Author • Arnold Gesell • Professor at Yale University • Established the Yale Clinic of Child Development • He believed that a child’s behavior develops in a patterned predictable way.
“Giselle's early work involved the study of mental retardation in children, but he soon became convinced that an understanding of normal development is necessary for the understanding of abnormal development.”
Gesell Tests • Gesell Preschool Test – For children between the ages of 2 ½ and 6. • School Readiness Test – For children between the ages of 4 and 8.
What does it measure? • The Gesell Developmental Schedules cover four fields : Motor, Adaptive, Language and Personal-Social • The Gesell Developmental schedules yields the Developmental Quotient (DQ) rather than an Intelligence Quotient (IQ)
Motor - Kick large balls, Walks on tiptoe, Skips, Jumps in place, Jumps down, Stands on one foot, Standing board jump, Hops on one foot and Throwing and catching beanbags Adaptive – Cube, Paper and pencil and incomplete man Four Fields
Gesell Developmental Schedules • The Gesell Tests are not scored numerically • Scores are placed on the Gesell Developmental Schedules • The schedules are divided into intervals of six months • Gives an examiner a quick and clear view of a child’s behavior level
Validity, Reliability and Guidelines • Are largely comprised of subjective interpretations • The guidelines for qualifying the examiner vary from one program to another. - Results may vary • Criteria and guidelines for qualifying the examiners uniform and standardized. • Children perform differently under different stimuli
Four Fields • Language – Interview, discriminates prepositions, digit repetition, picture vocabulary and comprehension questions • Personal-Social – Feeding, dressing, play, communicative and temperament
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