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The Environmental Impact of Agriculture and Energy Use Ideas for a Roadmap for Biomass Technologies Staur Gjestegård, Stange, Norge August 2004. Today’s realities Tomorrow’s needs Our role. On the way to our roadmap. World Population Growth 1750-2100. 10. Billions. 8. 6. 4.

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slide1

The Environmental Impact of Agriculture and Energy UseIdeas for a Roadmap for Biomass TechnologiesStaur Gjestegård, Stange, NorgeAugust 2004

slide5

World Population Growth 1750-2100

10

Billions

8

6

4

Developing Countries

2

Industrial Countries

1750 1800 1850 1900 1950 2000 2050 2100

Source: Population Reference Bureau

u s dependence on foreign oil
Saudi Arabia 26%

Iraq 11%

Kuwait 10%

Iran 9%

UAE 8%

Venezuela 6%

Russia 5%

Libya 3%

Mexico 3%

China 3%

Nigeria 2%

U.S. 2%

U.S. 26%

Japan 7%

China 6%

Germany 4%

Canada 4%

Russia 3%

Brazil 3%

S. Korea 3%

France 3%

India 3%

Mexico 3%

Italy 2%

U.S. Dependence on Foreign Oil

Have Oil

Use Oil

The U.S. uses more than the next 5 highest

consuming nations combined.

Updated March 2003. Source: International Energy Annual 2001 (EIA), Tables 11.4 and 11.10.

changes in atmospheric concentration co 2 ch 4 and n 2 0 a thousand year history

360

340

320

300

280

260

Atmospheric concentration CO2 (ppm)

310

290

270

250

1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000

Atmospheric concentration N2O (pbb)

1750

1500

1250

1000

750

Atmospheric concentration CH4 (ppb)

1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000

1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000

Changes in Atmospheric ConcentrationCO2, CH4, and N20 – A Thousand Year History

Source: IPCC Third Assessment Report (2001)

implications of the genomic revolution
Implications of the Genomic Revolution
  • The Molecular Economy
    • Carbohydrate
    • Lipid
    • Protein
    • Biopolymers
starting points for our roadmap
Starting points for our roadmap
  • Our meeting last year and again today
    • The Environmental Impact of Agriculture and Energy Use: How New Technologies, Including Biotechnology, Can Provide Sustainable Solutions
  • University of Minnesota Initiative in Renewable Energy & Environment
slide15

Initiative for Renewable Energy and the Environment

MISSION: To promote statewide economic development, sustainable, healthy, and diverse ecosystems, and national energy security through development of bio-based and other renewable resources and processes.

www.iree.umn.edu

slide16

Opportunities

  • Use renewable resources for CO2-neutral production of energy and materials.
  • Move closer to real-time use of photosynthesis.
slide17

Goals and objectives

  • Leadership in research and demonstration.
  • Create jobs.
  • Promote the hydrogen economy.
  • Use renewables to replace fossil fuels for
    • energy
    • chemicals
    • materials
  • Foster communication and collaboration.
slide18

IREE core values

  • Leveraging resources
  • Partnerships
  • Impact
slide19

University of Minnesota Initiative for Renewable Energy and the Environment

Executive Committee

Director/Assoc. Director

External Adv. Board

Working Group

Cluster Leader Council

Hydrogen

Bioenergy and

Bioproducts

Conservation and

Efficient Energy

Systems

Policy, Economics, and

Ecosystems

starting points for our roadmap1
Starting points for our roadmap
  • Our meeting last year and again today
    • The Environmental Impact of Agriculture and Energy Use: How New Technologies, Including Biotechnology, Can Provide Sustainable Solutions
  • University of Minnesota Initiative in Renewable Energy & Environment
  • Roadmap for Biomass Technologies in the United States, December 2002
    • www.nrel.gov
roadmap for biomass technologies in the us vision
Roadmap for Biomass Technologies in the US: Vision
  • Biopower
    • Double each decade through 2030
  • Biobased Transportation Fuels
    • 0.5% (now); 4% (2010); 10% (2020); 20% (2030)
  • Biobased Products
    • 5% (now); 12% (2010); 18% (2020); 25% (2030)
research development policy needs to achieve goals
Research, Development & Policy Needs to Achieve Goals
  • Feedstock production
    • Biotechnology, genetics and plant physiology
    • Agronomic practices
    • Feedstock handling
research development policy needs to achieve goals1
Research, Development & Policy Needs to Achieve Goals
  • Processing and conversion
    • Biorefinery concept
    • Thermochemical conversion
    • Bioconversion
    • Enabling technologies
research development policy needs to achieve goals2
Research, Development & Policy Needs to Achieve Goals
  • Product uses and distribution
    • Biorefinery development and demonstration projects
research development policy needs to achieve goals3
Research, Development & Policy Needs to Achieve Goals
  • Public policy measures
    • Incentives
    • Education
    • Resource supply
    • Environmental measures
    • Standards and codes
    • Financial assistance
starting points for our roadmap2
Starting points for our roadmap
  • Our meeting last year and again today
    • The Environmental Impact of Agriculture and Energy Use: How New Technologies, Including Biotechnology, Can Provide Sustainable Solutions
  • University of Minnesota Initiative in Renewable Energy & Environment (www.iree.umn.edu)
  • Roadmap for Biomass Technologies in the United States, December 2002 (www.nrel.gov)
  • Multifunctional Agriculture - the case of Norway
  • Norwegian Forests - Policy and Resources
outcomes for our partnership
Outcomes for our partnership
  • By tomorrow
    • Vision
    • Roadmap
    • Mechanisms for success
  • By next year
  • Five years from now