Chap 3 Sect 3 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Chap 3 Sect 3

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  1. Chap 3 Sect 3 • Main Idea – England adopts policies to make trade with the American colonies more profitable • Key Terms – Mercantilism, Dominion of New England, Navigation Acts, Glorious Revolution, English Bill of Rights, John Locke, natural rights

  2. Mercantilsim • Mercantilism = Economic system where the mother country establishes colonies where there are raw materials. They take raw materials from colonies, manufacture products, then sell them to the colonies

  3. The Navigation Acts • Navigation Act 1660 • All goods imported / exported must go on English ships • Certain raw materials can only be sold to England (tobacco, lumber, indigo, others) • Staple Act 1663 • All imports to colonies must pass through England • The purpose of the Acts was to control trade in the colonies and increase profits for England

  4. Colonial Response • Massachusetts ignores the Acts • Smuggling • Colonies don’t need to obey laws not in their best interests • King James II revokes colonial charters • Appoints Royal Governor • Dominion of New England • Land Titles worthless • Only Anglican marriages recognized • Churches/Meetinghouses used for Anglicans

  5. The King goes Catholic !!! • 1688 King James II starts acting Catholic • Practices Catholicism • Prosecutes Anglican Bishops • Wife gives birth to a son – raised Catholic Parliament objects Removes the King Seats William & Mary THE GLORIOUS REVOLUTION

  6. English Bill of Rights • No absolute power • Parliament must approve taxes and use of army • Freedom of speech in Parliament • Impartial Jury

  7. John Locke • An English philosopher • A ruler’s power comes from the people • All people have natural rights • Life • Liberty • Property • If a government violates a people’s rights, they can over throw the government