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Chapter 3 . The World’s People. Understanding Culture. What is Culture? Culture - is the way of life of people who share similar beliefs and customs. Understanding Cultur e. There are 8 traits in which you can divide a culture. Social groups Language Religion Daily Life History Arts

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Chapter 3

Chapter 3

The World’s People


Understanding culture
Understanding Culture

  • What is Culture?

  • Culture - is the way of life of people who share similar beliefs and customs.


Understanding cultur e
Understanding Culture

  • There are 8 traits in which you can divide a culture.

    • Social groups

    • Language

    • Religion

    • Daily Life

    • History

    • Arts

    • Government

    • Economy


Social groups
Social Groups

  • Social Group – the different groups of people in a society.

    • Rich Middle Class

    • Poor Age

    • Roles of men and Women

      Ethnic Group: a group of people who share a common history, language, religion, and physical features.


Social groups1
Social Groups

  • Majority Groups – group of people in a society that control most of the wealth and power

  • Minority Group – group of people in a society is the group of people which have a different race or ethnicity than the majority group.


Question
Question

  • Use your book and find what are the majority, and minority groups in the United States.

  • Majority Groups : Caucasian

  • Minority Groups: African Americans and Hispanic Americans.


Language
Language

  • Language is one of the strongest unifying forces for a culture.

  • Dialect – a local form of a language that differs from the same language in other areas.

    • Schuylkill County has a dialect.

    • CoalSpeak: Dictionary of the Coal Region


Question1
Question

  • Use your book to find other examples of dialect.

    • Northeast – soda

    • Midwest – pop


Religion
Religion

  • Religion helps people answer basic questions about life and its meaning.

  • Many types of religions around the world. Some of the most common are:

    • Buddhism

    • Christianity

    • Hinduism

    • Islam

    • Judaism


Types of religion
Types of Religion

  • Buddhism – Belief in the Eightfold Path- rules that lead to a life of morality, wisdom, and good thought.

  • Nirvana – State of Bliss – achieved when you follow the eightfold path.

  • Leader – Buddha


Buddhism
Buddhism

  • 365 million followers or 6% of the world’s population.

  • Buddhism is the 4th largest religion in the world.

  • Started in India spread into Sri Lanka and then across Asia.



Christianity
Christianity

  • Christians believe that Jesus the son of God was sent to Earth died on the cross to save humanity.

  • Having faith in Jesus, you will have eternal life in heaven.

  • Leader is Jesus Christ - monotheistic

  • 2.1 Billion people in the world are Christian

  • About 75% of all American adults consider themselves Christian.


Types of christianity
Types of Christianity

  • Catholic

  • Protestant

  • Lutheran

  • Methodist



Hinduism
Hinduism

  • Reincarnation -after death the soul is reborn in another form. (person, animal, vegetable)

  • Karma – spiritual force resulting from action in the past lives. Karma determines what a persons soul will be reborn as.

  • Polytheistic – more than one God. The 3 main Gods are Brahma, Vishnu and Siva

  • Leader - Unknown


Hinduism1
Hinduism

  • About 900 million people.

  • 3rd largest religion in the world

  • Originated in India

  • Shastras – book of their spiritual laws



Islam
Islam

  • Followers are known as Muslims

  • Monotheistic – 1 God – Allah

  • Follow the Quran

  • Muhammad – prophet that said the Quran was revealed to him by Allah

  • 5 Pillars of Faith –take you to eternal paradise

    • Belief Fasting

    • Charity Prayer

    • Pilgrimage


Islam1
Islam

  • 1.5 billion people

  • 2nd largest religion in the world.

  • Islam – means submission

  • Origin Saudi Arabia



Judaism
Judaism

  • Monotheistic- 1 God – Yahweh

  • Believe they will have peace with each other and God if they follow God’s laws.

  • Torah- first 5 books of the Hebrew Bible.

  • Leader – Abraham

  • About 14 million people are Jewish


Judaism1
Judaism

  • Hannukah- commemorates the Jews struggle for religious freedom

  • 8 Days long – because after the victory, the menorah was lit for eight days when they thought it would only last for one.

  • Menorah – 8 candles.

