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The Industrial Revolution. 1700-1914. Living From the Land Industrial Revolution: A Harsh Way of Life Pre-Industrial Revolution Farming = Death Rate – London – Conditions written about in the stories and novels of Village Life Wealthy control Results = 1) 2) Joint crops

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slide1

The Industrial Revolution

1700-1914

  • Living From the Land
    • Industrial Revolution:
  • A Harsh Way of Life
    • Pre-Industrial Revolution
      • Farming =
    • Death Rate –
    • London –
      • Conditions written about in the stories and novels of
  • Village Life
    • Wealthy control
      • Results =
        • 1)
        • 2)
    • Joint crops
    • No fences =
      • Graze livestock
  • Village Life (cont.)
    • Self-sufficiency
    • Rich landowners –
    • Poorer villagers
    • Center of life =
      • Whole family contributed

Draw here a typical farming community in pre-Industrial Revolution Europe:

slide2

The Industrial Revolution

1700-1914

  • Early Industries
    • Making wool in the
      • Merchant buys
    • Mining coal
      • Coal fields =
      • Labor =
      • Money from mining
  • The Beginnings of Change
    • Landowners want to
      • -
    • Enclosure Movement =
      • Allows landowners to:

Draw a crop rotation diagram here:

Draw a diagram for the “cottage industry” (or domestic system” here:

slide3

The Industrial Revolution

1700-1914

  • Great Britain Leads the Way
    • Success in farming =
    • Capital =
    • Parliament passes laws to
    • Natural resources
    • Weather –
      • Good for
    • Iron
    • Better farming =
    • Farm machinery –
    • Entrepreneurs =
  • Growing Textile Industries
    • Advances in machinery
      • John Kay =
      • James Hargreaves =
      • Richard Awkright =
      • Samuel Compton =
    • Producing more cloth
      • Edmund Cartwright =
      • Eli Whitney =
        • Invention of
  • The Factory System
    • Cloth production
    • More sources of energy need to run factories
      • James Watt =
      • Set Industrial Revolution in
slide4

The Industrial Revolution

1700-1914

  • Industrial Developments
    • Henry Bessemer and William Kelly =
    • Improvements to
      • Thomas Telford and John McAdam =
    • Canals
    • Robert Fulton =
    • Richard Trevithick =
  • The Growth of Big Business
    • Adam Smith
      • Free enterprise =
      • Industrial capitalism =
    • Mass Production
      • Eli Whitney =
      • Frederick Taylor =
      • Henry Ford =
    • Organizing Business
      • Partnerships
      • Corporations
        • Stockholders and shares
        • Became
  • Spread of Industry
    • Great Britain –
    • Industrialization spreads to
    • France –
      • Why? =
    • Germany =
    • United States
      • Where?
    • Three most industrialized nations =
slide5

The Industrial Revolution

1700-1914

  • Science and Industry
    • Communications
      • Samuel Morse =
      • James Clerk Maxwell =
      • Guglielmo Marconi =
      • Alexander Graham Bell =
    • Electricity
      • Thomas Edison =
    • Energy and Engines
      • Gottlieb Daimler =
      • Rudolf Diesel =
      • Ferdinand von Zeppelin =
      • Wilbur and Orville Wright =
  • A New Society
    • The Rise of the Middle Class
      • Before industrialization:
      • After industrialization:
      • Education =
      • Middle class lifestyles –
        • Men =
        • Women =
          • Magazines
        • Boys =
        • Girls =
slide6

The Industrial Revolution

1700-1914

  • Lives of the Working Class
    • At the mercy of machinery
      • Division of labor -
      • Lost limbs
      • Rigid schedules –
      • Very low wages
    • Workers lives
      • Children –
      • Women –
      • Cold, crowded
        • Poor hygiene –
      • High infant
  • Lives of the Working Class
    • Workers unite
      • Labor unions –
    • Union tactics
      • Stikes,
      • Opposition from
      • Parliament –
      • 1820’s –
      • Collective bargaining =
      • Membership continued