Protecting Your Family’s Soul and Safety Online Ernest Staats Technology Director MS Information Assurance, CISSP, MCSE, CNA, CWNA, CCNA, Security+, I-Net+, Network+, Server+, A+ email@example.com Resources available @ http://www.es-es.net/2.html Outline Golden Rules Cyber Predators
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MS Information Assurance, CISSP, MCSE, CNA, CWNA, CCNA, Security+, I-Net+, Network+, Server+, A+
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Factors That Increase Risk Online
Securing Your Online Connections
What Is Posted About Your Family Online
Common Chat Terms to Know
Bypass Internet Filters
Keep Internet in public space as much as possible
Spend “cybertime” with your child
Teach Internet rules & consequences—parent your values online
Limit time—keep kids busy beyond screens
Talk to your child about what they are doing
Rules from “real” life apply: courtesy, kindness, modesty, dignity, respect for the law and for others, etc.
Don’t talk to strangers
Keep your private information private
Never agree to meet an online friend without your parents
There are no guarantees that what you say or post on the Internet is private
Information (including photos, videos, etc.) posted on the Internet can last forever
Tell your parents if you encounter something uncomfortable
Don’t reply to unknown screen names on IM
Never open e-mail from strangers or click on any attachments
Find the “good” online – good friends, good Web sites, good games – and enjoy
Make contact- that is their goal
MySpace the worry. Easily tracked
“…A child goes missing every 40 seconds in the U.S, over 2,100 per day” (OJJDP)
In 2005 662,196 children were reported lost, runaway, or kidnapped (ncmec)
2/3 of all missing children reports were for youths aged 15-17 (ncmec)
2/5 missing children ages 15-17 are abducted due to Internet activity (ICAC)
Do the math--over 2 million teens age 15-17 are abducted due to Internet activity
Chat room, IM, networking sites, blogs
Portrays same age, same likes, same dislikes
Portrays age-typical awkwardness
Begins to share some secrets
Telephone (which can be faked)
Webcamming (which can be faked)
Verbal chat on Internet (which can be faked)
Are patient when developing a relationship
Based loosely on the “Missing Game” available online at www.livewwwires.com
Just like you – befriending offer attention and affection
Develops trust –sympathizes, while reinforcing feelings of alienation
Establishes secrecy -- obtain incriminating evidence
Erodes barriers -- the “honeymoon phase”
Direct intimidation -- guilt and threats used as coercion to meet them or give more information
Face-to-face meeting --the truth emerges
Keep usernames and profiles generic and anonymous
Discuss your child’s online screen name(s), profile(s), and activities. Many provide too much personal information. Ensure all screen names and profiles are non-specific, non-suggestive, and purposely vague.
Avoid posting personal photos
Pictures can be altered to embarrass or humiliate. They also provide personal information that can help an Internet predator pretend to know you, your children, and/or their friends.
Always keep private information private
With just three pieces of personal information, specialized Internet search engines can be used to locate someone anywhere. Internet conversations should never include any personal information.
Keep the computer in an open area
A responsible adult should always accompany minors while they access the Internet to provide support and direction should they be confronted with an aggressive solicitation or inappropriate materials.
Respect children’s privacy
Respect your child’s privacy, but make certain they personally know everyone on their e-mail “buddy” list. Work to generate parent-child trust that supports open and honest Internet use. Ripping out the computer once they tell you they came across porn will destroy the lines of communication.
Be part of your child’s online experience
It can be a fun journey to explore the wonders of the Internet as a family. As computer-savvy as kids and teens are today, they will certainly teach you a thing or two!
