owner of Lifts • Notified Bodies and • Experts from the German Government TRBS 1121 DAfA has also provide a Guide to application the Technical Rule 1121 for safe use in Lift modification Asansör Istanbul 04.-07. April 2013

  20. EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany Federal Ministryof Labour and SocialAffairs German Law: „Ordinance on Industrial Safety and Health“ (Betriebssicherheitsverordnung) New Lifts (subjecttomonitoring) TRBS Technical Rules forApplicationofthe „Ordinance on Industrial SafetyandHealth“ Existing Lifts (subjecttomonitoring) Modification Fundamental Modification „State ofthe Art“ mandatory beforeputtingintoservice: Lift must complywith„State ofthe Art“ „State ofthe Art“ fornewliftsisdefined in EN 81-1/2:1998+A3:2009 (including UCM) TRBS 1121 „Technical Rule: Modification and fundamental modificationofexistinglifts“ Described in detailthe „State ofthe Art“ for „modification“ and „fundamental modification“ DAfA has worked for the implementation of the EN 81-1/2+A3-Requirement into the German Technical Rules to fulfill the “State of the Art” Requirement: • Lift Manufacturer • Components Manufacturer • Lift Consultants • Ownerof Lifts • NotifiedBodies • ExpertsfromtheGovernment Asansör Istanbul 04.-07. April 2013

  21. EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany Federal Ministryof Labour and SocialAffairs German Law: „Ordinance on Industrial Safety and Health“ (Betriebssicherheitsverordnung) New Lifts (subjecttomonitoring) TRBS Technical Rules forApplicationofthe „Ordinance on Industrial Safety and Health“ Existing Lifts (subjecttomonitoring) UndercertainconditionUCMis also mandatoryforthe „Modification“ and „Fundamental modification“ ofexistinglifts in Germany (Decision in Germany with involving of the DAfAin November 2011) modification Fundamental modification „State ofthe Art“ mandatory beforeputtingintoservice: Lift must complywith„State ofthe Art“ „State ofthe Art“ fornewliftsisdefined in EN 81-1/2:1998+A3:2009 (including UCM) TRBS 1121 „Technical Rule: Modification and fundamental modificationoflifts“ Described in detailthe „State ofthe Art“ for „modification“ and „fundamental modification“ DAfA has worked for the implementation of the EN 81-1/2+A3-Requirement into the German Technical Rules to fulfill the “State of the Art” Requirement: • Lift Manufacturer • Components Manufacturer • Lift Consultants • Ownerof Lifts • NotifiedBodies • ExpertsfromtheGovernment Asansör Istanbul 04.-07. April 2013

  22. EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany forexistinglifts a retrofitof safety deviceagainstunintendedcarmovement must beconsideredby: Modification Fundamental Modification • Change of the complete Drive, • Modification of the drum drive completely, • Renewal / modification of the protective device against ascending car overspeed, • Change of controller completely, • Renewal / modification of safety gear, • Change of the rated speed of the lift system, • Change of gear, • Modification of the hydraulic drive completely, • Shifting of complete lift system • Changing of complete well • Additional floor of lift system, • New lift with exception of guide rails and fixings • Inspection of notified body necessary • providedthattheoperation or type of the installation is affected by the modification • New conformity assessment procedure acc. LD 95/16/EC mandatory Asansör Istanbul 04.-07. April 2013

  23. EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany Experience withtheapplicationofthe UCM Requirement forModificationof Lifts How does it work in the reality? Asansör Istanbul 04.-07. April 2013

  24. EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany Steps for Implementation of UCM in existing lifts Evaluation of current situation Search for possible technical UCM solutions / Feasibility study Type examination of non certified components (if necessary) Inspection through notified body Underconsiderationoftherequirements in the German Technical Rule TRBS 1121 and the „Guide forapplicationthe TRBS 1121“ Asansör Istanbul 04.-07. April 2013

  25. EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany 1. Step for Implementation of UCM in existing lifts Evaluation of current situation Operation and type of lift • ratedload, • ratedspeed, • tractiondrive (withgearorgearless) • controller type, Planned modernisation of Lift system • „modification“ or a „fundamental modification“? • renewalwithouteffecttothe safety operation and type oflift? • is a retrofitof UCM due toplannedmodernisationnecessary? Asansör Istanbul 04.-07. April 2013

  26. EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany 2. Step for Implementation of UCM in existing lifts Search for possible technical UCM solutions / Feasibility study Detection stopping keep stopped brakingelementstart a reductionofspeed speed response time of UCM detection response time ofbrakingelements time • existingcomponentscanbeused? • type examinationregarding UCM forexistingcomponentsavailable? • useofothercertifiedcomponentsfor „detection - stopping - keepstopped“? • useofcertifiedcompletesystemagainst UCM possible? • Combinationofcertified and non-certifiedcomponentspossible / necessary? Asansör Istanbul 04.-07. April 2013

