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The Devastation of Europe & Japan. Erica Takahashi. Background. Devastating results in Europe and Japan 60 million was dead 50 million lost home, property, and family US was undamaged. Europe in Ruins. 40 millions of Europeans died. Cities were destroyed. Bombing Shelling

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The devastation of europe japan

The Devastation of Europe & Japan

Erica Takahashi


Background
Background

  • Devastating results in Europe and Japan

  • 60 million was dead

  • 50 million lost home, property, and family

  • US was undamaged.


Europe in ruins
Europe in Ruins

  • 40 millions of Europeans died.

  • Cities were destroyed.

    • Bombing

    • Shelling

  • Countryside was destroyed.

  • Many people were displaced


  • Harvest of destruction
    Harvest of Destruction

    • Undamaged countries: Paris, Rome, Brussels.

    • Damaged countries:

      • The Blitz destroyed London.

      • Soviet Union attacked Warsaw, the capital of Poland.

      • Bombs destroyed 95% of the central city in Berlin.


    A harvest of destruction
    A Harvest of Destruction

    • People lived in destroyed homes and caves.

    • No water, No electricity.

    • Starvation and disease was the major problem.

    • Factories were destroyed.


    A harvest of destruction1
    A Harvest of Destruction

    • Many people joined army

      • Survivors of the Concentration Camp

      • Prisoners

  • Many people were not in their countries.

  • They wanted to get home, hoping to find their families or to find a safe place at least.


  • Simon weisenthal
    Simon Weisenthal

    • He was a Holocaust survivor.

    • He wrote about the survivors of the Holocaust.


    Misery continues after the war
    Misery Continues After the War

    • Misery in Europe continued.

    • Agriculture was disrupted

      • Transportations were destroyed. Therefore there were no food delivered to cities.

  • Thousands of people died of famine and disease.

    • They bartered expensive things to get a few potatoes

  • During winter, they had no shoes and coats.


  • Postwar governments politics
    Postwar Governments & Politics

    • Europeans blamed their leaders for the war and it’s consequences.

    • Belgium, Holland, Denmark, and Norway changed their government system.

    • Germany, Italy and France’s Leaders couldn’t return to the old leadership.

      • Germany: Hitler’s Nazi government had brought Germany to ruins.

      • Italy: Mussolini had led Italy to defeat.

      • The Vichy government collaborated with the Nazis.

      • Many resistance fighters were Communists.


    Postwar governments politics1
    Postwar Governments & Politics

    • Communists waned to take over the politics faster so they made some strikes.

    • French and Italians reacted by voting for Anti-Communist parties.

    • Therefore, Communist started to decline.

      • Which led the economies of France and Italy began to recover.


    An attempt at justice the nuremberg trials
    An Attempt at Justice: The Nuremberg Trials

    • While nations were recovering, they wanted to punish Germany for the Holocaust.

    • They started a trial called Nuremberg Trials.

      • They wanted to make sure that such crimes would never happen again.

  • Nazis were on trial.

  • Violating the laws of war AND committing “Crimes against humanity”


  • Videos
    Videos

    • Nuremberg Trials

      http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xcudlm6tPa0

      http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TxB-8gS1C9k

    • How Nazis were hung

      http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4-mAMeH0Rx8&mode=related&search=


    An attempt at justice the nuremberg trials1
    An Attempt at Justice: The Nuremberg Trials

    • Adolf Hitler, SS chief Heinrich Himmler, and Minister of Propaganda Joseph Goebbels committed suicide to avoid the trial.

    • The rest of the Nazi and leaders were hung.

    • “A thousand years will pass and still this quilt of Germany will not have been erased”


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