Name Age Birthday Phone Number
Schedule School Location
Photos and videos should never be posted online if they
More technical knowledge than parents
Teens who feel they are not listened to
Do not feel like they are getting enough attention
Do not communicate about who or what they are doing online
Deleting computer’s Internet history
Minimize screen or switch to another screen quickly when someone comes in the room
Unexplained phone calls
Posting photos online
Meeting people online that you do not know in the real world
Online accounts with suggestive names
Talking about parties online
Having blogs and other public online discussions (HR and college acceptance boards are now using these to screen people)
Expressing heated/strong opinions
30% of teenage girls polled by the Girl Scout Research Institute said they had been sexually harassed in a chat room
Only 7 %, however, told their mothers or fathers about the harassment, as they were worried that their parents would ban them from going online (Girl Scout Research Institute 2002)
47% of children have received e-mails with links to pornographic websites (Symantec market research report, June 2005)
69% of teens regularly receive personal messages online from people they don't know and most of them don't tell a trusted adult about it (Teen Research Unlimited. "Cox Communications Teen Internet safety Survey Wave II," March 2007
28% of teens said they use code words on a daily basis to hide their online conversations from their parents – example: “PIR” means “parent in room”, P9, P911, or 911(Teen Research Unlimited, “Topline Findings from Omnibuss Research,” October 2005.). WW Kids
79% of sexual solicitation incidents happened to youth while they were using their home computer Wolak, J., Mitchell, K., & Finkelhor, D. (2006). Online victimization of youth
Only 5% of youth who received a sexual solicitation and 2% of youth who encountered unwanted sexual material online indicated that they have told Wolak, J., Mitchell, K., & Finkelhor, D. (2006). Online victimization of youth
What personal information is your child placing on blogs and personal WebPages?
Often has a stronger impact on teenagers as they have turned to the Internet because they need social affirmation
Can be done by anyone speaking harshly to someone else online
Often follows online chatting while angry
Nearly one in four teens in a relationship (24%) communicated with their partner via cellphone or texting HOURLY between midnight and 5:00am (Teen Research Unlimited, "Tech Abuse in Teen Relationships," January 2007).
One in five teens in a relationship (22%) have been asked to engage in sex by cellphone or the Internet when they do not want to (Teen Research Unlimited, "Tech Abuse in Teen Relationships," January 2007).
43% of youth report that they have experienced some form of cyberbullying in the last year. The incidence of cyberbullying is most prevalent among 15- and 16-year-olds, particularly among girls (Harris Interactive, "Teens and Cyberbullying." Research conducted for the National Crime Prevention Council, February 2007).
Any request for information that comes in e-mail is to be suspect. Call your bank or credit card company first, and do not click on the link. Do not use the phone number sent in the e-mail.
Any phone request for more info is also suspect. So question them first and hang up. Then call the institution to make sure they were calling (be careful of any information given out).
Check the website before you do business with them. Make sure the SSL connection is good.
Monitor you and your child’s credit report regularly
Obtain your credit report at least once a year by phoning either Equifax, Experian, or Trans Union, and look carefully for any unusual or fraudulent activity. Their contact information is on the Internet. Check for FREE at www.annualcreditreport.com/
Child ID theft is a large and growing market. CNN September 14, 2006
Beware of all requests for your personal information online
Criminals copy logos perfectly to trick you. Legitimate companies never send unsolicited requests for personal information. Never give out personal information unless you initiate the correspondence.
Shred documents before putting them in the trash
Bank statements, credit card offers, utility bills, and documents with Social Security or account numbers can be retrieved from your trash by ID thieves, so make a habit of tearing them up before tossing them.
Install a locking mailbox or use the post office
Criminals often obtain the information they need by intercepting mail in unlocked street mailboxes. Only send and receive bills, checks, or other personal correspondence from a secure location.
Limit the amount of personal information you carry in your purse or wallet
Protect your information online by using a firewall, virus protection, and secure Internet browser
Place a fraud alert on your credit
If you have lost your wallet, purse, Social Security card, or passport, or suspect you are a potential victim of ID theft, contact each of the three credit bureaus (Equifax, Experian, and Trans Union) for assistance.
1. Protect your personal information -- Don’t reply to or click on links in any email asking for your personal information
2. Know who you’re dealing with -- When shopping online, look for a seller’s physical address and a working telephone number. Before downloading free software, read the fine print —some downloads come with spyware
3. Use anti-virus software and a firewall, and check for updates daily
4. Be sure to set up your operating system, applications and Web browser software properly, and update them regularly (configure windows/Linux/MAC’s to run automatic updates)
5. Protect your passwords. Keep your passwords in a secure place, and don’t share them on the Internet, over e-mail, or on the phone (use long passwords) (put one on your administrator account)
6. Back up and consider encryptingimportant files. If you have important files stored on your computer, copy them onto a removable disc and store it in a safe place.
