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Chapter 3 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Chapter 3
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  1. Chapter 3 The English Colonies in America

  2. What is a colony? • a settlement begun by people from a distant country

  3. Reasons Europeans wanted colonies • wealth & power • natural resources • market for goods made in home country • place to send unwanted people

  4. Reasons people wanted to leave Europe • religious freedom • better life • new opportunities

  5. Who were forced to go? • slaves from Africa • criminals • indentured servants

  6. New England Colonies • MA, RI, CT, NH • English settlers • came for religious freedom • economy: small farms, lumbering, fishing, shipbuilding, trade • farming difficult

  7. Middle Colonies • NY, PA, NJ, DE • economy: farming, lumbering, shipbuilding • came from many countries • came for many reasons

  8. Southern Colonies • MD, VA, NC, SC, GA • good soil & climate • grew cash crops • rich had plantations • used indentured servants and slaves

  9. Cash Crops

  10. Colonial Government • King gave colony a charter • most colonies had an elected assembly to make laws • most had a governor • some had councils • MA had town meetings • limited voting rights