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Australian Defence Force Satellite Communications

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  1. Chief Information Officer Group Australian Defence Force Satellite Communications Captain Vaughn Rixon, RAN – Director ICT Capability Coordination

  2. Scope ADF SATCOM Roles ADF Use of SATCOM SATCOM Capability Construct SATCOM Capability – Today SATCOM Capability – Tomorrow Future Challenges

  3. ADF SATCOM Broad Roles CIOG = Chief Information Officer Group CDG = Capability Development Group DMO = Defence Materiel Organisation Services = Navy, Air Force and Army

  4. ADF Use of SATCOM Operational Environment Characterised by concurrent operations, in dispersed locations, with a requirement for extension of Defence networks/voice services from the strategic environment into the operational and tactical domains SATCOM provides independent communications means Operations can not rely solely on terrestrial connectivity – may be compromised or not available Users may not be within line-of-sight, or in terrain constrained environment (urban, mountainous regions) SATCOM can achieve long distance connectivity (trunking) and netted communications Accordingly, cardinal requirements of coverage, capacity and connectivity endure

  5. Capability Construct

  6. Coverage Ongoing operational requirement for ‘Two Ocean Presence’ (Indian and Pacific) ADF’s Primary Operational Area (White Paper) Australian Coverage Area of 30°E to 170°W (WGS MOU) Contingency requirement for Rest of World coverage Capacity Increasing demand for bandwidth (new capabilities being introduced) New platforms, high data rate ISR streams, increased demand at HQ Current predictions suggest capacity requirements can be met; however, regular Information Exchange Requirements (IER) analysis is essential. Connectivity Extending strategic information networks into the operational arena Increasing use of coalition networks Growing need for netted communications SATCOM Cardinal Requirements – The Ends

  7. Zone 3 West Zone 2 West Zone 2 East Zone 3 East Zone 1 Capacity SATCOM Cardinal Requirements – The Ends

  8. Space Segment Need for wideband and narrowband SATCOM remains extant Wideband primarily for long-haul communications supporting larger semi-static formations Narrowband primarily for mobile, tactical users with strategic and netted links Expect increased mobile wideband access as small wideband dishes are introduced Aim to converge on military systems and spectrum (WGS / DPS / IS-22) Commercial SATCOM will continue to be required for alternate means, surge or where military spectrum can not be used Terminal Segment Classified as either platform-based, transportable or anchor terminals Platform-based are the responsibility of the project introducing the major capability Significant change to Defence’s transportable terminals out to 2016 to facilitate the convergence on MILSATCOM (military spectrum and systems) Likewise, major changes to Defence’s anchoring architecture to accommodate WGS, IS-22, TDMA, IW Current Capability – The Ways

  9. Control Segment Defined as platform (satellite) monitoring and control (M&C) or transmissions and payload M&C Platform (station keeping, sub-system health monitoring) Defence not directly involved in platform M&C of bus WGS M&C is through US MILSATCOM architecture. DPS and IS-22 M&C is included in commercial contracts Payload (circuit configuration, traffic monitoring) Defence maintains M&C on DPS WGS influenced through close liaison with all agencies in the US architecture IS-22 and others through coordination with the commercial provider Network Segment Provides the interfaces to the strategic networks and connectivity between anchor and control sites The most significant change to the network segment in the near future will be convergence on IP switching Current Capability – The Ways

  10. Space and Anchor Segment Capability - Today • Military Wideband • Optus C1 (X and Ka) • SGS-H • WGS 1-4 (X and Ka) • IAS East and West • OSA • Bi-lat MOUs • Military Narrowband • Optus C1 • NCS East and West (DAMA) • IS-22 • NCS West and North (DAMA) • AUS/USA MOU • Commercial Wideband • Optus D1 (Ku) • Defence owned and operated anchors • NSS-6 (Ku) • Combo Defence owned and leased • IS-906 (C) • Leased anchor • Commercial Narrowband • Iridium (Voice) • Inmarsat (Legacy) • Optus B3 (Voice and BFT)

  11. Space and Anchor Segment Capability - Tomorrow • Military Wideband • Optus C1 (X and Ka) • SGS-H and SGS-W • WGS 1-6 (X and Ka) • SGS-E and SGS-W • OSA • Bi-lat MOUs • Military Narrowband • Optus C1 • NCS PER and CBR (IW) • IS-22 • NCS PER and DWN (IW) • AUS/USA MOU • Commercial Narrowband • Iridium (New applications) • Inmarsat (IP) • Commercial Wideband • Gateway Xpress? • Managed services

  12. Future Challenges Enhanced UHF SATCOM Capability (JP2008 PH5A and AUS/US UHF MOU) AT&E/OT&E Coordinating change to control segment Combined operations with US Changes to Australian Wideband anchoring Interim anchoring (WGS) SGS(W) SGS(E) Introduction of new SATCOM terminals and platforms New technologies (IW, TDMA, IP) New capabilities – Protected SATCOM, DTCS, L-Band TACSAT Maintaining GEO orbit slots (IOR and POR) Sustaining the SATCOM Capability (WGS follow-on)

  13. Questions

  14. JP 2008 – Wideband Military SATCOM Strategic Network Infrastructure Ph 4 WGS Ph 3D Ph 4 Ph 4 OPTUS C1 Ph 5B2 DNOC Network Management Ph 3F Ph 5B2 Pre -2nd Pass SGS-W SGS-E Ph 3F Post -2nd Pass SGS-HAR Tactical Network Infrastructure Ph 3E Ph 3H Ph 5B1 Initial Tranche of Land Terminals MASTIS Remainder of Land Terminals