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The History of Sport. Journal #1. Big Idea: What makes sport a sport? Are synchronized swimming, rhythmic g ymnastics and trampoline a sport? Why or why not? One paragraph argument, and support with detail. The History of Sport. What is Physical Activity ? Increase _________

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journal 1
Journal #1
  • Big Idea: What makes sport a sport?
  • Are synchronized swimming, rhythmic gymnastics and trampoline a sport?
    • Why or why not?

One paragraph argument, and support with detail

the history of sport1
The History of Sport

What is Physical Activity?

  • Increase _________
  • Increase _________
  • Increase body ______
  • ______ and _______ activity elevated
  • Moving _____around ________
  • _________ exerted

What is Sport?

Physical activity to _________ an individual or group _______.

  • a ____________ component
  • Organized ______
  • ___________
  • ________
  • Points / ______
  • team
how did it all begin
How did it all Begin?

Hunting and Gathering

  • To _____ for ________, basic human need
  • This became _________ – FIRST SPORT!

Religion tied into sport

  • _______ for good weather, celebrated good crops....celebrated with ______
  • In later years _______ continued the link of ______ and _______. The ancient _______ ________ were linked to religious beliefs honouring _____ and Gods
how did it all begin cont d
How did it all begin..cont’d

Greeks- originate Combative Sport

  • These games _______ that you endure _____ and don’t show that you are hurt.
  • “_______” is Greek for sport: means our agony

ie. _______ for the hand of a woman

Battled for ________ of others

the olympic games
The Olympic Games
  • _______ were the first to hold recorded events (early Olympics ________ held every __ years).
  • Winners of events were given gifts, _______, seemed to have a ____ from gods of ________
  • Olympic ______ – As people travelled to the games they were under an “_______ _______”.
the romans
The Romans
  • The _________ linked physical activity to a sound _______ and ____
  • ________ integrated into the Roman Empire and Romans continued with Olympic Tradition and included more _________ and _______ sporting events (Boxing main introduction) 1800B.C.
  • ________ evolved from ______. Fight to the ______, and the audience ________ fate of the winner. MOVIE : GLADIATOR
the americas
The AMERICAS

____: Native Americans – northern Mexico

  • ________ : this was the fore runner to modern ________(get a ball through a hoop at the end of the court, without using hands)
  • Winners awarded _______ and ________ from spectators. Losers were ________ and offered to the Aztec gods.
the americas cont d
The Americas cont’d

Native Canadians

  • Like _______, many athletic games were part of ___________ ceremonies.
  • _______ fitness was seen to help participants gain ________ fitness and was important to a young warrior
  • _____ and _____ Game – stop a rolling hoop with a pole ( hand –eye coordination, quickness and spear throwing ability
  • _________ (Lacrosse) –much more _____ than modern game. Was used as _______ for warriors
the europeans cont d
The Europeans cont’d..

The Renaissance Period (____- ____)

  • A _____ in _______ _______ (seen as an important part of ___ and ________)
  • The __________ Man : a person who is equally good at and interested in multiple things (poetry, science, athletics)
  • The renaissance period lead to childhood PE activities (1420) seen as good for ____ and _____
the europeans 500 a d
The Europeans (500 A.D.)
  • As the _______ Empire declined any real ______ events were left to the _____.
  • Horse back riding, ____ fighting, jousting, ____ were pursuits performed by those who had ____ time.....nobleman aiming for knighthood.

Movie : A Knight’s Tale

the europeans cont d1
The Europeans cont’d

SCOTLAND:

Introduced ___ in 1457

______ in 1541

the victorian era 1800 s
The Victorian Era (1800’s)
  • Social classes started to merge and the new “middle” class were interested in sport (blurred the line between the rich and the poor)
  • Sports clubs were developed to meet the needs of little space for a growing interest (funded by spectators)
  • Victorian Ideal of the gentleman athlete and amateur

- believed that fair play and participation

in sporting events more important then

winning

- amateur sport developed to avoid playing in

“mixed” company. Excluded the lower class from

participating.

the victorian era cont d
The Victorian Era cont’d
  • Believed that sports created “manly” characteristics and camaraderie amongst men
  • It was believed that physical activity/sport for women was harmful on their “delicate” bodies and would have a negative impact on child barring abilities
  • Physical education and sport seen as an important part of a young man’s education (“sport builds character”) and thus the British public (private) schools implemented many sports. Rugby, soccer, cricket etc.
20 th century canadian achievements
20th Century Canadian Achievements
  • The modern Olympic games developed in _ _ _ _ in _ _ _ _ _ _ by P_ _ _ _ _ D_

C_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ after founding the I _ _ in

1894.

  • The games were for Gentlemen only (men who earned a living doing physical work were excluded) and no women.
  • Spectators began watching sports outside of the Olympics. Teams wanted to have best teams in order to keep fan base therefore began to pay players so they could give up day jobs to play the sport
cont d
Cont’d
  • Professional sport leagues began to develop with rules (NFL, NHL, CFL, NBA) and there were a lot of Canadian teams involved (1917 first NHL season 5 teams, Montreal Canadiens, Montreal Wanderers, Ottawa Senators, Quebec Bulldogs, Toronto Arenas)
  • TV brought all people together to watch sport from around the world.
significant canadian events
Significant Canadian Events
  • 1972, Canadian way of life (capitalist) demonstrated superiority over the Russian (communist) way of life.............. This was called the?
  • First Canada Games held in 1967 in this province?
significant canadians
SIGNIFICANT CANADIANS
  • Using the handout provided, identify the achievements and significance these Canadians had on sport in Canada.
  • Who are these Canadians?

________

_____________

_____________

____________