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Ancient Egypt . By: Florian , Aliya , and Chrissie. Contents . Introduction to Ancient Egypt Education in Ancient Egypt Laws in Ancient Egypt Religion in Ancient Egypt Art in Ancient Egypt Culture in Ancient Egypt Language in Ancient Egypt Economy in Ancient Egypt

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Ancient Egypt


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    1. Ancient Egypt By: Florian, Aliya, and Chrissie

    2. Contents • Introduction to Ancient Egypt • Education in Ancient Egypt • Laws in Ancient Egypt • Religion in Ancient Egypt • Art in Ancient Egypt • Culture in Ancient Egypt • Language in Ancient Egypt • Economy in Ancient Egypt • Government in Ancient Egypt • Bibliography

    3. Timeline of the Ancient Egyptian Civilization CS

    4. Where is Ancient Egypt? • Egypt is in the northeast of Africa • River Nile flows through Egypt • Ancient Egyptians settled along the river • Farmers first settles in 5000BCE CS

    5. When did the civilization start? • Started 3100BCE • Lasted 3000 years • Many changes and turns • 31 dynasties in total AY

    6. Who lived in this area? • Founded by a King Menes • 343B.C.E. The Romans • Cleopatra VII • The Islamic Empire • Ottoman Turks - 1517 • 14th century – black death FP

    7. What was their purpose? • Invention and Ideas • Pyramids and Tombs • Valley of the Kings • Engineering Ideas • Cairo FP

    8. How did if form? • 5000BCE lived in farming villages • Had rituals, gods, and chieftain • 3000BCE united into 2 kingdoms, Lower Egypt and Upper Egypt • 3100BCE King Menes united both kingdoms CS

    9. Education in Ancient Egypt • Stayed with mothers until 4 years old • Fathers educated boys after first 4 years, usually follow in trade of father • Schools for royalty, wealthy, scribes or priests • Girls educated by mother – house keeping, cooking, brewing, making clothes • Women excluded from ruling bureaucracy, temple elite, not eligible to work as scribes CS

    10. The Rosetta Stone • Discovered by Napoleons soldiers' while digging • 1400 years after • Was the key to unlocking the mystery of ancient Egyptian hieroglyphics CS

    11. Government in Ancient Egypt • Revolved around one figure – The pharaoh • Living God • Theocracy • Priests • Army commanders, chief treasurers, the minister of public works, and tax collector • Taxation • Laws FP

    12. Laws in Ancient Egypt • Pharaoh head of legal system – made laws • Laws based on common sense view of right and wrong • Punishments for minor crimes • Punishment for serious crimes (tomb raiding, murder) • New Kingdom – oracles played major role in decision making CS

    13. Ancient Egyptian Economy • Trade on the Mediterranean Sea, Aegean Sea, and the Red Sea. • Other countries bought goods silver, iron, cedar logs, horses, ivory, copper, cattle, leopard skins, and spices. • Main goods • Cost was measured in a deben • Jobs : Merchants, farmers, artist, soldier • Classes FP

    14. Ancient Egyptian Economy Graph Upper Class Middle Class Lower Class FP

    15. The Golden Coin • Archeologists • discovered ancient Egyptian coins • name and image of the biblical Joseph, Cairo's Al Ahram • Newspaper from Egypt • Journalist FP

    16. Art in Ancient Egypt • For over 3500 years • Paint made out of minerals • iron ores (red and yellow ochres), copper ores (blue and green) • soot or charcoal (black), and limestone (white). AY

    17. Art in Ancient Egypt • Why they did art? • To make them proud • Dead Man standing in the barge of the sun worshiping the phoenix, symoble of the sun god of Heliopolis, Tomb of Irinefer AY

    18. Religion in Ancient Egypt • Polytheistic – worshipped more than 2,000 gods and goddesses • Believed in afterlife – Anubis god of the underworld weighed dead person’s heart • All classes planned for burials – royals built large tombs and pyramids, others built smaller tombs • Royal and elite Egyptians preserved by mummification CS

    19. Anubis - god of the dead • The god and guide of the underworld • Weigh each dead person’s heart • Test for purity and truth, if passed would live forever in the beautiful Other World • Win eternal life if no heavier than a feather • If tipped scale the heart was heavy with sin • Would oversee the embalming and mummification of the dead • Today still worshipped by sects of pagan religions CS

    20. Ancient Egyptian Culture • Religion really important • Men and women had many of the same rights • Games • Most slaves were farmers • Cosmetics for work and play AY

    21. Ancient Egyptian Culture • Pets • Royal dogs • Surgeons • Papyrus growers AY

    22. Language in Ancient Egypt • First pictographs • Got more flexible • Hieroglyphics • From greek word • Meaning “sacred carving” • Each picture stood for an idea • Papyrus made out of reeds and used as paper AY

    23. Language in Ancient Egypt • The hieroglyphics these are the letters they used to write with and they also used them to do arts AY

    24. bibliography • http://www.woodlands-junior.kent.sch.uk/Homework/Egypt.html • http://www.love-egypt.com/map-of-egypt.htmlhttp://historylink101.net/egypt_1/a-education.htm • http://www.king-tut.org.uk/ancient-egyptians/ancient-egyptian-education.htm • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancient_Egypt • http://www.ancient-egypt-online.com/ancient-egyptian-gods-anubis.html • http://liology.wordpress.com/2010/01/13/the-rosetta-stone-of-metaphysics-the-li/

    25. Bibliography 2 • http://www.womenintheancientworld.com/economy.htm. • http://home.earthlink.net/~marond/economy_pink.html. • http://nefertiti.iwebland.com/economy/ • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancient_Egypt • http://www.ancientegypt.co.uk/life/home.html • http://www.ancientegypt.co.uk/time/home.html • http://www.allaboutwheat.info/history.html

    26. Thank You • Thank you for your time … we hope you learnt more about ANCIENT EGYPT!!