The Industrial Revolution By: Ms. Susan M. PojerHorace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY With technological improvements invented by ME!
My PowerPoint Mentor… My Technological Equal… My true best friend (whom I’ve never nor will ever meet)… The one who I thought was the greatest APEH teacher on the earth… HAS shown her true DARK side… This could be the END of the relationship that she never knew existed! OHH…THE HORROR…. OHH…THE HUMANITY… We could have a MAJOR problem...I made a LIFE CHANGING DISCOVERY!
Why Did Industrialization Begin in England First?
Industrial England: "Workshop of the World" That Nation of Shopkeepers! -- Napoleon Bonaparte
“Enclosed” Lands Today What natural resources did Britain have that aided the I.R.?
Metals, Woolens, & Canals A strong economy, an improving infrastructure, and new technologies working with textiles & coal helped Britain take the lead in the Industrial Revolution.
Early Canals Britain’s Earliest Transportation Infrastructure
Mine & Forge [1840-1880] • More powerful than water is coal. • More powerful than wood is iron. • Innovations make steel feasible. • “Puddling”  – “pig iron.” • “Hot blast”  – cheaper, purer steel. • Bessemer process  – strong, flexible steel.
Young Coal Miners • By 1842, 1/3 of the underground work force of coal mines was under the age of 18. • In 1851 children and youth (under 20) comprised 30% of the total population of coal miners in Great Britain
Child Labor in the Mines Child “hurriers” Putters & Drivers
Michael Sadler-member of the house of commons who was concerned with condition of working children. Was chairman of a parlimentary committee to enquire about child labor practices. Committee interviewed 89 witnesses & report was published in 1833. Child Labor-The Sadler Report
Richard Arkwright:“Pioneer of the Factory System” The “Water Frame”
Factory Production • Concentrates production in oneplace [materials, labor]. • Located near sources of power [rather than labor or markets]. • Requires a lot of capital investment[factory, machines, etc.] morethan skilled labor. • Only 10% of English industry in 1850.
The Factory System • Rigid schedule. • 12-14 hour day. • Dangerous conditions. • Mind-numbing monotony.
New Inventions of the Industrial Revolution
Crystal Palace Exhibition: 1851 Exhibitions of the new industrial utopia.
The "Haves": Bourgeois Life Thrived on the Luxuries of the Industrial Revolution
The "Have-Nots": The Poor, The Over-Worked, & the Destitute
Problems of Polution The Silent Highwayman - 1858