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Literary Terms. Reading. Character. PROTAGONIST – The main character in the story; our interest centers on this character. ANTAGONIST – The character working in opposition to the main character. Plot Mountain. Climax. Falling Action. Rising Action. Resolution. Conflict.
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Literary Terms Reading
PROTAGONIST – The main character in the story; our interest centers on this character ANTAGONIST – The character working in opposition to the main character
Plot Mountain Climax Falling Action Rising Action Resolution Conflict Exposition
EXPOSITION Exposition – introductory information about characters, places, and/or events Excerpt from Olive’s Ocean Olive Barstow was dead. She’d been hit by a car on Monroe Street while riding her bicycle. Weeks ago. That was about all Martha knew.
CLIMAX The turning point in a story
Conflict Conflict – a struggle between opposing forces (characters, environment, self); this is also referred to as the narrative hook.
Internal Conflict Internal conflict – struggle within a character’s mind.
EXTERNAL CONFLICT External conflict – struggle between two characters or a character and his environment.
RESOLUTION FOLLOWS THE CLIMAX OF THE STORY, MOST CONFLICTS ARE RESOLVED
REVERSAL WHEN THE STORY CHANGES FROM GOOD TO BAD OR FROM BAD TO GOOD Annie
SETTING TIME AND PLACE OF A STORY “The bees came the summer of 1964, the summer I turned fourteen and my life went spinning off into a whole new orbit, and I mean whole new orbit. Looking back on it now, I want to say the bees were sent to me. I want to say they showed up like the angle Gabriel appearing to the Virgin Mary, setting events in motion I could never have guessed. I know it is presumptuous to compare my small life to hers, but I have reason to believe she wouldn't mind; I will get to that. Right now it's enough to say that despite everything that happened that summer, I remain tender toward the bees. “ Every WhoDown in Who-villeLiked Christmas a lot...But the Grinch,Who lived just North of Who-ville,Did NOT!
SYMBOL An object or action in a literary work that means more than itself, that stands for something beyond itself.
SYMBOL Skeleton Snake Butterfly Black Cat Rain Fire Sunshine Wilderness Red White
METAPHOR “…a figure of speech that makes a direct comparison between two unlike things. A metaphor suggests that one thing is another thing, or is equal to another thing.” Her home was a prison. All the world's a stage,And all the men and women merely playersThey have their exits and their entrances
SIMILE The comparison of two unlike things using like or as.
THEME • Central message in a work of literature • Not just a topic, but what the author wants you to take away from the work (not always, but often a lesson). • Romeo & Juliet—Shallow, Superficial Love Based on AppearanceORHate Breeds Hate and/or Misery. • Despicable Me—The Love of A Family Can Overcome Pain & Hurt
Faith versus doubt • Family – blessing or curse • Fate and free will • Fear of failure • Good versus bad • Greed as downfall • Growing up – pain or pleasure • Identity crisis • Illusion of power • Immortality • Individual versus society • Names – power and significance • Nationalism – complications • Nature as beauty • Necessity of work • Oppression of women • Optimism – power or folly • Overcoming – fear, weakness, vice • Patriotism – positive side or complications • Power of words • Pride and downfall • Progress – real or illusion • Quest for discovery • Quest for power THEME: the central and dominating idea in a literary work. • Rebirth • Reunion • Role of men • Role of Religion – virtue or hypocrisy • Role of women • Self – inner and outer • Self-awareness • Self-reliance • Social mobility • Technology in society – good or bad • Temporary nature of physical beauty • Vanity as downfall • Vulnerability of the meek • Vulnerability of the strong • War – glory, necessity, pain, tragedy • Will to survive • Wisdom of experience • Working class struggles • Youth and beauty
Figurative Language There's a ball at the castle And I've been invited And I need to practice my dancing Oh, please, Daddy, please?"So I will dance with CinderellaWhile she is here in my arms'Cause I know something the prince never knewOh, I will dance with CinderellaI don't want to miss even one song'Cause all too soon the clock will strike midnightAnd she'll be gone... Language that has abstract meanings and usually includes figures of speech; NOT LITERAL!
1st person • I did. I think. I feel. I will…. • “My name is Robert Neville. I am a survivor living in New York City. I am broadcasting on all AM frequencies. I will be at the South Street Seaport everyday at mid-day, when the sun is highest in the sky. If you are out there... if anyone is out there... I can provide food, I can provide shelter, I can provide security. If there's anybody out there... anybody... please. You are not alone.”
THIRD PERSON LIMITED The doorbell rang for the third time before Robert could get there. He turned the knob and felt his breath catch in his throat. Helen looked radiant with the sun behind her, setting her red hair on fire. "What are you doing here? I thought you---" She looked contrite, but he couldn't understand why. Her fingernails tapped on her faded blue jeans."I wanted to see you." The words were soft and sounded nearly embarrassed, but he didn't care why. She was here and oh, how he had missed her.
THIRD PERSON OMNISCIENT In Class Example
Step One: Select a Setting, Animal, Emotion, and Object Step Two: Plan out your story on the Plot Mountain Organizer Step Three: Include One symbol within your story Step Four: Consider what Point-of-view you will write your story from Step Five: Write your story (three-four paragraphs long)