How did Saturn get its name? Saturn was named after the Romans god of agricultural, the counterpart of the Greek god Kronos, the god of time.
Surface gravity • Metric: 10.4* m/s • English: 34.3 ft/s • By Comparison: If you weigh 100 pounds on Earth you would weigh about 107 pounds on Saturn (at the equator). • The surface temperature is -175 degrees Celsius. • The temperature of the core is 11,700 degrees Celsius. • 96% hydrogen, 3% helium, 1 % of other various trace elements that include: methane, ammonia, ethane, and hydrogen deuteride. • Several of these gases can be found in a gas, liquid, and molten states as you descend into the planet.
Saturn’s Atmosphere • Saturn’s atmosphere is mainly hydrogen and helium. • Saturn’s clouds are more colorful than Jupiter’s • Saturn’s core is made up of metal, rock, and iron • There is large amounts of sulfur In Saturn’s atmosphere which gives Saturn a yellow color
Exploration data Previous Exploration: Pionier11, flyby; September 1, 1979. The Voyager1, flyby; November 12, 1980. The Voyager2, flyby; August 25, 1981. The Cassini Orbiter; July 4, 2004. All Explorations of the planet had to be flybys because there is no solid surface for the probes to land on. Galileo was the first to observe Saturn’s rings.
Saturn’s Rings • Galileo Galilee first gazed upon Saturn in 1610. To his surprise, he discovered that the planet was surrounded by three other separate object. He sketch the planet with 3 outer skins. • Saturn’s rings are made up of billions of ice particles.
Moons of Saturn • There are over 64 moons that orbit Saturn. The moons very from sizes from a kilometer, to the gigantic Titian, which is bigger that the planet Mercury. Titan is the ONLY moon with an atmosphere. So there could be life on Titan.
Facts About Saturn • Saturn is 95 times bigger than earth. • Saturn takes 29.4 earth years or once every 10,755.7 earth days to orbit the sun. • The only planet bigger than Saturn is Jupiter. • Saturn travels at a speed of 21,637 miles per hour or 34,821 kilometers per hour. • Saturn’s core is a small piece of rock and metal. • Saturn’s surface is considered a separation of the atmosphere and the core. • Saturn is so light that it can float on water.
Reference page All the Info collected by Mollie Fischer, Samantha Russell, and Holly Szmanda was found at http://www.superkids.com/ Superkids.com.(2010, March 15). Educational Software Review. http://www.planetfacts.net/Saturn-Facts.html Edmunds(Edmunds,JohnE.D.). Saturn Facts. Retrieved June25, 2009. • http://www.aerospaceguide.net/planetsaturn.html • http://coolcosmos.ipac.caltech.edu/cosmic_kids/AskKids/saturn_orbit.shtml