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New Jersey. By: Cali Sprick. Formation of New Jersey. New Jersey was named in 1664 Named In honor of Sir George Carteret, who had been governor of the Isle of Jersey U nder the jurisdiction of the Dutch. Inhabitants, Motivation, and Method of Populating.

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new jersey

New Jersey

By: Cali Sprick

formation of new jersey
Formation of New Jersey
  • New Jersey was named in 1664
  • Named In honor of Sir George Carteret, who had been governor of the Isle of Jersey
  • Under the jurisdiction of the Dutch
inhabitants motivation and method of populating
Inhabitants, Motivation, and Method of Populating
  • Population in 1670 (beginning of colony) was around 1,000 inhabitants. In 1780 was around 139.6 thousand.
  • People moved to New Jersey because :
    • religious freedom
    • and the proprietors (Lord John Berkeley and Sir Gorge Carteret) offered large tracts of land which was ideal for growing cash crops
    • a trial by jury
    • and a representative assembly that would make local laws and set tax rates.
structure of society
Structure of Society
  • Political: it was a royal colony with a governor appointed by the king
  • Slaves (12% of NJ population)
  • Prior to 1750
    • a. Small Upper-class:
      • . Aristocratic plantation owners in South dominated wealth and influence
      • ii. Merchants, lawyers, officials, and clergymen dominated the North
    • b. Yeoman farmers constituted the majority of the population owned land
    • c. Small merchants, manual workers, and hired hands: many did not own land
    • d. Indentured servants and jailbirds: limited to no influence
environmental factors
Environmental Factors
  • Poor soil made it harder to grow
  • Cold winters and mild summers
  • Short growing season
agriculture
Agriculture
  • They practiced small-scale agriculture such as growing corn and pole beans together and squash.
  • They were hunting and gathering, hunting with bow and arrow, using deadfall traps, and snares.
  • They also gathered nuts in the autumn such as acorns hickory nuts, walnuts, butternuts, beech nuts and chestnuts
industry
Industry
  • Manufacturing
    • Iron plantations
    • Lumbering
  • Land Industries
  • Big on industry to help economy since growing season is shorten by weather.
important people
Important People
  • King Charles II- gave land to his brother, James, Duke of York.
  • In 1664, James, the Duke of York, received control of New Netherland.
      • He granted land to two of his friends, Lord Berkeley and Sir George Carteret, that would become New Jersey.
  • Lord Berkeley and Sir George Carteret - The two advertised and promised settlers many benefits for colonizing including representative government and freedom of religion