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Prehistory. 1. What do we call Prehistory ?. From the emergence of our ancestors , 5 million years ago , to the invention of writing , 5000 years ago. There were no written texts. Paleolithic Age  5 million years ago. Hunting and gathering.

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1 what do we call prehistory
1. What do wecallPrehistory?

Fromtheemergence of ourancestors, 5 millionyearsago, to theinvention of writing, 5000 yearsago

Therewere no writtentexts

PaleolithicAge 5 millionyears ago. Hunting and gathering

NeoliticAge 11.000 years, theystarted to live in villages, practisedagriculture and raisedcattle

3 periods

Metal Ages 7000 years ago. Theystarted to use metal to createobjects

2 the study of prehistory
2. Thestudy of Prehistory

Time difficult to study due to the shortage of the remains and the absence of writing.

Remainsconverted in fossils: turningintostone

They appear in archaeological sites

Archaeologists: experts responsible for researching, digging up and studying material remains to find out how were our ancestors and their life. They work together with other scientists like geneticists, paleontologists and anthropologists.

3 the hominization process
3. Thehominizationprocess

The first humans appeared in Africa t about 5 million years. Since then underwent changes that led them from beings with characteristics similar to apes, to the species we are today.

TheHominizationProcess

slide5

It was not a linear process, some species coexisted in time and other extinct were replaced by other beings

4 the expansion of human beings
4. The expansion of human beings

Os primeiros humanos trasladábansedun lugar a outrona procura de comida. Cada vez cara a lugares máisafastados.

  • Primeiroestendéronse por África
  • Algúns grupos continuaron por Asia e Europa
  • Dende Asia, hai 60.000 anos partiron en pequenas balsas cara as illas de Oceanía
  • América hai 20.000 anos, camiñando polos xeos que unían Asia e América do Norte.
5 life in the paleolithic age
5. Life in thePaleolithicAge

The Paleolithic Age goes from the emergence of the first human being, 5 million years ago, to the invention of agriculture and cattle, 11000 years ago.

People organized in tribes, hunting, fishing and gathering. They did not live in a fixed site and created manufactured tools.

nomadic

Life

Small tribes

6 rites and beliefs
6. Rites and beliefs

Theybelieved in supernatural forces theyburiedthedeath

7 paleolithic art
7. Paleolithic art

Firstpaintings

35000 yearsago first art

Ritual meaning?

sculpture and engraving
Sculpture and engraving
  • Engraved in stone and bones
  • Small sculptures venus
8 the neolithic revolution
8. TheNeolithicRevolution
  • Peoplelearnedhow to domesticateanimals

13000 yearsago

  • Discovery of theagriculture. Theycultivatecereals

They store food

Sedentarylife

Life in villages

9 life in the neolithic
9. Life in theNeolithic

Polishedstone

Textiles

Workbecamespecialised

Technicalchanges

Pottery

10 the metal ages
10. The Metal Ages

7000 yearsago

11 life in the metal ages
11. Life in the Metal Ages
  • New traderoutes villagesturnintocities
  • New professions: traders, priests and warriors

Social division

12 change in the beliefs
12. Change in thebeliefs
  • Rituals to theMotherGoddess
  • Belief in the afterlife and cult of the dead, burial urns with trousseau. Incineration.
13 changes in the art
13. Changes in the art

Neolithicpaintings

  • Human beings
  • Schematic
  • Onlyonecolour
megalithic monuments
Megalithicmonuments

Builtwithbig blocks of stone

14 prehistory in the iberian peninsula
14. Prehistory in theIberianPeninsula

1 millionyearsago, humas wentout of Africa and arrived to Europe

Paleolithic

  • Human remains: Atapuerca, 800.000 yearsago
  • Cave art: homo sapiens, 40.000 years ago. Cave of Altamira
neolithic
Neolithic
  • Paintings in levante
  • Mámoas in Galicia
metal age
Metal Age
  • Megalithicmonuments in theatlanticzone, Andalucía and Baleares
  • Galicia  tradewithEurope
  • Petroglyhps