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The Industrial Revolution PowerPoint Presentation
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The Industrial Revolution

The Industrial Revolution

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The Industrial Revolution

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  1. The Industrial Revolution By: Ms. Susan M. PojerHorace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY With technological improvements invented by ME!

  2. My PowerPoint Mentor… My Technological Equal… My true best friend (whom I’ve never nor will ever meet)… The one who I thought was the greatest APEH teacher on the earth… HAS shown her true DARK side… This could be the END of the relationship that she never knew existed! OHH…THE HORROR…. OHH…THE HUMANITY… We could have a MAJOR problem...I made a LIFE CHANGING DISCOVERY!

  3. Why Did Industrialization Begin in England First?

  4. Industrial England: "Workshop of the World" That Nation of Shopkeepers! -- Napoleon Bonaparte

  5. The Enclosure Movement

  6. “Enclosed” Lands Today What natural resources did Britain have that aided the I.R.?

  7. Metals, Woolens, & Canals A strong economy, an improving infrastructure, and new technologies working with textiles & coal helped Britain take the lead in the Industrial Revolution.

  8. Early Canals Britain’s Earliest Transportation Infrastructure

  9. Mine & Forge [1840-1880] • More powerful than water is coal. • More powerful than wood is iron. • Innovations make steel feasible. • “Puddling” [1820] – “pig iron.” • “Hot blast” [1829] – cheaper, purer steel. • Bessemer process [1856] – strong, flexible steel.

  10. Coalfields & Industrial Areas

  11. Coal Mining in Britain:1800-1914

  12. Young Coal Miners • By 1842, 1/3 of the underground work force of coal mines was under the age of 18. • In 1851 children and youth (under 20) comprised 30% of the total population of coal miners in Great Britain

  13. Child Labor in the Mines Child “hurriers” Putters & Drivers

  14. Michael Sadler-member of the house of commons who was concerned with condition of working children. Was chairman of a parlimentary committee to enquire about child labor practices. Committee interviewed 89 witnesses & report was published in 1833. Child Labor-The Sadler Report

  15. Testimonials

  16. British Pig Iron Production

  17. Richard Arkwright:“Pioneer of the Factory System” The “Water Frame”

  18. Factory Production • Concentrates production in oneplace [materials, labor]. • Located near sources of power [rather than labor or markets]. • Requires a lot of capital investment[factory, machines, etc.] morethan skilled labor. • Only 10% of English industry in 1850.

  19. Textile FactoryWorkers in England

  20. The Factory System • Rigid schedule. • 12-14 hour day. • Dangerous conditions. • Mind-numbing monotony.

  21. Textile FactoryWorkers in England

  22. British Coin Portraying a Factory, 1812

  23. Young “Bobbin-Doffers”

  24. Jacquard’s Loom

  25. New Inventions of the Industrial Revolution

  26. John Kay’s “Flying Shuttle”

  27. The Power Loom

  28. James Watt’s Steam Engine

  29. Steam Tractor

  30. Steam Ship

  31. An Early Steam Locomotive

  32. Later Locomotives

  33. The Impact of the Railroad

  34. “The Great Land Serpent”

  35. Crystal Palace Exhibition: 1851 Exhibitions of the new industrial utopia.

  36. Crystal Palace: Interior Exhibits

  37. Crystal Palace:British Ingenuity on Display

  38. Crystal Palace:American Pavilion

  39. The "Haves": Bourgeois Life Thrived on the Luxuries of the Industrial Revolution

  40. 19c Bourgeoisie: The Industrial Nouveau Riche

  41. Criticism of the New Bourgeoisie

  42. Stereotype of the Factory Owner

  43. “Upstairs”/“Downstairs” Life

  44. The "Have-Nots": The Poor, The Over-Worked, & the Destitute

  45. Factory Wages in Lancashire, 1830

  46. Industrial Staffordshire

  47. Problems of Polution The Silent Highwayman - 1858

  48. The New Industrial City

  49. Early-19c Londonby Gustave Dore

  50. Worker Housing in Manchester