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Course Title: Facets of Language Credits: 2:2. Chapter 1 Properties of Language. Self – Introduction. 何玲 15977324085 helinghely@126.com. Teaching Planning. 17weeks 11 chapters Focus on chapter1—chapter4 Less Focus on chapter5— chapter 11. Learning Objectives:.

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    1. Course Title: Facets of Language Credits:2:2

    2. Chapter 1 Properties of Language

    3. Self – Introduction • 何玲 • 15977324085 • helinghely@126.com

    4. Teaching Planning 17weeks 11 chapters Focus on chapter1—chapter4 Less Focus on chapter5— chapter 11

    5. Learning Objectives: • Broaden the knowledge about language; • Prepare for future academic research.

    6. Teaching Methods • understand the key concepts; • Discuss some questions; • Some exercises help you understand the concepts;

    7. Evaluation Come from the exercises. Comments about some information.

    8. Requirements Preparing for the class. Reading after the class. Don’t be late for the class.

    9. If you learn carefully in the classes and review after classes, you can pass the examination .

    10. Facets of Language

    11. Chapter 1 Properties of Language

    12. Chapter 1 Properties of Language • 1. Instruction—Nature or Nurture • Nature • Nurture

    13. Nature • human nature • good nature • ill nature • second nature • animal nature • moral nature • rational nature

    14. Nurture • She was not receiving warm nurturing care.

    15. Question Discussing • Language -Nature or Nurture? • Intelligence-Nature or Nurture?

    16. Chapter 1 Properties of Language • What is the main idea of Para 1?

    17. Great philosophers (para 3) • Socrates • Plato • Aristotle

    18. Plato (Plato’s dialogs, Cratylus) • 王晓朝

    19. Origin of Language (para4) Do you know how many Languages there are today? Do you know how many dialects there are today?

    20. innumerable • 英音:[i'nju:mərəbl] • 美音:[ɪ'njumərəb!] • 1.无数的;数不清的 • innumerable troubles

    21. Have you ever heard of the story about Origin of Language ?

    22. Origin of language • Babel

    23. Origin of Language • 1. The “bow-wow” theory • In primitive times people imitated the sounds of the animal calls in the wild environment they lived and speech developed from that.

    24. 2. The “pooh-pooh” theory • In the hard life of our primitive ancestors, they utter instinctive sounds of pain, anger and joy.

    25. 3. The “yo-he-ho” theory • As primitive people worked together, they produced some rhythmic grunts which gradually developed into chants and then into language.

    26. Great philosophers (para5) • Burrhus Frederic Skinner • 伯尔赫斯·弗雷德里克·斯金纳 Noam Chomsky乔姆斯基 MIT • Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    27. 2. The Nature of Language • What’s language? • “Language is a system of arbitrary vocal symbols used for human communication.” • --Ronald Wardhaugh: Introduction to Linguistics (1977)

    28. Design Features of Language • Creativity • Arbitrariness • Duality • Displacement Structure-dependence

    29. Creativity • 英音:[,kri:ei'tiviti]美音:[,krie'tɪvətɪ] • 1.创造性

    30. Arbitrariness :['ɑ:bi,trərinis] • 名词 n. • 1.武断;任意;专断

    31. duality英音:[dju:'æliti] • 名词 n. • 1.双重性;二元性

    32. displacement英音:[dis'pleismənt] • 名词 n. • 1.移位;置换;取代

    33. 2.1 Creativity • We can use language to produce new idea and to understand sentences never heard before.

    34. 2.1 Creativity • 一天,一个不明飞行物从桂林上空飞过。10秒钟后,有人在荔浦县城看到三个小矮人。他们左手握着冲锋枪,右手拿着大哥大,头戴红军帽,口里唱着《刘三姐》主题歌。

    35. Creativit • I have a book • Establish • SARS

    36. 3.1 Arbitrariness • The dog barks bow wow in English but “汪汪汪” in Chinese.

    37. 3.1 Arbitrariness • The dog barks bow wow in English but “汪汪汪” in Chinese.

    38. Onomatopoeia • 英音:[,ɔnəmætə'pi:ə] • 美音:[,ɑnə,mætə'piə] • 名词 n. • 1.【语】拟声;象声词 • 2.【修辞】拟声法

    39. Homework • Find out some further information about Socrates, Plato and Aristotle.

    40. 3.2 Duality • Primary units ‘words’ (meaningful) consist of secondary units ‘sounds’ (meaningless). • We are learning a foreign language. • W O R D (meaningless) • Word (distinct and identifiable meaning)

    41. 3.4 Displacement • Human languages enable their users to symbolize objects, events and concepts which are not present (in time and space) at the moment of communication.

    42. Displacement • Thus, we can refer to Confucius, or the North Pole, even though the first has been dead for over 2550 years and the second is situated far away from us.

    43. What is the design features of human language? • Arbitrariness • Duality • Creativity • Displacement

    44. Questions: • What theories are mentioned about the origin of language?

    45. 5. Functions of language • According to your idea, what is the function of language? What kinds of functions of language mentioned in this book?

    46. 5.1 Informative function • Language is the instrument of thought and people often feel need to speak their thoughts aloud. The use of language to record the facts is a prerequisite of social development. This is indeed a crucial function of language.

    47. 5.2 Interpersonal function • In the framework of functional grammar, it is concerned with interaction between the addresser and addressee in the discourse situation and the addresser's attitude toward what he speaks or writes about.