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Assimilation Rules. Instructor : Ms. Terri Li-Chi Yueh Sophomore B Members of Group 1 : M aychen Huang 592202221 Jasmine Wu 592202269 Sophia Zheng 592202283 Vanessa Zhan 592202330 Simon Huang 592202441 Coral Chen 592202582 Helen Tsai 592202594. Assimilation Rules. Definition. Assimilation.

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assimilation rules

Assimilation Rules

Instructor:Ms. Terri Li-Chi Yueh

Sophomore B

Members of Group 1:

Maychen Huang592202221Jasmine Wu592202269Sophia Zheng592202283Vanessa Zhan592202330Simon Huang592202441Coral Chen592202582Helen Tsai592202594

assimilation
Assimilation
  • From Latin assimilatio, meaning "to render similar“
  • A linguistic process by which a sound becomes similar to an adjacent sound.
progressive assimilation
Progressive Assimilation

If the phoneme changes to match the preceding phoneme, it is progressive assimilation.

regressive assimilation
Regressive Assimilation

If the phoneme changes to match the following phoneme, it is regressive assimilation.

reciprocal assimilation
Reciprocal Assimilation

If there is a mutual influence between the two phonemes, it is reciprocal assimilation.

consonant assimilation
Consonant Assimilation

In the case the two phonemes can fuse completely and give a birth to a different one. This is called a coalescence. The result of consonant assimilation is usually a geminate consonant.

total assimilation
Total Assimilation
  • “winter” : /t/  [n] / [n] __(meaning that /t/ becomes [n] in the environment after [n]).
  • “center” :/t/  [n] / [n] __(/t/ becomes [n] in the environment after [n]).
partial assimilation
Partial Assimilation
  • “stopped” :/d/  [t] / [p] __(i.e. /d/ becomes [t] in the environment after [p].)
  • “picked” :/d/  [t] / [k] __(i.e. /d/ becomes [t] in the environment after [k].)
progressive or left to right assimilation
Progressive (or left-to-right) Assimilation
  • “dogs” :/s/  [z] / [g] __( the ending [s] is assimilated to [z] by the influence of the preceding voiced [g].)
  • “pubs” :/s/  [z] / [b] __( the ending [s] is assimilated to [z] by the influence of the preceding voiced [b].)
regressive or anticipatory or right to left assimilation
Regressive, or Anticipatory (or right-to-left) Assimilation
  • “miss you” :[m'ISE]/s/  [S] / __ [ j ] .(the sound [s] in [mIs] is changed to [S] by the assimilation of the following palatal glide [ j ].)
double assimilation
Double Assimilation
  • “man” :/A/  [A] / [m] __ [n](The [A] in /mAn/ is nasalized by its preceding [m] and its following [n].)
references
References
  • American English Phonetics作者:孫淑惠 著發行所:文鶴出版有限公司
  • “http://www.indiana.edu/~hlw/PhonProcess/assimilation.html”
  • “http://www.ielanguages.com/linguist.html”
  • “http://www.uni-assel.de/fb8/misc/lfb/html/text/8-4-1.html”