Imperialism 1890 s 1900 s
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IMPERIALISM 1890’S-1900’S. FOCUS ON SPANISH AMERICAN WAR, TR , TAFT AND WW. KEY INFLUENCES. 1-Missionaries Rev. Josiah Strong— “Our Country: It’s Possible Future and Present Crisis”—missionary work. American Missionaries In China, 1905. Social Darwinism. White Man’s Burden.

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Imperialism 1890 s 1900 s

IMPERIALISM1890’S-1900’S

FOCUS ON SPANISH AMERICAN WAR, TR , TAFT AND WW


Key influences
KEY INFLUENCES

  • 1-Missionaries

  • Rev. Josiah Strong— “Our Country: It’s Possible Future and Present Crisis”—missionary work

American Missionaries

In China, 1905


Social darwinism
Social Darwinism

White Man’s Burden

Hierarchy of Race


Commercial business interests
Commercial/Business Interests

US Foreign Investments

1869-1908


American frontier closed
American Frontier-Closed

Frederick

Jackson

Turner’s

Frontier

Thesis--



Problems in cuba
PROBLEMS IN CUBA

  • 1895-REVOLT VS. SPANISH GOV’T

  • “SCORCHED EARTH” POLICY

  • BUTCHER WEYLER—

Reconcentration Camps


Yellow journalism
Yellow Journalism

  • Pulitzer & Hearst

Hearst to Frederick Remington:You furnish the pictures, and I’ll furnish the war!


Feb 9 th 1898 de lome letter
Feb. 9th 1898De Lome Letter

Private letter by Spanish Ambassador to US

McKinley is “weak”

**popular opinion=war

**business---no war


Teddy roosevelt

Assistant Secretary of the Navy in the McKinley administration.

Imperialist and American nationalist.

Criticized PresidentMcKinley as having the backbone of a chocolate éclair!

Resigns his position to fight in Cuba.

Teddy Roosevelt


The us involved in cuba
THE US INVOLVED IN CUBA administration.

USS Maine sent to evacuate Americans out of Havana

-Feb. 15th 1898---Maine blew up in Havana Harbor

blame???


Remember the maine and to hell with spain
Remember the Maine administration.and to Hell with Spain!

Funerals for Victims


Spanish american war
SPANISH AMERICAN WAR administration.

  • Spain orders warships to Cuba

  • Admiral Cervera—blockaded by American fleet in Santiago harbor

  • US forces unprepared—malaria, yellow fever & typhoid; food & clothes

  • Disorganized Fighting

    • El Caney—July 1st

    • San Juan Hill

    • Spanish troops outnumbered and outgunned

      August 12, 1898---armistice—5000 die of disease

      only 400 men die from war injuries


The spanish american war 1898 that splendid little war john hay sec of state
The Spanish-American War (1898): administration.“That Splendid Little War”(John Hay-Sec. of State)


Rough riders
Rough Riders administration.


To the victor go the spoils us takes philippines
To The Victor Go The Spoils! administration.US takes Philippines


Dewey captures manila
Dewey captures Manila! administration.


Problems in the philippines
PROBLEMS IN THE PHILIPPINES administration.

  • 1-ADMIRAL DEWEY IN HONG KONG

  • TOLD TO TAKE PHIL IF US DECLARES WAR ON SPAIN

  • 2-MAY 1898—DEWEY DESTROYS SPANISH FLEET

  • 3-AUGUST 1898-MANILA SURRENDERS


Emilio aguinaldo freedom fighter
Emilio Aguinaldo-Freedom Fighter administration.

Philippine Independence-1946



Treaty of paris 1898
Treaty of Paris, 1898 administration.

  • Cuba was freed from Spanish rule.

  • Spain gave up Puerto Rico and the island ofGuam.

  • The U. S. paid Spain$20 mil. for thePhilippines.

  • The U. S. becomesan imperial power!


Key acts
KEY ACTS administration.

  • 1-TELLER AMENDMENT

  • WITHDRAW BY 1902—give Cubans freedom after the war

  • 2-PLATT AMENDMENT 1901

  • US CAN INTERVENE

  • CUBA DEVELOPS CONSTITUTION

  • NAVAL BASE


Anti imperialist league
ANTI-IMPERIALIST LEAGUE administration.

