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Saturn. By Caroline Cramer. Symbol and Name. Saturn is named for the Roman god of Agriculture. In English Saturn means Saturday. Discovery . Galileo observed Saturn in 1610 In 1659 Christian Huygens figured out the geometry of the rings. Visited by NASA in 1979. Measurements .

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saturn

Saturn

By Caroline Cramer

symbol and name
Symbol and Name
  • Saturn is named for the Roman god of Agriculture.
  • In English Saturn means Saturday
discovery
Discovery
  • Galileo observed Saturn in 1610
  • In 1659 Christian Huygens figured out the geometry of the rings.
  • Visited by NASA in 1979
measurements
Measurements
  • Distance from the sun (9.54 AU)
  • Distance from earth (8.54 AU)
  • Mass: 5.6832 times 10 26 Kg
  • Volume: 8.2713 times 10 14 Km3
  • Density: 0.687 g/cm3
orbit and rotation
Orbit and Rotation
  • Orbit the sun: 10,759 days
  • Rotate on it’s axis: 10 hours 13 minutes
gravity and atmosphere
Gravity and atmosphere
  • Would Saturn float or sink in water?
  • Saturn would float, if there was enough water, because it is made of mostly gas and it is less dense then water.
  • Saturn’s gravity is 91% of earth’s gravity
  • Saturn has a thick atmosphere
  • Made mainly of hydrogen and helium
composition and appearance
Composition and Appearance
  • Saturn is a gas giant which means that it does not have a solid surface.
  • Internal composition: rocks and ice
  • Appearance: Large, grey/orange,
  • Large circling rings.
rings
Rings
  • Made of chunks of rock and ice
  • 7 thin rings (169,800 miles wide, 0.62 thin)
  • Grey, blue, and greenish
  • Each ring orbits at a different speed
  • In 1659 Christiaan Huygens discovered the rings
water
Water
  • There are small chunks of water and ice in the atmosphere.
  • In 2010 and 2011 a storm churned water and ice up from within the thick atmosphere
moons
moons
  • 53 moons
  • Titan is a well known moon
  • The others are Atlas, Calypso, Dione, Enceladus, Hyperion, Iapetus, Janus, Mimas, Phobe, Tethys
weather
Weather
  • Cool temperatures (minus 288 degrees Fahrenheit)
  • Every saturn year (equivalent to 30 Earth years) an enormous storm is produced
  • known as the great white spots
  • First observation of these storms was in 1876
what if you traveled to saturn
What if you traveled to Saturn?
  • Saturn can not support life
  • You would not be able to walk because Saturn is made of gas.
  • You would freeze because of the cold temperatures
  • You would suffocate because there is no oxygen
cool facts
Cool facts
  • If Saturn was the size of a basketball, earth would be a nickel
  • Saturn spins so quickly on its axis that the planet flattens itself out into an oblate spheroid.(it looks flat)
  • Saturn is the least dense planet in the Solar System
bibliography
Bibliography
  • Nola Taylor Redd. "Saturn's Temperature: One Cool Planet." Space.com. Space.com, 14 Nov. 2012. Web. 25 Dec. 2013.
  • "Mystery of Saturns Great White Spot." Http://www.dailygalaxy.com/my_weblog/2013/06/mystery-of-saturns-great-white-spot-solved.html. N.p., 24 June 12. Web.
  • "Solar System Exploration: Planets: Saturn: Overview." Solar System Exploration: Planets: Saturn: Overview. N.p., n.d. Web. 31 Dec. 2013.
  • "Saturn:Overview." Olar System Exploration: Planets: Saturn: Overview." Solar System Exploration: Planets: Saturn: Overview. N.p., N.d. Web. 31 Dec. 2013.N.p., n.d. Web.
  • "Nine Planets." The Solar System Tour. N.p., n.d. Web. 31 Dec. 2013.
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