7. Remember, being online is the same as being in the worst high crime neighborhood,so be street smart when online.
8. Secure your wireless connections; see more info at www.es-es.net
9. Turn off unnecessary services
10. Turn off file and print sharing if you do not need them
Install and keep up-to-date anti-virus, anti-spyware, and firewall
Microsoft Malicious Software Removal Tool http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?FamilyId=AD724AE0-E72D-4F54-9AB3-75B8EB148356&displaylang=en
CCleaner (Free) http://www.ccleaner.com/download/
Anti-Spyware – A-Squared (free) http://download5.emsisoft.com/a2FreeSetup.exe
AVG Free http://free.grisoft.com/
Use Commercial Web Filtering Software
Free - http://www.k9webprotection.com/
Net Nanny (2007 best) http://www.netnanny.com/
Check internet cache
@winspy (free) http://www.acesoft.net/winspy
Spector Pro to track everything done on a PC http://www.spectorsoft.com/products/SpectorPro_Windows
Look at the online handout on how to check computer history files to find what has been surfed. Also check the settings and documents in My documents to see what is on their account.
Undelete files with Restoration or PC Inspector File recovery to find out what your child has deleted. Look for files in the recycle bin and ones that have been deleted.
Music Movies Videos Photos
MySpace has twice the number of views Google gets a day, for a total of almost 13 million a day. To put that in perspective, that’s 4,475 views a second.5
MySpace gets 150,000 new users a day, the vast majority of whom (90%) are people claiming to be between 14-24 years old.5
96% of students ages 9 to 17 who have access to the Internet have used social networking technologies 71% use it on a weekly basis (Grunwald Associates, "Creating & Connecting - Research and Guidelines on Online Social and Educational Networking," July 2007)
If is on the Internet. IT IS NOT PRIVATE
BeNetSafe™ 12 Features Include:
Automated technology tracks your children's activities online.
Red flags activities that may be dangerous. Compatible with popular teen sites such as MySpace and Xanga.
Nothing to download. Simply sign in online!
24/7 monitoring to chaperone your children when you can't. Works with any computer or operating system.
MySpaceWatch.com is a service that allows you to monitor login activity, track profile changes, and keep a running history of up to 5 myspace.com profiles. Are you a parent who banned your child from myspace only to see that they keep logging on, or are keeping multiple accounts?
Free Account Sign-Up Now
Monitor 1 profile
Profile is crawled twice daily
View up to 25 of a profile's friends
Pro Account Sign-Up Now
Monitor up to 5 profiles
Profile is crawled every 6 hours
View up to 100 of a profile's friends
They offer anonymous monitoring of your child’s MySpace profile
The kids will have no idea someone is watching and reporting on their profile
Receive periodic reports rating critical areas of potential dangers
In the report, the parent will be informed of the concerns found on the profile (i.e. sex, drugs, smoking, drinking, inappropriate pictures, too much information, possible pedophile contact, etc.)
Immediate e-mail alerts to parents if a pedophile is in contact with your child
Know what your child is doing on MySpace without being a snoop
We use a method of positive peer pressure to push your kids to be safer! We contact them with our own personal MySpace profiles. That way, it’s coming from a peer and not an adult or company.
Google search string
site:myspace.com “Hate my parents” 31,100 hits
site:myspace.com "phone number“
Place name in quotation marks (use variations)
“First (Jon) Last”
Legal First (Jonathan) Last”
“First MI Last”
Use groups.google.com and google.com/alerts to look for
your child's name in newsgroups (address, phone number and other personal information)
Go to my website for a Google search tutorial
POS --Parents are looking over my shoulder
POTS -- Parents over the shoulder (my parents are watching; I can't really talk)
P911-- My parents are in the room. P= Parents, and 911= emergency; in other words, either drop the subject or watch the language
WTGP-- Want to go private? (move to a private chat room)
a/s/l or asl - - Age/Sex/Location -- (used to ask a chatter their personal information)
GGOH --Gotta get outta here
OLL --Online love
GTR --Got to run
TNT--'Til next time
LMIRL-- Let's meet in real life
Go to AltaVista’s BabbleFish site
Key in the URL of a porn site and ask BabbleFish to translate it into English (even though the site is already in English).
