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Prehistory. What is Prehistory?. The period before recorded history. Items from that time period are called “prehistoric”. Examples – fossils, artifacts, cave drawings, early graves, bones, ruins, and middens ( piles of garbage) . Periods of Prehistory.

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What is prehistory
What is Prehistory?

  • The period before recorded history.

  • Items from that time period are called “prehistoric”.

    • Examples – fossils, artifacts, cave drawings, early graves, bones, ruins, and middens ( piles of garbage)

Periods of prehistory
Periods of Prehistory

Paleolithic – (old Stone age) time before 10,000BC

Neolithic – (new stone age) time since 8000 BC

Paleolithic old stone age
Paleolithic (Old Stone Age)

  • People were nomadic.

    • They roamed around looking for food.

  • Nomads – people who move around as food runs out.

  • No permanent settlements.

  • At the end of the Old Stone Age people started to live off the land.

Neolithic new stone age
Neolithic (New Stone Age)

People learned how to make tools and clothes, developed languages, grow crops…

At the beginning of the New Stone Age people were considered “civilized”.

People got most of their food from farming.

This was the beginning of the:

Neolithic revolution

Neolithic Revolution

Read pages 27 and 28

Answer the following
Answer the following:

What was the Neolithic Revolution?

What were the effects of the Neolithic Revolution?

The effects of the revolution
The Effects of the Revolution


  • Permanent Communities could develop. Why?

    • They had the ability to produce mass amounts of food.

    • The earliest known village is . (8000 BCE)

  • Populations grew because of increased food supply.

  • Learning how to make pottery and work with metals.

    • This was one of their most important developments. Why?

  • Government systems began to head communities.

    • A single chief likely filled a religious role as well, such as asking the gods to protect the harvest.

What do you think would be required in order for a civilization to be considered “civilized”?

Read pages 29 and 30

Where does the word civilization originate?

Where were the earliest civilizations established?

What encouraged the civilizations to establish where they did?

Pg. 29 #2

Civilization civilization to be considered “civilized”?

  • With more organized societies developing, knowledge of farming, trade, government, law, art, and science would grow.

  • “Civilization” comes from the Latin word “civis” meaning “citizens”.

  • The first civilizations developed in at least SIX different locations and existed independently of one another for a very long time. They were located in:

  • 1) Mesopotamia (the oldest) civilization to be considered “civilized”?

  • 2) Eygpt

  • 3) India

  • 4) Island of Crete

  • 5) China

  • 6) Central America

What encouraged settlement
What encouraged settlement? civilization to be considered “civilized”?

  • Climate played a big role.

  • All were in the northern hemisphere in moderate climates. Why?

    • Away from extreme heat or cold.

    • Wet and dry seasons allowed for good crop growth.

  • 4 were in river valleys with fertile land.

Requirements of a civilization
Requirements of a civilization civilization to be considered “civilized”?

  • Must have:

    • Written language

    • Technology

    • Knowledge of how to build structures from stone or brick.

    • Specialization and diversity of labour.

Homework civilization to be considered “civilized”?

  • Study “LOOKING BACK” on pages 30 & 31.

  • Carefully read about “SKILL DEVELOPMENT” on pages 32 & 33. Draw a similar chart using focus questions from your everyday life.

    Example: Factual  How long does it take me to brush my teeth?

Back civilization to be considered “civilized”?