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Chapter 3 . The World’s People. Understanding Culture. What is Culture? Culture - is the way of life of people who share similar beliefs and customs. Understanding Cultur e. There are 8 traits in which you can divide a culture. Social groups Language Religion Daily Life History Arts

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chapter 3

Chapter 3

The World’s People

understanding culture
Understanding Culture
  • What is Culture?
  • Culture - is the way of life of people who share similar beliefs and customs.
understanding cultur e
Understanding Culture
  • There are 8 traits in which you can divide a culture.
    • Social groups
    • Language
    • Religion
    • Daily Life
    • History
    • Arts
    • Government
    • Economy
social groups
Social Groups
  • Social Group – the different groups of people in a society.
    • Rich Middle Class
    • Poor Age
    • Roles of men and Women

Ethnic Group: a group of people who share a common history, language, religion, and physical features.

social groups1
Social Groups
  • Majority Groups – group of people in a society that control most of the wealth and power
  • Minority Group – group of people in a society is the group of people which have a different race or ethnicity than the majority group.
  • Use your book and find what are the majority, and minority groups in the United States.
  • Majority Groups : Caucasian
  • Minority Groups: African Americans and Hispanic Americans.
  • Language is one of the strongest unifying forces for a culture.
  • Dialect – a local form of a language that differs from the same language in other areas.
    • Schuylkill County has a dialect.
    • CoalSpeak: Dictionary of the Coal Region
  • Use your book to find other examples of dialect.
    • Northeast – soda
    • Midwest – pop
  • Religion helps people answer basic questions about life and its meaning.
  • Many types of religions around the world. Some of the most common are:
    • Buddhism
    • Christianity
    • Hinduism
    • Islam
    • Judaism
types of religion
Types of Religion
  • Buddhism – Belief in the Eightfold Path- rules that lead to a life of morality, wisdom, and good thought.
  • Nirvana – State of Bliss – achieved when you follow the eightfold path.
  • Leader – Buddha
  • 365 million followers or 6% of the world’s population.
  • Buddhism is the 4th largest religion in the world.
  • Started in India spread into Sri Lanka and then across Asia.
  • Christians believe that Jesus the son of God was sent to Earth died on the cross to save humanity.
  • Having faith in Jesus, you will have eternal life in heaven.
  • Leader is Jesus Christ - monotheistic
  • 2.1 Billion people in the world are Christian
  • About 75% of all American adults consider themselves Christian.
types of christianity
Types of Christianity
  • Catholic
  • Protestant
  • Lutheran
  • Methodist
  • Reincarnation -after death the soul is reborn in another form. (person, animal, vegetable)
  • Karma – spiritual force resulting from action in the past lives. Karma determines what a persons soul will be reborn as.
  • Polytheistic – more than one God. The 3 main Gods are Brahma, Vishnu and Siva
  • Leader - Unknown
  • About 900 million people.
  • 3rd largest religion in the world
  • Originated in India
  • Shastras – book of their spiritual laws
  • Followers are known as Muslims
  • Monotheistic – 1 God – Allah
  • Follow the Quran
  • Muhammad – prophet that said the Quran was revealed to him by Allah
  • 5 Pillars of Faith –take you to eternal paradise
    • Belief Fasting
    • Charity Prayer
    • Pilgrimage
  • 1.5 billion people
  • 2nd largest religion in the world.
  • Islam – means submission
  • Origin Saudi Arabia
  • Monotheistic- 1 God – Yahweh
  • Believe they will have peace with each other and God if they follow God’s laws.
  • Torah- first 5 books of the Hebrew Bible.
  • Leader – Abraham
  • About 14 million people are Jewish
  • Hannukah- commemorates the Jews struggle for religious freedom
  • 8 Days long – because after the victory, the menorah was lit for eight days when they thought it would only last for one.
  • Menorah – 8 candles.
  • Celebrates the Maccabees victory over the Syrian Greeks
religions of the world
Religions of the World
daily life
Daily Life
  • The things that we eat, say and do everyday as part of our lives.
  • Many of these traditions have originated in other parts of the world.
    • Eating pizza, tacos, yogurt, egg rolls.
    • Eating with silverware, fingers, chopsticks
    • Clothing that we wear.
  • The things in the past that we remember as a significant part of our daily lives.
    • Holidays – 4th of July, Cinco de Mayo, Veterans Day
    • Time periods – World War II, Civil War, Enlightenment
    • People – George Washington, Queen Elizabeth, Napolean
  • An expression of feelings, time periods.
    • Pictures
    • Sculptures
    • Literature
    • Dance
    • Architecture
    • Music
  • Rule or laws that people live by in a country
  • Limited Governments – all people must live by the written law of the land
    • Constitution
    • Statement of Rights
    • Unlimited Governments – rulers have powers that are not limited by laws.
    • Hitler
  • Democracy - form of limited government where power rests with the people of the nation.
  • Dictatorship – Unlimited government where rulers rely on the police and military to take power by force.
  • Monarchy – kings and queens are born into a ruling family. (Until about 1600 absolute monarchy unlimited power however now, most countries use a constitutional monarch which is limited. )
types of government
Types of Government
  • Direct Democracy
  • Representative Democracy
  • Absolute Monarchy
  • Dictatorship
direct democracy
Direct Democracy
  • All citizens vote directly on issues.
  • What countries have a direct democracy?
    • Switzerland
    • New England towns
representative democracy
Representative Democracy
  • People vote for representatives who lead the country and make laws.
  • What countries have a Representative Democracy?
    • United States
    • Russia
    • France
representative democracy1
Representative Democracy
  • The majority rules in a democracy
  • People vote for who they feel is the best representative. Once chosen, the representative is responsible for getting the people what they want.
    • Presidential Election- people are voting on who is the best person to lead the country.
constitutional monarchy
Constitutional Monarchy
  • Monarch inherits the right to rule however they have limited powers.
  • What countries have a constitutional monarchy
    • United Kingdom
    • Japan
    • Sweden
    • Jordan
absolute monarchy
Absolute Monarchy
  • Inherits the right to rule, however they have limited power.
  • What countries have an absolute monarch?
    • Saudi Arabia
  • Makes all laws and suppresses any opposition
    • Hitler- Germany
    • Stalin – Soviet Union