Changing their browser’s proxy
Using an anonymizer: Use Google to find CGI proxies which are harder to control than common php proxies; highschoolproxy.com, and too many others
Use software to find and destroy filtering software on local PC’s
Turn off filtering software on local PC
Conducting picture searches at Google, AltaVista, or other search engines including UK version of the search engine
THE TRUTH IS THAT FILTERING SOFTWARE KIND OF WORKS AND KIND OF DOESN’T
2. If that doesn't work, you can join our e-mail list where we mail out new circumventor sites every 3 or 4 days.
3. If you have a computer with an uncensored Internet connection, you can follow these easy steps to set up your own circumventor site.
4. If you're trying to get around blocking software that's installed on the local computer and not on the network, use these instructions to boot from the Ubuntu Live CD.
Bypassing Filters PeaceFire
Spector Pro is used for monitoring and recording every detail of PC and Internet activity – in your home or in your office
Selected as the Editors’ Choice by the experts at PC Magazine, Spector Pro records every detail of what they do on the computer – their chats, instant messages, e-mails, the web sites they visit, what they search for, what they do on MySpace, the pictures they post and look at, the keystrokes they type, the programs they run
It’s advanced surveillance screen snapshot features, you get to see not only WHAT they do, but the EXACT order in which they do it, step by step
All resources and more at my website (bottom of page)
Chat Abbreviation -PDF-Download
Cleaning Your Windows Computer -PDF-Download
Free Software for Home Users -PDF-Download
How to Check Your Computers History -PDF-Download
Internet Safety for Kids -PDF-Download
Internet terms -PDF-Download
Internet Safety Plan -PDF-Download
Internet Safety Tips for Parents -PDF-Download
Secure Mac step by Step -PDF-Download
Tracking People around town -PDF-Download
Internet Safety for Kids link list
www.packet-level.com/Kids is very graphic
www.webwisekids.com has excellent resources for parents
Quality and current “nonprofit news service for “kid-tech news.” Based on the premise that informal, engaged parenting is essential to kids’ constructive use of technology and the Net.”
Provides information on how media “can shape your child’s development and what you can do to create a media-literate household.”
Provides a “guide to making the Internet and Technology fun, safe, and productive.”
Advice and information about Internet safety for parents and teachers, plus opportunities to discuss problems and share solutions.
GetNetWise is a public service created by Internet industry corporations and public interest groups with the goal of having “Internet users be only one click away from the resources they need to make informed decisions about their and their family's use of the Internet.”
Created by the National Center for Missing & Exploited Children and Boys & Girls Clubs of America, “the NetSmartz Workshop is an interactive, educational safety resource to teach kids and teens how to stay safer on the Internet.”
Kids.us is an Internet domain where “affiliated sites are regularly screened and monitored” so that “parents and children can trust the sites to provide educational and appropriate online fun.”
Provides family-friendly reviews of media (TV, film, music, Web sites, games, and books) and parent tips on “healthy media diets” for families.
Run by the author of Net-mom's Internet Kids & Family Yellow Pages, a family-friendly directory to 3,500 of the best children's resources the Internet has to offer, this site highlights good sites for kids and provides safety tips for parents
The Safe Side – Stranger Safety Video
Darkness to Light – 7 Steps to Protecting Our Children
National Center for Missing and Exploited Children
Son, Call Me Big Brother
Warning: Adults Only
Family Watchdog – National Sex Offender Search
Search for your local FBI field office
A Parent's Guide to Internet Safety
CyberTip Line, National Center for Missing and Exploited Children
Safe Surfing with your Family, Safe Surfing Checklist
Safeguards, Computer safety tips for your home and child
Tips for Parents to Protect Children from Internet Predators, Guidelines for Parents
Kids Rules for Online Safety
Rules in Cyberspace
Tapscott, The N’ Generation, 1998: 1-2.
World Youth Report 2005
The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation Study, 3/05
Kaiser Family Foundation
Numsum Myspace Stats
Media Central “The Buzz”
The National Youth Agency
The Search Agency
10. Internet Addiction by Wendi Kannenberg http://gien.adventist.org/forum2006/presentations/kannenberg-online-addictions.pdf
11. Internet Safety for Kids
12. US News and World Report – Special Report- September 18,2006
13. 'Predator's Playground‘?
14. Decoding MySpacehttp://www.usnews.com/usnews/news/articles/060910/18myspace_5.htm