  • Celebrates the Maccabees victory over the Syrian Greeks



Religions of the world
Religions of the World

  • http://www.adherents.com/Religions_By_Adherents.html


Daily life
Daily Life

  • The things that we eat, say and do everyday as part of our lives.

  • Many of these traditions have originated in other parts of the world.

    • Eating pizza, tacos, yogurt, egg rolls.

    • Eating with silverware, fingers, chopsticks

    • Clothing that we wear.


History
History

  • The things in the past that we remember as a significant part of our daily lives.

    • Holidays – 4th of July, Cinco de Mayo, Veterans Day

    • Time periods – World War II, Civil War, Enlightenment

    • People – George Washington, Queen Elizabeth, Napolean


Chapter 3
Arts

  • An expression of feelings, time periods.

    • Pictures

    • Sculptures

    • Literature

    • Dance

    • Architecture

    • Music


Government
Government

  • Rule or laws that people live by in a country

  • Limited Governments – all people must live by the written law of the land

    • Constitution

    • Statement of Rights

    • Unlimited Governments – rulers have powers that are not limited by laws.

    • Hitler


Government1
Government

  • Democracy - form of limited government where power rests with the people of the nation.

  • Dictatorship – Unlimited government where rulers rely on the police and military to take power by force.

  • Monarchy – kings and queens are born into a ruling family. (Until about 1600 absolute monarchy unlimited power however now, most countries use a constitutional monarch which is limited. )


Types of government
Types of Government

  • Direct Democracy

  • Representative Democracy

  • Absolute Monarchy

  • Dictatorship


Direct democracy
Direct Democracy

  • All citizens vote directly on issues.

  • What countries have a direct democracy?

    • Switzerland

    • New England towns


Representative democracy
Representative Democracy

  • People vote for representatives who lead the country and make laws.

  • What countries have a Representative Democracy?

    • United States

    • Russia

    • France


Representative democracy1
Representative Democracy

  • The majority rules in a democracy

  • People vote for who they feel is the best representative. Once chosen, the representative is responsible for getting the people what they want.

    • Presidential Election- people are voting on who is the best person to lead the country.


Constitutional monarchy
Constitutional Monarchy

  • Monarch inherits the right to rule however they have limited powers.

  • What countries have a constitutional monarchy

    • United Kingdom

    • Japan

    • Sweden

    • Jordan


Absolute monarchy
Absolute Monarchy

  • Inherits the right to rule, however they have limited power.

  • What countries have an absolute monarch?

    • Saudi Arabia


Dictatorship
Dictatorship

  • Makes all laws and suppresses any opposition

    • Hitler- Germany

    • Stalin – Soviet Union

      What countries have a dictatorship?

      Cuba -

      Iraq – Under Saddam Hussein


Economy
Economy

  • How the people in a society earn a living.

  • Deals with the money of a country

    • Farming

    • Manufacturing

    • Services


Types of economies
Types of Economies

  • Traditional

  • Command

  • Market

  • Mixed


Traditional economy
Traditional Economy

  • Customs and traditions determine what and how to produce. Resources are usually shared. Passed down from generation to generation.

  • Bartering or exchanging is used

    • Inuits – Canada

    • Parts of Africa and South America



Command economy
Command Economy

  • Government owns resources and controls production, prices, and wages.

  • “Communism” refers to Command Economies

    • China

    • North Korea

    • Former USSR



Market economy
Market Economy

  • Individuals own resources and determine what and how to produce.

  • Supply and Demand policy – prices and wages are set based on the producers supply, and the consumer demand.

  • Also Known as consumer economics.

    • United States



Mixed
Mixed

  • Individuals own most resources and determine what and how to produce

  • Government can regulate some industries

    • Almost all nations have this form of economics including the United States.



Government vs economy
Government vs. Economy

Government

Economy

The jobs and money matters of a country. How the people of a country make a living.

  • Laws that are used to control and regulate a country


Cultural change
Cultural Change

  • Cultures do not remain the same

  • Cultural Diffusion - spreading new knowledge and skills to other cultures.

  • What are causes of cultural diffusion?

    • Television

    • Movies

    • Internet


Cultures
Cultures

  • Civilizations: a highly developed culture

  • Culture Region: countries that have traits in common.