ss6g10 b location climate and natural resources n.
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SS6G10.b Location, Climate, and Natural Resources. Germany and Italy. Key Question. How do location, climate, and natural resources affect where people live in Germany?. Vocabulary. Urban- city; heavily populated areas Rural- country side ; less populated areas

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key question
Key Question

How do location, climate, and natural resources affect where people live in Germany?

  • Urban- city; heavily populated areas
  • Rural- country side ; less populated areas
  • Densely populated- many people in an area
  • Marine climate- warm, humid
  • Arable- land good for farming
  • Landlocked- completely surrounded by land; does not border a body of water
germany s location
Germany’s Location
  • North-central Europe on European Plain
  • Densely populated
  • 85% of population live in urban areas
  • Land-3 zones

1. Alps is in southern Germany

2. Hilly – mountainous (middle)

3. Plains (north)

4. Rhine River starts in the Alps

where people live in germany
Where People Live in Germany
  • Population: 82,000,000
  • Germany is one of the most densely populated

countries in Europe

  • 85% of population live in urban areas
  • Berlin is the largest city and capital
rhine river
Rhine River
  • Rhine River-
  • many Germany cities lie along the Rhine


800 miles long

used for transportation of goods and people


Germany- travel and trade

excellent highway system

ports (exports & imports)

airports (14 major airports)

Which would be easier for transportation of good, the Alps or the European Plain? Why?

germany s climate
Germany’s Climate
  • Marine climate
  • waters of the Gulf Stream warm the region in winter and cool it in the summer

produces good crops

  • In the west winters are mild and summers are cool,

with rain fall all year

  • In the east winters are very cold

with long hot summers with very little rain

germany s natural resources
Germany’s Natural Resources
  • Many Natural Resources

Mining: iron, coal, potash

Nuclear Fuel: Uranium

Nickel, natural gas, copper

Renewable Resources


Arable Land- 1/3 (used for crops)

italy s location
Italy’s Location
  • Southern Europe
  • Peninsula
  • Northern border-Alps
  • Shares a border with France, Switzerland, Austria, and Slovenia
  • About ½ the people in Italy live in the most northern 1/3 of the country.

Landforms- Alps, Apennine Mountains

Islands: Sicily, Sardinia (located in the

Mediterranean Sea)

  • Ships- Long history of trade because of its location on the Mediterranean Sea. It ships to and from Europe and Asia.
  • There are more than 800 ports
  • 7 major airports
  • 8 major seaports
  • Excellent highways, bridges, and tunnels
italy s climate
Italy’s Climate
  • Mediterranean Climate- temp is comfortable most of the year
  • Dry summers-Rain is rare in summer
  • Sea helps it from getting too hot in summer and too cold in winter
  • The Alps block cold air coming down from the north.
  • The warm dry air form Sahara Desert in northern Africa sends flows into Italy for much of the year.
italy s different climate zones
Italy’s Different Climate Zones
  • Mountains- climate changes with the altitude

(Alps have snowy winters)

  • South is drier than the north
  • Northern Italy gets enough rain for growing crops
italy s natural resources
Italy’s Natural Resources
  • Few mineral resources
  • Natural gas is the most valued- used to help supply the energy needs of the country
  • Marble and granite (buildings and artwork)
  • Coal, mercury, zinc, and potash
italy s natural resources1
Italy’s Natural Resources
  • Arable land

small farms cover Italy

grow grapes and olives

top wine making country

  • Sea

fishing -anchovies and sardines (important to the economy)

gather sponges and coral

where people live in italy
Where People Live in Italy
  • Population: 58,000,000
  • 7 out of 10 Italians live in Urban areas
  • About ½ of the people of Italy live in the northern 1/3 of the country
  • What geographic feature makes it more difficult for Italian merchants to trade with countries north of Italy?
  • What has helped Italian merchants become successful traders?
  • Describe the Italian climate.
  • What industry is MOST helped by Italy’s arable land and good amounts of rainfall?
  • What type of climate is found in Germany?
  • What types of resources are found in Germany?
  • Name 2 natural resources found in Italy and 2 found in Germany.
  • Which river starts in the Alps?