Luis Walter Alvarez By Ellie Peterson
Born in the USA on June 13, 1911 • received B.Sc. from the University of Chicago,1932 • Received a M.Sc. in 1934 • Received a Ph.D. in 1936
Colleges • Professor, Radiation Laboratory of the University of California. • On leave, Radiation Laboratory of the Massachusetts Institute. • Metallurgical Laboratory of the University of Chicago • Los Alamos Laboratory of the Manhattan District
Early development • Worked the fields of optics and cosmic rays. • He is co-discoverer of the "East-West effect". • Concentrated work in the field of nuclear physics • Method for producing beams of very slow neutrons
Accomplishments • first 198Hg lamp • discovered the radioactivity of 3H • responsible for three important radar systems. • the microwave early warning system
Accomplishments • the Eagle high altitude bombing system. • A blind landing system of civilian • military value (GCA, or Ground-Controlled Approach). • developed the detonators for setting off plutonium bomb
Accomplishments • The Berkeley 40-foot proton linear accelerator. • Published the first suggestion for charge exchange acceleration. • development of large liquid hydrogen bubble chambers • devoted most time to study of cosmic rays.
Member of • National Academy of Sciences • American Philosophical Society • American Physical Society (President 1969) • American Academy of Arts and Sciences
Awards • Member of National Academy of Engineering. • Awarded the Collier Trophy • Awarded the John Scott Medaland Prize • Awarded the Medal for Merit
Awards • Was named "California Scientist of the Year" • Awarded the Einstein Medal. • Awarded the Pioneer Award of the AIEEE; • Awarded the National Medal of Science.
Honorary • de grees: • Sc.D., University of Chicago • Sc.D., Carnegie-Mellon University • Sc.D., Kenyon College