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POVERTY & MIGRATION. By Clay Raiff and Stewart Strandberg. Poverty and Migration Presentation. Background Information Poverty in Rural Areas Poverty in Rural Areas: Case Study Migration Life in the City Migration: Case Study Migrant Education The next generation?. Background Information.

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poverty migration

POVERTY & MIGRATION

By Clay Raiff and Stewart Strandberg

poverty and migration presentation
Poverty and Migration Presentation
  • Background Information
  • Poverty in Rural Areas
  • Poverty in Rural Areas: Case Study
  • Migration
  • Life in the City
  • Migration: Case Study
  • Migrant Education
  • The next generation?
background information
Background Information
  • Increased industrialization,

Urbanization

  • This migration to the cities

is not finished

  • Migration is a necessary step

step in the development

process

  • The tremendous

migration to the cities is

going to leave rural China empty

http://www.giaodiem.us

background information1
Background Information

Some improvements in the countryside, but…

The rural villages are far less developed than the cities

Migrant life is stuck between the new and old China

poverty and migration presentation1
Poverty and Migration Presentation
  • Background Information
  • Poverty in Rural Areas
  • Poverty in Rural Areas: Case Study
  • Migration
  • Life in the City
  • Migration: Case Study
  • Migrant Education
  • The next generation?
poverty in rural areas1
Poverty in Rural Areas

Work all day

Income dependent on climate and other uncontrollable factors (i.e. drought, demand, injuries)

“What will I do here”?

No hope for a better life

Not many recreational activities

Limited services

poverty in rural areas2
Poverty in Rural Areas

Government official- “Life is hard in these areas so we have to work extra hard to survive.”

Geography – villages are remote, will never grow

Villages are being drained, will not exist in a couple decades

poverty in rural areas3
Poverty in Rural Areas

In fact, villages we visited are becoming ghost towns

“15 years ago there were 500 people, now there are about 115”

Elderly and sick

poverty in rural areas case study
Poverty in Rural Areas: Case Study

His daughter’s land was taken

He hopes that his younger son (in college) can get a good job

His wife had heat stroke and no longer can work in the field as long

the way out
The Way Out

Highway ‘out of village’ is the connection to China’s future

Half of the workers are from construction companies and half of the workers are hired from local villages

poverty and migration presentation2
Poverty and Migration Presentation
  • Background Information
  • Poverty in Rural Areas
  • Poverty in Rural Areas: Case Study
  • Migration
  • Life in the City
  • Migration: Case Study
  • Migrant Education
  • The next generation?
migration1
Migration
  • Job opportunities to earn higher wages

Construction, Manufacturing, and Service jobs

  • Better medical services-technology, doctors are closer
  • Hope
poverty and migration presentation3
Poverty and Migration Presentation
  • Background Information
  • Poverty in Rural Areas
  • Poverty in Rural Areas: Case Study
  • Migration
  • Life in the City
  • Migration: Case Study
  • Migrant Education
  • The next generation?
life in the city
Life in the City
  • Small, cramped housing
  • Inadequate, unstable schools
  • Expensive rent and other expenses (i.e.food)
  • No time for family
poverty and migration presentation4
Poverty and Migration Presentation
  • Background Information
  • Poverty in Rural Areas
  • Poverty in Rural Areas: Case Study
  • Migration
  • Life in the City
  • Migration: Case Study
  • Migrant Education
  • The next generation?
migration case study
Migration: Case Study

Mengdi Xu

Her family was displaced

Admit Beijing is not as good as they they expected, but life is still better than where they came from

Make just enough to sustain

what is the road ahead for migrant children like mengdi
What is the road ahead for migrant children like Mengdi
  • Education, Education, Education
  • Education makes the benefits outweigh the costs
  • Education paves the road for a better future
poverty and migration presentation5
Poverty and Migration Presentation
  • Background Information
  • Poverty in Rural Areas
  • Poverty in Rural Areas: Case Study
  • Migration
  • Life in the City
  • Migration: Case Study
  • Migrant Education
  • The next generation?
migrant education
Migrant Education

Education is the best hope for China’s young and poor to live better lives

Funding is the biggest issue

“The difference between public schools and migrant schools is heaven and earth”

migrant education1
Migrant Education

Very difficult to find qualified teachers

Teachers are spread very thin because there is not enough room in the budget to hire more

migrant education2
Migrant Education

The Alumni mark a school’s success

Migrant schools can’t keep track of their students after they scatter when they graduate

the next generation
The Next Generation?

Are the kids’ lives going to be better than their parents’?

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