  • Mark Twain, William James, Samuel Gompers, Andrew Carnegie, WJ Bryan

  • Dislike imperialism; conflict

  • Argument

    • Too much despotism (colonialism)

      • Vs Trade/Profits/Natural resources



Tr as president
TR AS PRESIDENT administration.

  • 1-PANAMA CANAL

  • 1850 Clayton-Bulwer Treaty.

  • 1901  Hay-Paunceforte Treaty.

  • Philippe Bunau-Varilla, agent provocateur.

  • Dr. Walter Reed.

  • 1903  Hay-Bunau- Varilla Treaty


Imperialism 1890 s 1900 s
TR administration.

  • “Encourages” a Panamian Revolution

  • Prevents Columbian forces entering area

  • Pushes for independence


Panama canal
Panama Canal administration.

TR in Panama

Construction starts in 1904


Roosevelt corollary to the monroe doctrine 1905

Chronic wrongdoing… may in America, as elsewhere, ultimately require intervention by some civilized nation, and in the Western Hemisphere the adherence of the United States to the Monroe Doctrine may force the United States, however reluctantly, in flagrant cases of such wrongdoing or impotence, to the exercise of an international police power .

Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine 1905


Speak softly but carry a big stick
“Speak Softly But Carry a Big Stick” ultimately require intervention by some civilized nation, and in the Western Hemisphere the adherence of the United States to the Monroe Doctrine may force the United States, however reluctantly, in flagrant cases of such


Imperialism 1890 s 1900 s

Constable of the World ultimately require intervention by some civilized nation, and in the Western Hemisphere the adherence of the United States to the Monroe Doctrine may force the United States, however reluctantly, in flagrant cases of such


Tr continued
TR continued ultimately require intervention by some civilized nation, and in the Western Hemisphere the adherence of the United States to the Monroe Doctrine may force the United States, however reluctantly, in flagrant cases of such

*continued occupation of Philippines

After (US-Phil War 1899+)

Aguinaldo fought US

  • 4-Russo-Japanese

  • War 1904

  • Portsmouth Treaty

    Nobel Peace Prize

    For TR


Yellow peril
Yellow Peril ultimately require intervention by some civilized nation, and in the Western Hemisphere the adherence of the United States to the Monroe Doctrine may force the United States, however reluctantly, in flagrant cases of such

  • Problems in California

  • Gentlemen’s Agreement

  • Root-Takihira Agreement


Great white fleet 1907
Great White Fleet 1907 ultimately require intervention by some civilized nation, and in the Western Hemisphere the adherence of the United States to the Monroe Doctrine may force the United States, however reluctantly, in flagrant cases of such

End of TR’s Presidency . . . . .



Imperialism 1890 s 1900 s

Taft as President Rushmore?

“Dollar Diplomacy”

1-Improve financialopportunities for American businesses.

2-Use private capital tofurther U. S. interestsoverseas.

3- the U.S. should create stability and order abroad that would best promote America’s commercial interests.


Wilson as president moral diplomacy
Wilson as President Rushmore?“Moral Diplomacy”

*The U. S. shouldbe the conscienceof the world.

*Spread democracy.

*Promote peace.

*Condemn colonialism


1 st actions of wilson
1 Rushmore?st Actions of Wilson

  • 1-repeal Panama Canal Tolls Act

  • 2-Jones Act 1916

  • 3- Haiti Civil War 1915

  • 4-Problems in Dom. Republic

  • 5-US buys Virgin Islands from Denmark 1917


Mexican revolution 1910
Mexican Revolution 1910 Rushmore?

  • Huerta seizes control of Mexico

    • Should US send troops to protect US Business?

  • Carranza, Pancho Villa & Emiliano Zapata fought against Huerta.

  • The U.S. also got involved by occupying Veracruz

  • Problems with US sailors in Tampico 1914

  • Carranza would gain power in Mexico after Huerta’s gov’t collapses

  • Wilson sends Gen. Pershing to fight Villa as he attacks along US/Mexican Border


Imperialism 1890 s 1900 s

Zapata Rushmore?

Pancho Villa


U s interventions in latin america 1898 1920s
U. S. Interventions in Rushmore?Latin America: 1898-1920s