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A.P. European History: . The History of Russia. The History of Russia. A.P. European History: . A.P. European History: . Ivan the Terrible Conquers Tatar Chanates of Kazan and Astrakhan. A.P. European History: . A.P. European History: . Michael Romanov End Time of Trouble.

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A p european history

A.P. European History:

The History of Russia

The History of Russia



A p european history

A.P. European History:

  • Ivan the Terrible

  • Conquers Tatar Chanates of Kazan and Astrakhan



A p european history

A.P. European History:

  • Michael Romanov

  • End Time of Trouble


A p european history

A.P. European History:

  • Peter the Great

  • Westernization

  • Great Northern War

  • St. Petersburg “Window to the West”



A p european history

A.P. European History: Russian History

  • Catherine the Great

  • EnlightenedPartition of Poland

  • Seized lands from the Ottomans

  • Pugachev Revolt.

19th Century Russia


A p european history

A.P. European History: Russian History

  • Alexander I

  • Social Reforms, allowed serfs to buy freedom.

  • Constitution

19th Century Russia


A p european history

A.P. European History: Russian History

  • Absolutist state - Tsar and the nobles.

  • Society of serfdom.

  • Multinational Empire.

  • Liberal ideas filtering in.

  • Poor showing the Crimean War.

19th Century Russia

19th Century Russia



A p european history

A.P. European History: Russian History

Nicholas I (1825-1855)


A p european history

Alexander Pushkin(1799 - 1837)

  • Mother exiled two serfs.

  • Attacked serfdom in his short stories.


A p european history

A.P. European History: Russian History

  • Emancipation for the serfs (April 5, 1861).

“You know yourselves that the existing order cannot remain unchanged. It is better to abolish serfdom from above than to wait until serfs begin to liberate themselves from below”Alexander II

Liberal Tsar


A p european history

A.P. European History: Russian History

  • Emancipation for the serfs (April 5, 1861).

Emancipation of 1861


A p european history

A.P. European History: Russian History

Russo – Turkish War 1877 - 1878


A p european history

A.P. European History: Russian History

  • Issues:

    • Revolts in Bosnia and Bulgaria against Turks.

  • Actions:

    • Russian victory at Plevna, and inability to attack Constantinople

  • Results:

    • Treaty of San Stefano / Congress of Berlin

Russo – Turkish War 1877 - 1878


A p european history

A.P. European History: Russian History

  • Austria would administer over Bosnia-Herzegovina.

  • Slavs dominated the population.

  • Russia was viewed as the protector of the slavs.

Impact of San Stefano


A p european history

A.P. European History: Russian History

  • Emancipated wanted more liberalism.

  • “The People’s Will” assassinated the Tsar in March 1881.

  • End of liberalism.

Assassination of Alexander II


A p european history

A.P. European History: Russian History

  • 1881 - 1894

  • Created the Secret Police (Okhrana).

  • Pan-Slavism.

  • Pogroms

  • Russification

Alexander III


A p european history

A.P. European History: Russian History

  • Japan Defeats Russia

Liberty, Equality, Fraternity

Russo – Japanese War


A p european history

Medaille Accel Program: History 251 X Class 1

  • Policy in the Balkans.

  • Pan-Slavism

  • Support of Serbia.

Liberty, Equality, Fraternity

World War I and

Russian Foreign Policy


A p european history

A.P European History: Russian History

  • Causes

  • Rid Autocracy

  • Peasant need for land.

  • Nationalities wanted to end discrimination.

October Revolution 1917


A p european history

A.P. European History: Russian History

Liberty, Equality, Fraternity

March 17, 1917 Czar Nicholas II Abdicates.


A p european history

A.P European History: Russian History

  • Headed by Alexander Kerensky

  • Continued to fight the war.

  • Unable to provide the cities with food.

  • Refused land seizures for peasants.

The Provisional Government


A p european history

A.P European History: Russian History

The Kornilov Affair


A p european history

A.P. European History: Russian History

  • Members of the Communist Party seeking the overthrow of the government and the destruction of Capitalism.

The October Revolution 1917


A p european history

A.P. European History: Russian History

  • Led by Vladimir Lenin and Leon Trotsky “

  • Land, Bread and Peace

  • Lenin accepts the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk.

Bolsheviks


A p european history

A.P. European History: Russian History

  • Whites vs. Reds

  • Treaty of Brest - Litovsk

Liberty, Equality, Fraternity

The Russian Civil War

1918 - 1920


A p european history

A.P. European History: Russian History

  • Lenin’s Death in 1924 Ignites a Power Struggle

  • Stalin defeats Trotsky for control of the Communist Party

Russia Without Lenin


A p european history

A.P. European History: Russian History

  • 1928 Five Year Plans / Central Economic Planning

  • 1936 – 38 Purges

  • Expand Heavy Industry.

  • Eliminate Capitalism.

Russia Under Stalin


A p european history

A.P. European History: Russian History

1939 Russo-German

non-aggression pact


A p european history

A.P. European History: Russian History


A p european history

A.P. European History: Russian History