Plants, Plants, and MORE Plants!!!. By Adam Priebe. Plant Cells. Plant Cell Parts Vocabulary Nucleus- controls the functions in cell Nucleolus - Makes the ribosomes Cilia - hair-like structures that help the cell move (goes all around cell and is ONLY in animal cells) Plant Cell Diagram
By Adam Priebe
Nucleus- controls the functions in cell
Nucleolus- Makes the ribosomes
Cilia- hair-like structures that help the cell move (goes all around cell and is ONLY in animal cells)
Plant Cell Diagram
Mitochondria- Fuel the cell and give it energy
Ribosomes- Make the proteins
Lysosomes- hold enzymes (ONLY in animal cells)
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum (SER) - Stores ions
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum- Packages proteins / lipids
Cell Membrane- Supports the cell; keeps it in one piece, made of phospholipid bilayer
Cell Wall- Located ONLY in plant cells, this gives them additional support and helps them keep their shape. Like the cell membrane, it goes around the whole cell right outside it.
Both in plant cells
Cytoplasm- Jelly-like substance filling the parts of the cell that are not organelles
Phloem and Xylem...but what exactly is phloem, and what the heck is xylem? Before we can learn what phloem and xylem are, we must first understand the different types of roots. There are two main types: monocotyledon (monocot) and dicotyledon (dicot). Monocots generally have the major veins (the tubes that carry water and nutrients trough them) parallel to each other, running in a straight line. They also are more likely to have fibrous roots, the roots that will branch off of each other with no apparent main root, than tap roots, where the other roots branch off from a main one. Another difference is that monocots have only one cotyledon (seed leaf), while dicots have two cotyledons. Now, back to phloem and xylem. Phloem is the tissue in the plant that sends nutrients and water from the leaves downward. Xylem sends the nutrients from the roots upward.
main types of roots:
*Photosynthesis = How plants get energy from the sun, CO2, and Light Energy.
How it works:
1) Light energy, water, and carbon dioxide (CO2) enter the plant.
2) The plant’s chloroplasts undergo photosynthesis and turn the things from step one into oxygen and glucose (the plant’s food)
3) We breathe in the oxygen that the plant outputs. This is absorbed into the plant, and the cycle happens over and over again.
Of course, after the plant has gone through all this, it still does not have the right kind of energy. Now the plant has to go through a process called cellular respiration ot make that glucose into energy it can use, basically by breaking it down.
First, the glucose is broken down, releasing energy that the plant can use.
Second, the rest of the glucose is broken down into individual carbon atoms that are then bound to oxygen atoms, creating CO2, or carbon dioxide.
The energy is then transported throughout the cell.
Also called phytomorphology
There are two main systems in plants:
Can you identify the two different systems in the diagram at right?