The Age of Jackson (1829-1841). By J.A. SACCO. The Election of 1824. J.Q. Adams-MA. W. Crawford- GA. A. Jackson- TN. H. Clay- KY. Internal improvements. Jeffersonian principles/states rights. “war hero of New Orleans”. “American System”.
The Age of Jackson (1829-1841) By J.A. SACCO
The Election of 1824 J.Q. Adams-MA W. Crawford- GA A. Jackson- TN H. Clay- KY Internal improvements Jeffersonian principles/states rights “war hero of New Orleans” “American System”
Election of 1824 Why was the election of 1824 a unique election? Give reasons.
Election of 1824 • Since no clear winner, how is the President determined? • Who won the Election of 1824? Explain why?
“The Corrupt Bargain” • Clay gives his support to Adams, in return Clay become Sec. of State- (Why important?) • Would lead to second political party system! Dem-Rep. become Democratic Nat-Rep. become Whigs
The Adams Administration (1825-1829) Why was the Adams Administration a disaster from the start? • Little support after circumstances of election/sectional differences • Jackson supporters blocked legislation in Congress • Did not reward his supporters with government positions, left older workers at their posts • Very honest/went by the book • Proved to be a poor politician during a time when politics were changing
“The Era of Hard Feelings” • Supported a broad nationalistic program • Internal improvements on a national scale • Promotion of arts/sciences with federal funding • Est. a national university system • How did the South respond to these proposals? • Participated with Latin America to establish an inter-American peace and prosperity • Protection of Indian rights by using the power of the federal government. • How did the West respond to his Indian policy? Not much accomplished, South/West block many proposals.
Election of 1828 • Jackson began to prepare for election after his defeat in 1824. Considered the first true campaign- slogans, songs, and mudslinging.
Election of 1828 Andrew Jackson (Dem-Rep/Dem) John Q. Adams (Nat.-Rep/Whigs) Strong national gov’t, for tariff and the bank- Similar to early Federalist Party Oppose tariffs, for states rights, re-ignite ideas of Jefferson, “represented the “common man”
Election of 1828 Geographically, where did the candidates gain support? Significance?
The Age of Jackson • Why did Jackson win the Election of 1828? • Built a strong national/local party organization • A national hero- “Old Hickory” • Pictured as champion of “common man”- Adams the enemy • Received votes from “common folk” (city workers, frontiersman, small farmers), as well as small businessmen, Southern planters (Jackson was a slaveholder) • Made possible by thousands now able to vote after property qualification dropped in the 1820’s
“The Revolution of 1828” Why was the Election of 1828 called the “Revolution of 1828”? • More democratic approach to government- introduced “spoils system” and “rotation in office” • First president born of immigrant parents/born into poverty • First president from a western state- victory for “common man” • Political shift from East to new states of the West • President a representative of all the people- directly responsible to the people • Democracy should represent the will of all of the people- saw himself as its “champion”
Political Advances During the Age of Jackson Rise of the “common man”- spearheaded by small business and workers- gained more political power • Increases in number of people that voted- 1830-1850-voters tripled /property and religious qualifications removed by end of 1820’s • Increase in the #of elected officials voted in by the people- West leads the way (direct election of governor) • Change in nominating the President from a caucus to a nominating convention • Popular election of the members of the electoral college
Political Advances During the Age of Jackson • New Western states had more liberal constitutions- more frequent elections • Labor unions gave workers a greater voice in elections as they voted as a block • Humanitarian reform • Ended federal funding for churches • Emergence of West as a region of democracy- replaced the elitist New England