Haiti Benjamin CSA II 5A
Capital & Largest City • The capital of Haiti and the largest city is Port-au-Prince.
Haiti’s Area • The area of the country of Haiti is 27,750 square km.
Climate • The climate of Haiti is tropical meaning that the temperature year-round is warm to hot and it is moist year-round.
Elevation Extremes • The high elevation extreme is at Chaine de la Selle which is at 2,680 m. • The low elevation extreme is the Caribbean Sea which is at 0 m.
Country’s Population • The population in Haiti is 9,801,664 people. This rate was as July 2012.
Life Expectancy (Male & Female) • The life expectancy for males in Haiti is 59 years old. • The life expectancy for females in Haiti is 62 years old.
Nationality and Ethnic Groups • The nationality of the people in Haiti is Haitian. While the ethnic groups are Blacks: 95% and Mulattos and Whites: 5%
Religions and Languages • The major religions in Haiti are Conquest, Catholicism, Protestantism, and Voodoo • The main languages spoken in Haiti are Creole and French
Government Type and Independence Day • The type of government in Haiti is a democracy and the Independence Day is January 1st, 1804
Head of State & Chief of State • The Head of State is Michel Martelly • The Chief of State is Boniface Alexandre
Unemployment Rate • Haiti’s unemployment rate is at an extremely high rate of 40.6%
Population Below Poverty Rate • The country of Haiti is a country with a very high poverty rate with 80% of it’s people being below the poverty line
Exchange Rates • The exchange rate of the Haitian Gourde is $1 to 42.15 gourdes
Airports (paved and unpaved) • The number of airports that are paved total 4 airports. There is 1 airport that is 2,438 to 3,047 m and 3 that are 914 to 1,523 m. • The number of airports that are unpaved total 10 airports. There are 2 between 914 and 1,523 m and 8 under 914 m.
Country Conventional Long Name and Flag • The conventional long name of Haiti is the Republic of Haiti • The Flag of Haiti is described as two equal horizontal bands of blue (top) and red with a centered white rectangle bearing the coat if arms, which contains a palm tree flanked by flags and two cannons
Country Motto • The motto that appears on the country coat of arms is “Unity makes strength” • The official national motto of Haiti that appears in the Constitution is “Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity”
Haiti Coat of Arms/ Seal • The Haitian coat of arms and seal is isolated on a white background. This seal shows six draped flags of the country, which are located before a palm tree and cannons on a green lawn. There are items such as a drum, long guns, and ship anchors on the lawn. Above the palm tree there is the national symbol of freedom which is known as the Phrygian cap.
Country Bird/Animal • The National Bird of Haiti is the Hispaniola Trogon
Map of Haiti • Haiti is located on the island of Hispaniola as you can see from the picture on the right.
Bordering Countries and Bodies of Water • The country of Haiti is on the island of Hispaniola with only the Dominican Republic that it shares a border with • The bodies of water that surround this country are the North Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea
History of Haiti • In 1492, Christopher Columbus landed on Haiti and called the entire island Hispaniola • In 1503, the first slaves were brought to Haiti • In 1749, the city of Port-au-Prince was established by Charles Burnier • On January 1st, 1804 Haiti was declared a independent nation by the emperor Jean Jacques Dessalines • In 1806, Jean Jacques Dessalines is assassinated • In 1862, The United States finally grants Haiti diplomatic recognition sending Frederick Douglass as its Consular Minister. • In 1915, U.S. President Woodrow Wilson sends marine troops to Haiti to establish control • In 1934, the U.S. withdraws from Haiti and three years later in 1937, thousands of Haitians living near the border are killed by Dominican Republic soldiers
In 1970, thousands of Haitians attempt to escape poverty by taking boats to Florida • In 1986, widespread rebellion against the president of Haiti breaks out and people are killed • In 1990, Haiti holds there first actual democratic elections • 2004 marked the 200th year of independence in Haiti • In September of 2004, Hurricane Jeanne is responsible for the deaths of over 1,900 people • In 2009, former president Bill Clinton is assigned as the U.N. special envoy to Haiti • In 2010, a 7.0 earthquake hits Haiti and kills over 230,000 and causes major damage all throughout the country
Major Historical Facts • The first people to live in Haiti were either slaves or farmers • People first arrived in Haiti in 1503 and they were slaves • The historical events Haiti is known for are; • Earthquakes • Dominican Republic massacre of thousands of Haitians • Fredrick Douglass becomes Consular Minister to Haiti • The second Republic is declared on January 1st 1804 by Jean Jacques Dessalines
Haiti’s Land Use and Industries • The major purpose the land is Haiti is used for is farming • The major industries are sugar refining, flour milling, textiles, cement and light assembly
Famous Musicians From Haiti • Jason Derulo • Wyclef Jean
Other Famous People From Haiti • Samuel Dalembert, NBA player • Jean Jacques Dessalines, Leader of the First Black Republic
Places to Visit • Port-au-Prince • Carrefour
Places to Visit • Cite Soleil • Martissant
Places to Visit • Bel Air • Les Cayes
Why I think you should visit Haiti • Although Haiti may not seem to many to still have the beauty it did before the earthquake, Haiti is still a very beautiful and rewarding place. Not only does Haiti have beaches to relax and mountains and monuments to site see at but it also has many places where you can help improve others lives. The culture is Haiti is diverse and food, music and traditional dance are important parts of their culture. The weather in Haiti is also very warm and relaxing but there are plenty of palm tree to relax under! Even though Haiti isn’t the traditional place where you would want for vacation if you visit you would want to keep going back.
Bibliography (APA Format) • The World Bank: Working for a World Free of Poverty. (2012). Retrieved from http://www.worldbank.org/en/country/haiti • Country Reports. (2012). Retrieved from http://www.countryreports.org/country/Haiti.htm • The World Factbook. (2012, Oct 14). Retrieved from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ha.html • Travel & living abroad . (2012, Jan 27). Retrieved from http://www.fco.gov.uk/en/travel-and-living-abroad/travel-advice-by-country/country-profile/north-central-america/haiti/ • Haiti. (2012). Retrieved from http://www.compassion.com/about/where/haiti.htm • The Journal of the Louverture Project. (2005, Mar 03). Retrieved from http://journal.thelouvertureproject.org/archives/list-of-famous-people-of-haitian-descent/