  27. EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany 2. Step for Implementation of UCM in existing lifts Search for possible technical UCM solutions / Feasibility study a) use of certified components Advantage Disadvantage • several individual componentsfor “detection, stopping and keep stopped” • Calculation of the complete system necessary, • several description of interfaces, connection to controller, • Installer has to describe the instruction for use for the complete system, • Installer has to describe the test instructions for the complete system, • certified component • Distance of the component in the UCM case known, • Instruction for use from owner of certificate, • Test procedure from owner of certificate Asansör Istanbul 04.-07. April 2013

  28. EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany 2. Step for Implementation of UCM in existing lifts Search for possible technical UCM solutions / Feasibility study b) use of non certified components Advantage Disadvantage • Type examination (EN81-1/2+A3; Annex F.8) for complete system necessary (not only for component) • Calculation of the complete system necessary, • Installer has to describe the instruction for use for the complete system, • Installer has to describe the test instructions for the complete system, • No change of component • … Asansör Istanbul 04.-07. April 2013

  29. EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany 2. Step for Implementation of UCM in existing lifts Search for possible technical UCM solutions / Feasibility study c) use of certified complete system against UCM Advantage Disadvantage • Certified system for “detection, stopping and keep stopped” • Calculation of the complete system done by owner of certificate, • Instruction for use for the complete system done by owner of certificate, • test instructions for the complete system done by owner of certificate, • one interface to controller • … Asansör Istanbul 04.-07. April 2013

  30. EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany 2. Step for Implementation of UCM in existing lifts Search for possible technical UCM solutions / Feasibility study Decision: • Technical implementation • Replacement of components • possibly certification of used components • with proof of the stopping distance in accordance with EN 81-1/2 + A3, section F. 8 with calculation • Description of whole UCM System • Operating instructions • Test instruction • Costs • Time Asansör Istanbul 04.-07. April 2013

  31. EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany 3. Step for Implementation of UCM in existing lifts Experience with Modernisation 2. Modernisation 1. Modernisation 3. Modernisation • certified UCM System: • Safety Gear, • Overspeed Governor, • Electronic Interface • UCM certified: • Overspeed Governor, • Electronic Interface • certified UCM System: • Gearless Brake, • Overspeed Governor, • Electronic Interface • Non certified gearless brake Results ? Asansör Istanbul 04.-07. April 2013

  32. EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany 3. Step for Implementation of UCM in existing lifts Experience with 1. Modernisation measured Values under calculated values Inspectionbynotifiedbody Practical check ofthecalculated UCM stoppingdistances. • certified UCM System: • Safety Gear, • Overspeed Governor, • Electronic Interface • UCM calculation and distance given in instruction for use Asansör Istanbul 04.-07. April 2013

  33. EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany 3. Step for Implementation of UCM in existing lifts Experience with 2. Modernisation measured Values under calculated values Inspectionbynotifiedbody Practical check ofthecalculated UCM stoppingdistances. • certified UCM System: • Gearless Brake, • Overspeed Governor, • Electronic Interface • UCM distances calculated Stoppingdistance: 0,557m Asansör Istanbul 04.-07. April 2013

  34. EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany 3. Step for Implementation of UCM in existing lifts Experience with 3. Modernisation measured Values within allowed Type examinationofcomplete UCM System forthesespecificlift bynotifiedbody Test procedureacc. EN 81-1/2+A3; F.8 • certified UCM System: • Overspeed Governor, • Electronic Interface • + non certified gearless brake • UCM distances calculated • from owner of certificate Full down 0,62m emptyup Asansör Istanbul 04.-07. April 2013

  35. EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany Example for Implementation of UCM in existing lifts Inspection through Notified Body Asansör Istanbul 04.-07. April 2013

  36. EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany Summary and Future Prospects Revision of Lift Directive 95/16/EC Expected changes New safety devices for UCM protection in Annex III (previous IV) In the existing draft is no difference between “with opened doors or with closed doors”! New EU-type examinations also for safety devices against UCM? • Publication by EU → second half of 2013 • Withdrawal of LD 95/16/EC → second half of 2015 • Transition period: → 2 Years Asansör Istanbul 04.-07. April 2013 EU-

  37. EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany Summary and Future Prospects Revision of EN 81-1/2 New EN 81-20/50 Requirement acc. safety devices against UCM, chapter 5.6.7 of EN 81-20 and 5.8 of EN 81-50 Type examination for UCM protection necessary • Final version publication → Jun. 2014 • Harmonisation under Lift Directive → Oct. 2014 • Transition period 3 years → Jun. 2017 Asansör Istanbul 04.-07. April 2013

  38. EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany Thank you for your time and attention Wolfgang Adldinger WITTUR Chairman – Components Committee European Lift Association ( ELA ) Asansör Istanbul 04.-07. April 2013