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16 GOLDEN RULES for…. c hanging your grade to a higher one!. Rule 1. Use more complex connectives Pendant que j’étais là = while I was there Comme je suis tombé = because I fell Ce que je trouve fascinant = what I find fascinating

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16 golden rules for

16 GOLDEN RULES for…

changing your grade to a higher one!

rule 1
Rule 1

Use more complex connectives

  • Pendantquej’étaislà = while I was there
  • Comme je suis tombé = because I fell
  • Ce que je trouve fascinant = whatI findfascinating
  • Au moment oùj’allaispartir = just as I was going to leave
  • Lorsque je suis allé = when I went
  • Ceci dit/cependant/d’une part…d’autre part

Try some for yourself!

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rule 2
Rule 2

Use a variety of pronouns

  • Tu fais souvent du vélo ? J’ENfaisdeuxfois par jour – I do some (of it) twice a day
  • Tu vas souvent au stade? J’Yvaisdeuxfois par semaine – I go there twice a week
  • Tu habites à Enfield depuis longtemps ? J’Yhabitedepuis un an – I have been living there for a year

Avec LUI = with him

Pour EUX = For them

Chez ELLE = at her house

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Now add a sentence like this!

rule 3
Rule 3

Use at least one comparative structure and one superlative structure (also use p162 in your textbook)

  • Mon père est PLUS amusant QUE ma mère – more ….then
  • Chingford est MOINS pollué QUE le centre de Londres – less …. Than
  • Mon frère est AUSSI sympa QUE ma sœur .- as…. as
  • La personne LA PLUSgentilLE est … - thekindEST
  • Le pays quej’aimeLE MOINS … - the country I like the least

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Now add a sentence like this!

rule 4
Rule 4

Includes two examples of subjunctive

  • Il fautquej’aille + noun or infinitive = I have to go
  • Il fautque je fasse = I have to do
  • Pour que je puisse = So that I can
  • Bien quecesoit = Although it is
  • Autantque je sache= as far as I know

(This is looking towards the A*!!!)

rule 5
Rule 5

Include two SI sentences using the imperfect and the conditional (also use p167 in your textbook)

  • Si j’avais de l’argent= if I had some money
  • Si j’étais riche = if I were rich
  • Si je pouvais = If I could
  • J’irais= I would go
  • Je visiterais = I would live
  • J’achèterais= I would buy

WOULD = infinitive + imperfect endings

Give me an example sentence like this?

rule 6
Rule 6

Use idioms to sound more authentic

  • 1 – donner un coup de fil à … - to give … a call
  • 2 – donner un coup de main à …- to give a hand to …
  • 3 – avoir le cafard – to feel low
  • 4 – avoir le trac – to have butterflies in the stomach
  • 5 – avoir la tête dans les nuages – to daydream
  • 6 – j’en ai par-dessus la tête de / j’en marre de – to befed up with
  • 7 – je n’en crois pas mes yeux / je n’en reviens pas – I can’tbelieveit
  • 8 – je n’enrevenais pas – I could not believe it
  • 9 – êtrebranché(e) – to be fashionable
  • 10 – se débrouiller – to manage
  • 11 – Il fallait le visitER – it had to be done
  • 12 – Cela en vaut la peine – it is worth it
rule 7
Rule 7

Use 1 or 2 exclamations!

  • 13 – Quel désastre !/ Quelle catastrophe !! = ………………………………………………….
  • 14 – Quel voyage agréable = ………………………………………………….
  • 15 – Quel cauchemar = ………………………………………………….
  • 16 – Quelle (FEM) bonne journée! = ………………………………………………….
  • 17 – Comme c’était horrible! = ………………………………………………….

What a disaster! What a catastrophe!

What a pleasant trip!

What a nightmare!

What a good day!

It was so horrible!

rule 8
Rule 8

Use a variety of opinion structures

  • 18 – I think that = ………………………………………………….
  • 19 – I believe that = ………………………………………………….
  • 20 – I found that = ………………………………………………….
  • 21 – it seems to me that = ………………………………………………….

Je penseque

Je croisque

Je trouveque

Il me sembleque

rule 9
Rule 9

Use a variety of justifications

  • 22 – because it is my dream = ………………………………………………….
  • 23 – since it will be fascinating = ………………………………………………….
  • 24 – as it is my favourite country ( PAYS) = ………………………………………………….

…parce que c’est mon rêve 

…puisque ca sera fascinant

…comme c’est mon pays préféré

rule 10
Rule 10

Rule 10 – “ avant de “ + infinitive = before doing something

Before eatING = avant de manger

  • 25 – before leaving = ………………………………………………….
  • 26 – before doing my homework = ………………………………………………….

avant de partir

avant de faire mes devoirs

rule 11
Rule 11

Complex structure= after doing something

After visiting = après avoirvisité

  • 27 – after buying = ………………………………………………….
  • 28 – after doing = ………………………………………………….
  • 29 – after arriving = après être …………………………………….

après avoir acheté

après avoir fait

après êtrearrivé

rule 12
Rule 12

En + present participle = on/ while doing something

  • On/while arriving = en arrivANT
  • 30 – while going = ………………………………………………….
  • 31 – while playing = ………………………………………………….
  • 32 – while singing = ………………………………………………….

En allant

En jouant

En chantant

rule 13
Rule 13

Rule 13 – “ je viens de “ + infinitive = I have just

I have just spend = Je viens de passer

  • 33 – I have just reserved = ………………………………………………….
  • 34 – I have just bought = ………………………………………………….
  • 35 – I have just called = ………………………………………………….
  • 36 – I have just receipted = ………………………………………………….

Je viens de réserver

Je viens d’ acheter

Je viens de appeler

Je viens (juste) de recevoir

rule 14
Rule 14

Rule 14 – in order to

37 – in order to = pour + infinitive in order to = afin de + infinitive

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Now add a sentence like this!

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Rule 15

Use negative structures

  • 38 - Je n’ai ______ pers___________ = I saw nobody
  • 39 – Je n’ai ________ achet____ = I didn’t buy anything
  • 40 – Je ___________ vais j_____________ = I never go
  • 41 – I never read = ……..………………….
  • 42 – I visited nothing = ……………………………………………

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Je n’ai jamais lu

Je n’ai rien visité

rule 16
Rule 16

Rule 16 – use sentences with OU ( where) , QUAND ( when ), QUI and QUE ( who , that)

  • 43 – The park that is near my house =
  • 44 – The bag that I bought =
  • 45 – the sport that I prefer is =
  • 46 – the town where I stayed =
  • 47 – When the weather is nice =

Dans le parc qui est près de ma maison.

Le sac que j’ai acheté

Le sport que je préfère est

La ville ou j’ai resté

Quand il fait beau