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Prehistory. The Road Toward Civilization…. Warm Up. Describe two things you learned about the Middle East from last week’s map quest. (Possible topics: economics, social issues, geography). Warm Up . What do you think was the most important invention in human history ? Why?

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prehistory

Prehistory

The Road Toward Civilization…

warm up
Warm Up
  • Describe two things you learned about the Middle East from last week’s map quest. (Possible topics: economics, social issues, geography).
warm up1
Warm Up
  • What do you think was the most important invention in human history? Why?
  • Write in complete sentences and include 2 reasons to support your response.
warm up 2
Warm Up 2
  • What stereotypes do we have about people who lived in prehistory (think cavemen)?
  • Take a look at the beginning of chapter 1, section 2. Are these stereotypes fair? What skills did prehistory people need?
review gender inequality
Review: Gender Inequality

What is gender inequality?

What issues does the Map Quest discuss?

Now take a look at a story that broke over the weekend on this issue… in this region:

http://www.cnn.com/2013/10/24/opinion/begum-saudi-women-driving/

http://www.cnn.com/2013/10/26/world/meast/saudi-arabia-women-drivers/

tasks
Tasks
  • Finish your map quest.
  • Now it’s time to go back into history. Take out a gold text book. Read chapter 1, section 2 (pg. 14-18).
  • As you read, take notes on the following:
    • Identify 3 turning points in human prehistory (events that significantly changed life)
    • Write one sentence explaining how each turning point changed life.
    • Make a running list of skills people who lived in the prehistoric period needed to have in order to survive.
setting the scene
Setting the Scene
  • About 2.6 million years ago, the Earth was in an Ice Age.
the stone age
The Stone Age
  • People who lived during this time relied on hunting large animals such as mammoths for food.
  • These people were nomads. To make sure they always had food nearby, they never stayed in one place. They followed the herds of animals.
  • To help them hunt they used stone tools.
turning point 1
Turning Point #1
  • Discovery of Fire!
  • Fire allowed early people to move into cold climates.
  • This helped people spread all around the world.
turning point 2
Turning Point #2
  • As the Ice Age began to end around 11,500 years ago, the climate became drier and large animals headed north.
  • People needed to find new sources of food.
turning point 21
Turning Point #2
  • People needed to find new sources of food.
  • This led to the invention of farming, which first started in Southwest Asia
  • What invention makes this possible?
turning point 22
Turning Point #2
  • People needed to find new sources of food.
  • This led to the invention of farming, which first started in Southwest Asia

The Plow!

slide14

Look carefully at this map.

Identify 2 areas where farming began.

How do you think farming spread around the world?

why is farming such a big deal
Why is farming such a BIG deal?
  • People start settling down in one place instead of moving around.
  • Farming creates a surplus of food—not everyone has to hunt or gather to survive.
  • Families could have more kids.
  • Land ownership / controlling land starts to become more important.
  • Cities begin to be built in areas where the soil was good for farming.
  • Governments needed to form to make rules and establish order for a rising population.
turning point 3
Turning Point #3
  • Taming– or domesticating—animals
  • This helped increase nutrition and gave people access to resources like wool, leather and other animal products.
  • Animals could also be used in farming, carrying heavy loads, hunting or controlling pests.