The Development of Feudalism Section 3 Chapter 12 The Rise of Japan
Imperial Rule at Nara • Nara was modeled after the Chinese capital at Chang’an. • No defensive wall
The Capital Moves • Emperor Kammu moves to Heian-kyo which becomes Kyoto • Buddhist accumulated too much wealth and power
Fujiwara daughters or sisters married princes of the imperial family. The emperor was asked to step down as soon as a son was born. An uncle or grandfather would become his advisor Rise of the Fujiwara A Fujiwara leader would then become regent for the child. When a new son was born the cycle starts again.
The First Shogun • Taira and Minamoto worked together to overthrow the Fujiwara • Turned on each other • Minamoto Yoritomo • Receives the title of Shogun, supreme military commander, and makes a temporary title permanent.
A New Social Order Feudalism A social system in which lords grant people land or other rewards in exchange for military service. local land-owning lords responsible for protecting the people highly trained warriors.
Chapter 12: The Rise of Japan – Section 3, The Development of Feudalism • Explain the factors that influenced the decision to move the capital city of Nara? • Summarize what made the Fujiwara successful? • How did Japanese government officials differ from Chinese officials? • Explain how life under shogun rule was different from life under imperial rule? • Examine how the daimyo might have been a threat to the shogun?