What countries have a dictatorship?

Cuba -

Iraq – Under Saddam Hussein

  • How the people in a society earn a living.
  • Deals with the money of a country
    • Farming
    • Manufacturing
    • Services
types of economies
Types of Economies
  • Traditional
  • Command
  • Market
  • Mixed
traditional economy
Traditional Economy
  • Customs and traditions determine what and how to produce. Resources are usually shared. Passed down from generation to generation.
  • Bartering or exchanging is used
    • Inuits – Canada
    • Parts of Africa and South America
command economy
Command Economy
  • Government owns resources and controls production, prices, and wages.
  • “Communism” refers to Command Economies
    • China
    • North Korea
    • Former USSR
market economy
Market Economy
  • Individuals own resources and determine what and how to produce.
  • Supply and Demand policy – prices and wages are set based on the producers supply, and the consumer demand.
  • Also Known as consumer economics.
    • United States
  • Individuals own most resources and determine what and how to produce
  • Government can regulate some industries
    • Almost all nations have this form of economics including the United States.
government vs economy
Government vs. Economy



The jobs and money matters of a country. How the people of a country make a living.

  • Laws that are used to control and regulate a country
cultural change
Cultural Change
  • Cultures do not remain the same
  • Cultural Diffusion - spreading new knowledge and skills to other cultures.
  • What are causes of cultural diffusion?
    • Television
    • Movies
    • Internet
  • Civilizations: a highly developed culture
  • Culture Region: countries that have traits in common.