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On the way to our roadmap

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  1. The Environmental Impact of Agriculture and Energy UseIdeas for a Roadmap for Biomass TechnologiesStaur Gjestegård, Stange, NorgeAugust 2004

  2. Today’s realities Tomorrow’s needs Our role On the way to our roadmap

  3. World Population Growth 1750-2100 10 Billions 8 6 4 Developing Countries 2 Industrial Countries 1750 1800 1850 1900 1950 2000 2050 2100 Source: Population Reference Bureau

  4. Saudi Arabia 26% Iraq 11% Kuwait 10% Iran 9% UAE 8% Venezuela 6% Russia 5% Libya 3% Mexico 3% China 3% Nigeria 2% U.S. 2% U.S. 26% Japan 7% China 6% Germany 4% Canada 4% Russia 3% Brazil 3% S. Korea 3% France 3% India 3% Mexico 3% Italy 2% U.S. Dependence on Foreign Oil Have Oil Use Oil The U.S. uses more than the next 5 highest consuming nations combined. Updated March 2003. Source: International Energy Annual 2001 (EIA), Tables 11.4 and 11.10.

  5. 360 340 320 300 280 260 Atmospheric concentration CO2 (ppm) 310 290 270 250 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 Atmospheric concentration N2O (pbb) 1750 1500 1250 1000 750 Atmospheric concentration CH4 (ppb) 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 Changes in Atmospheric ConcentrationCO2, CH4, and N20 – A Thousand Year History Source: IPCC Third Assessment Report (2001)

  6. The nature of value, and the value of nature

  7. Vision - macro

  8. Vision - nano

  9. Implications of the Genomic Revolution • The Molecular Economy • Carbohydrate • Lipid • Protein • Biopolymers

  10. Harvesting for the carbohydrate economy

  11. Starting points for our roadmap • Our meeting last year and again today • The Environmental Impact of Agriculture and Energy Use: How New Technologies, Including Biotechnology, Can Provide Sustainable Solutions • University of Minnesota Initiative in Renewable Energy & Environment

  12. Initiative for Renewable Energy and the Environment MISSION: To promote statewide economic development, sustainable, healthy, and diverse ecosystems, and national energy security through development of bio-based and other renewable resources and processes. www.iree.umn.edu

  13. Opportunities • Use renewable resources for CO2-neutral production of energy and materials. • Move closer to real-time use of photosynthesis.

  14. Goals and objectives • Leadership in research and demonstration. • Create jobs. • Promote the hydrogen economy. • Use renewables to replace fossil fuels for • energy • chemicals • materials • Foster communication and collaboration.

  15. IREE core values • Leveraging resources • Partnerships • Impact

  16. University of Minnesota Initiative for Renewable Energy and the Environment Executive Committee Director/Assoc. Director External Adv. Board Working Group Cluster Leader Council Hydrogen Bioenergy and Bioproducts Conservation and Efficient Energy Systems Policy, Economics, and Ecosystems

  17. Starting points for our roadmap • Our meeting last year and again today • The Environmental Impact of Agriculture and Energy Use: How New Technologies, Including Biotechnology, Can Provide Sustainable Solutions • University of Minnesota Initiative in Renewable Energy & Environment • Roadmap for Biomass Technologies in the United States, December 2002 • www.nrel.gov

  18. Roadmap for Biomass Technologies in the US: Vision • Biopower • Double each decade through 2030 • Biobased Transportation Fuels • 0.5% (now); 4% (2010); 10% (2020); 20% (2030) • Biobased Products • 5% (now); 12% (2010); 18% (2020); 25% (2030)

  19. Research, Development & Policy Needs to Achieve Goals • Feedstock production • Biotechnology, genetics and plant physiology • Agronomic practices • Feedstock handling

  20. Research, Development & Policy Needs to Achieve Goals • Processing and conversion • Biorefinery concept • Thermochemical conversion • Bioconversion • Enabling technologies

  21. Research, Development & Policy Needs to Achieve Goals • Product uses and distribution • Biorefinery development and demonstration projects

  22. Research, Development & Policy Needs to Achieve Goals • Public policy measures • Incentives • Education • Resource supply • Environmental measures • Standards and codes • Financial assistance

  23. Starting points for our roadmap • Our meeting last year and again today • The Environmental Impact of Agriculture and Energy Use: How New Technologies, Including Biotechnology, Can Provide Sustainable Solutions • University of Minnesota Initiative in Renewable Energy & Environment (www.iree.umn.edu) • Roadmap for Biomass Technologies in the United States, December 2002 (www.nrel.gov) • Multifunctional Agriculture - the case of Norway • Norwegian Forests - Policy and Resources

  24. Outcomes for our partnership • By tomorrow • Vision • Roadmap • Mechanisms for success • By next year • Five years from now