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Ancient Egypt. The number of people settling around the Nile increased. They had to band together and form civilizations. They formed 2 kingdoms: 1. Lower Egypt 2. Upper Egypt. Upper & Lower Egypt. The 2 kingdoms had their own rulers, who were kings, traditions and beliefs.

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slide2

The number of people settling around the Nile increased.

  • They had to band together and form civilizations.
  • They formed 2 kingdoms:

1. Lower Egypt 2. Upper Egypt

upper lower egypt
Upper & Lower Egypt
  • The 2 kingdoms had their own rulers, who were kings, traditions and beliefs.
  • The 2 kingdoms did not get along with one another.
menes
Menes
  • Menes was a leader of Upper Egypt
  • He didn’t like that the 2 kingdoms did not get along. Therefore, he wanted to unify Upper and Lower Egypt.
  • Menes had his army to invade Lower Egypt and take control of the kingdom.
  • Menes became the first Pharaoh, or ruler, of Egypt.
  • The word Pharaoh means “great house”.
slide5

The Egyptians believed that the Pharaoh was both a king and a god.

  • They believed in many gods, but thought that the Pharaoh was sent to earth to look after the land for all the gods.
  • Because the people thought so highly of the pharaoh, his job was very difficult.
  • The Pharaoh had to hire people to work for him.
religion
Religion
  • Egyptians practiced polytheism, which is the belief in many gods.
  • They had very strong religious beliefs.
  • They built temples for each god, and the temples would collect payments from the government and worshipers.
  • They had a god for everything, including the sun, earth, sky, underworld, etc.
slide8

Many gods and goddesses mixed human and animal form.

For example, they may have a human body, but an animal head.

afterlife
Afterlife
  • The majority of the religion focused on the afterlife, or life after death.
  • To the Egyptians, the afterlife was a place of health and happiness.
  • After a person passed away, the family would fill their tomb with items they think they would want/need in the afterlife.
burial practices
Burial Practices
  • The Egyptians believed that a body had to be prepared for the afterlife, and that the body should be preserved.
  • They developed a method called embalming.
  • Embalming is a process that took several weeks, but it allowed bodies to be preserved for many, many years.
burial practices1
Burial Practices
  • After a body was embalmed, it became a mummy, or a specially treated body wrapped in cloth.
  • The embalmed body would be wrapped in many layers of cloth and bandages.
  • The mummy was then placed in a coffin.
  • Embalming and mummification was very expensive, so only the rich people were able to participate in this burial process.
pyramids
Pyramids
  • An Egyptian Pyramid is a huge stone tomb with four triangle-shaped walls that met in a point at the top.
  • Pharaohs were buried at a pyramid.
  • The size of the pyramid determined the greatness of a pharaoh.