The Racing Rules of Sailing 2013 − 2016 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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The Racing Rules of Sailing 2013 − 2016
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The Racing Rules of Sailing 2013 − 2016

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  1. The Racing Rules of Sailing 2013 − 2016

  2. Strategy Tactics Techniques 75% Pattern Recognition 25% Racing Rules

  3. Two Basic RRS Principles More Manuverable Boat KEEP CLEAR Keep Clear shall Less Manuverable Boat R-O-W Give Room shall

  4. 11 Windward/Leeward

  5. 12 Overtaking/Overtaken

  6. 10 Viking boat design 410AD

  7. 10 Starboard Tack Port Tack

  8. KEEP CLEAR LIMITATIONS Keep Clear Give Room 14 13 15 16 10 12 11 17 “We are / are not overlapped!” “Wait until the zone.” I do / do not have room to give mark-room. I did everything possible to give room “I am / You are at the zone, “Mark Room / No Mark Room” “I doubt it / No doubt” 18 give mark-room Outside / clear astern gives mark-room 19 Inside r-o-w must gybe if that’s her proper course. Def: Overlapped 18.2(e) 18.2(d) 18.2(b) 18.4 18.2(c) 21 (Forever–unless outside tacks or leaves the zone) 22-Shall Restarting Doing penalty Sailing backwards 23-If possible Capsized Anchored Aground 24-If reasonably possible Boat not racing Doing a penalty Another leg 22 Taking mark room you deserve means not having to say “you’re sorry” for breaking 10, 11, 12, 13, 15, or 16. 23 20 24 21 “You’re Excused” Exoneration

  9. RULE REALITIES #1 The John McCain Answer Born 1936 – In January 2009, at 61, he would have been the oldest person take the presidential oath of office for the first time.

  10. KEEP CLEAR GIVE ROOM Rule 16 Rule 10 • FACTS • J/24s • Wind - 5 kts • Missed by 1 meter • BLUE protested – thenwent on to start the race

  11. KEEP CLEAR GIVE ROOM Rule 16 Rule 10 • FACTS • J/24s • Wind - 5 kts • Missed by 1 meter 2

  12. KEEP CLEAR GIVE ROOM Rule 16 Rule 10 • FACTS • J/24s • Wind - 25 kts • Missed by 1 meter • BLUE yelled “Protest” – then lost control. The boat • gybed, went head to wind and into irons.

  13. KEEP CLEAR GIVE ROOM Rule 16 Rule 10 BLUE – Port Tack YELLOW – StbdTack Rule 16: “… shall give room to keep clear …” Rule 10: “… shall keepclear…” Def: Room– “… space needed in existing conditions … to keep clear … while manoeuvring promptly in a seamanlike way.” Def: Keep Clear- “… if the R-O-W boat can sail her course with no need to take avoiding action…” #1 #2 J/24, 25kts, 1m, uncontrolled gybe Facts: J/24, 5kts, 1m, started BLUE did not keep clear & YELLOW did not give room Conclusions: Kept clear & Gave Room DSQ YELLOW DISALLOWED Decision: BLUE Exonerated When, as a consequence of breaking a rule a boat has compelled another boat to break a rule, the other boat shall be exonerated. Rule 64.1(b)

  14. Third & Fourth Scenarios #3 #4 VerbaNon Acta Deer In The Headlights BLUE DSQ BLUE DSQ Words not Action

  15. INTERMISSION

  16. PRE-START 2

  17. KEEP CLEAR GIVE ROOM It Depends 18 Can I go in there?

  18. KEEP CLEAR GIVE ROOM It Depends 18 Rule 18 MARK-ROOM Preamble – “… does not apply at a starting mark surrounded by navigable water or at its anchor line, from the time boats are approaching them to start until they have passed them.” 1st It Depends – Are you approaching the starting line to start? 2nd It Depends – When BLUE sticks her bow in, is there room for her to pass through?

  19. You be the judge Can BLUE pass through? We think no. 2nd It Depends – When BLUE sticks her bow in, is there room for her to pass through?

  20. You be the judge Can BLUE pass through? We think no. 2nd It Depends – When BLUE sticks her bow in, is there room for her to pass through?

  21. You be the judge Can BLUE pass through? We think yes. 2nd It Depends – When BLUE sticks her bow in, is there room for her to pass through?

  22. You be the judge Can BLUE pass through? We think yes. 2nd It Depends – When BLUE sticks her bow in, is there room for her to pass through?

  23. WINDWARD 1 The classic Port - Starboard

  24. KEEP CLEAR GIVE ROOM

  25. At the protest hearing YELLOW says …

  26. At the protest hearing BLUE says …

  27. KEEP CLEAR GIVE ROOM Who is most likely to sway the protest committee? 16 10 YELLOW says … BLUE says … You probably know the answer. The “why” may surprise you. Who has the onus? Preponderance of the evidence (or the balance of probabilities). Hear all the evidence. -- Weigh the evidence. -- Whichever has more weight – 49% / 51% In this case starboard is usually in a better position to see the situation develop and determine whether she needs to change course to avoid a collision, so her evidence is given more weight.

  28. WINDWARD 2 The tactics of a duck

  29. KEEP CLEAR GIVE ROOM 16 10 Let’s slam dunk BLUE and also go right. Let’s duck YELLOW and go right.

  30. KEEP CLEAR GIVE ROOM 16 10

  31. KEEP CLEAR GIVE ROOM 13 Slam Dunk 16 10

  32. Slam Dunk 2009 Shaquille O’Neal Kobi Bryant Trevor Ariza (a-RYE-za)

  33. KEEP CLEAR GIVE ROOM Slam Dunk 16 10 Tactics to defeat a Slam Dunk

  34. KEEP CLEAR GIVE ROOM Slam Dunk 16 10 Slam Dunk Don’t aim behind Aim at the helmsman Tactics to defeat a Slam Dunk

  35. KEEP CLEAR GIVE ROOM 16 10 Don’t aim behind Aim at the helmsman Tactics to defeat a Slam Dunk

  36. KEEP CLEAR GIVE ROOM 16 10 Don’t aim behind Aim at the helmsman

  37. WINDWARD 3 Piggy In The Middle

  38. KEEP CLEAR GIVE ROOM Rule 20 – “When approaching an obstruction, a boat may hail for room to tack and avoid a boat on the same tack. …” BLUE, Please keep clear. RED, Give me room to tack please. Okay. Here I go. BLUE must: Be required to make a substantial alteration of course to miss the obstruction Be sailing a close hauled course The obstruction is not a mark. Hail (what?) Give the hailed boat time to respond After hailed boat responds, must tack ASAP 20 Hailing for room to tack. What happens if BLUE does not really need to tack? RED must respond (and protest).

  39. RED is now at a bigdisadvantage. She is the leeward boat on pinned stbd tack. Does she have a better response?

  40. Rule 20.2(c) “The hailed boat shall … tack ASAP, or (Response Option #2) by immediately replying ‘You tack’ … .” BLUE, Please keep clear. ‘YOU TACK’ What? Okay, YOU TACK RED, Give me room to tack please.