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CONSERVATION OF PLANT GENETIC RESOURCES PowerPoint Presentation
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CONSERVATION OF PLANT GENETIC RESOURCES

CONSERVATION OF PLANT GENETIC RESOURCES

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CONSERVATION OF PLANT GENETIC RESOURCES

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  1. Towards a Strategic and Integrated Management of Plant Genetic Resources for Food Security and Sustainable DevelopmentDr.Kakoli Ghosh, Agricultural Officer, Plant Production and Protection Division, FAO, Rome

  2. Fundamental aspects of PGRFA CONSERVATION OFPLANT GENETIC RESOURCES FARMERS AGRO-ECOSYSTEM PLANT BREEDING SEED PRODUCTIONANDSUPPLY

  3. Key dates towards a strategic management of PGRFA • 1996,Leipzig International Conference on Plant Genetic Resources → Adoption of the first State of the World’s Plan Genetic Resources (SOW) → Adoption of the Global Plan of Action (GPA) • 1999, FAO Conference → Need to periodically assess the SOW in order to facilitate the analysis of changing needs and gaps, as well as to contribute to the adjustment of the rolling GPA • 2001, FAO Conference → Adoption of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (IT-PGRFA) → The GPA became part of the IT-PGRGA as a supporting component

  4. The Global Plan of Action for Conservation and Sustainable Use of PGRFA (www.globalplanofaction.org)

  5. Drawn from findings and needs identified through the State of the World, the Global Plan of Action is a set of recommendations and activities in all PGRFA activities Coherent framework for 20 priority activity areas in conservation and sustainable utilization, institutions and capacity-building Rolling plan that needs to be periodically updated based on the State of the World’s PGRFA Better management, cooperation, and coordination of all PGRFA-related activities All NENA countries have adopted the GPA

  6. The International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (www.planttreaty.org)

  7. Main objective of the IT-PGRFA Efficient and effective management of PGRFA for food security and sustainable management Access to PGR and Equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the use of PGR Enhanced conservation coupled with sustainable use of PGRFA • Members of the IT-PGRFA: • - take on the obligation to implement the IT-PGRFA • are called to cooperate in the periodic reassessment of the SOW-PGRFA in order to facilitate the updating of the rolling Global Plan of Action (Art. 14 and 17.3)

  8. Structure of the SOW-2

  9. Periodic Assessment of the SOW The first Report on the State of the World’s PGRFA represented the first comprehensive global assessment of the status and use of PGRFA Adjustment of the 20 priority activity areas of the GPA taking into account changing needs and gaps Update of the first SOW with a focus on the changes occurred since 1996 Periodic Assessment Assisting national, regional and global efforts for effective conservation and sustainable utilization of PGR to achieve food security, rural development and sustainable agriculture Contribution to the implementation of the IT-PGRFA

  10. The preparatory process of the SOW-2 is: • Fully integrated with the process of monitoring the implementation of the GPA • Country driven (Country Reports, NISM) • Conducted in collaboration with various partners (IPGRI/Bioversity, genebanks, CGIAR centers, etc.) • Guided by the Inter-Governmental Working Group on Plant Genetic Resources of the Commission - Fourth Session: 15-17 July 2009 103 countries have prepared a Country Report on the State of PGRFA 15 other countries reports are being prepared or possibly expected (March 2009)

  11. Country Reports received from 103 countries, including 16 country reports from NENA countries

  12. Thematic Background Studies Country Reports National Information Sharing Mechanisms Focusing on Key Changes since 1996 COUNTRY-DRIVEN PROCESS Integration of new emerging issues Analysis of changing needs and gaps Second State of the World on PGRFA Updating of the rolling Global Plan of Action Strategic and Integrated Management of Plant Genetic Resources Food and Agriculture Implementation of the IT-PGRFA Food security, rural development, sustainable agriculture, protection of environment

  13. Gaps and challenges as reported by Countries 1. Fragmentation in the national approach to PGRFA conservation and use → No linkages between in situ conservation, crop improvement programmes, ex situ conservation, seed systems and markets 2. Poor documentation, outdated information, and lack of knowledge support 3. Lack of institutional capacities for the elaboration, coordination, and implementation of adequate policies and programmes on PGRFA 4. Limited stakeholder participation and lack of partnership between PGR users and seed producers 5. Lack of legislation and limited implementation of legislation Hinders the efficiency of all PGRFA related activities and sustainable agricultural development at the country level Hinders the implementation of the IT-PGRFA

  14. Needs and requests as reported by Countries Recognition of the equal importance and the strong interconnections between PGR conservation, crop variety improvement, and seed production and delivery systems Challenges of Climate Change, Food Security and Sustainable Development Need for a strategic and integrated plant genetic resources management system for better utilization of PGRFA benefits Strong and centralized institutions at all levels National integrated strategies establishing all necessary linkages The IT-PGRFA enables efficient and strategic management of PGRFA at the global level that can serve as the model for the national-level strategies for efficient PGRFA management

  15. The Near East and North African Countries and the IT-PGRFA • All NENA countries are members of the IT-PGRFA (ratification or accession) except : Azerbaidjan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyztan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Bahrain, Somalia and Iraq • The development of a legislation for accessing and exchanging genetic resources is at an advanced stage in Syria and drafts are under-development in Morocco, Lebanon, and Egypt !Challenges: 1. Encourage member countries of the NENA region to develop and adopt appropriate legislation on access and benefit-sharing 2. Encourage non-member countries of the NENA region to join the IT-PGRFA 3. Encourage the development of a Strategic and Integrated Management of Plant Genetic Resources for Food Security and Sustainable Development

  16. CONSERVATION OFPLANT GENETIC RESOURCES RESTORATION ELITE GERMPLASM INFORMATION ON-FARM IN SITU EMERGENCY RESTORATION GERMPLASM FARMERS CULTIVARS GENETIC DIVERSITY FARMERS AGRO-ECOSYSTEM TRIALS SEED GROWERS FARMER BREEDING PLANT BREEDING SEED PRODUCTIONANDSUPPLY OWN SEED PARTICIPATORY PLANT BREEDING SEED FOR PRODUCTION NEW CULTIVARS

  17. Thank You for your kind attention