Emotional Development & Temperament. Modules 9-2 & 9-3. Emotional Development. Basic emotions are universal They include happiness, fear, anger, surprise, sadness, disgust, interest, etc. Facial expressions (also universal) are the most reliable cues. What is an emotion?.
Modules 9-2 & 9-3
Salovey & Mayer (1990): ability to perceive and express emotion accurately, including:
understanding the roles of emotion in relationships
using feelings to facilitate thought
managing emotions such as anger
Birth attraction & withdrawal
2-3 mos. Social smile, respond to
3-4 mos. Laugh at active stimuli
6-8 mos. Anger, fear, attachment
8-12 mos. Social referencing
18-30 mos. Self-conscious emotions
(shame, guilt, pride)
American culture (social anxiety).