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The Age of Jackson (1829-1841). By J.A. SACCO. The Election of 1824. J.Q. Adams-MA. W. Crawford- GA. A. Jackson- TN. H. Clay- KY. Internal improvements. Jeffersonian principles/states rights. “war hero of New Orleans”. “American System”.

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The Age of Jackson (1829-1841)

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    1. The Age of Jackson (1829-1841) By J.A. SACCO

    2. The Election of 1824 J.Q. Adams-MA W. Crawford- GA A. Jackson- TN H. Clay- KY Internal improvements Jeffersonian principles/states rights “war hero of New Orleans” “American System”

    3. Election of 1824 Why was the election of 1824 a unique election? Give reasons.

    4. Election of 1824 • Since no clear winner, how is the President determined? • Who won the Election of 1824? Explain why?

    5. “The Corrupt Bargain” • Clay gives his support to Adams, in return Clay become Sec. of State- (Why important?) • Would lead to second political party system! Dem-Rep. become Democratic Nat-Rep. become Whigs

    6. The Adams Administration (1825-1829) Why was the Adams Administration a disaster from the start? • Little support after circumstances of election/sectional differences • Jackson supporters blocked legislation in Congress • Did not reward his supporters with government positions, left older workers at their posts • Very honest/went by the book • Proved to be a poor politician during a time when politics were changing

    7. “The Era of Hard Feelings” • Supported a broad nationalistic program • Internal improvements on a national scale • Promotion of arts/sciences with federal funding • Est. a national university system • How did the South respond to these proposals? • Participated with Latin America to establish an inter-American peace and prosperity • Protection of Indian rights by using the power of the federal government. • How did the West respond to his Indian policy? Not much accomplished, South/West block many proposals.

    8. Election of 1828 • Jackson began to prepare for election after his defeat in 1824. Considered the first true campaign- slogans, songs, and mudslinging.

    9. Election of 1828 Andrew Jackson (Dem-Rep/Dem) John Q. Adams (Nat.-Rep/Whigs) Strong national gov’t, for tariff and the bank- Similar to early Federalist Party Oppose tariffs, for states rights, re-ignite ideas of Jefferson, “represented the “common man”

    10. Election of 1828 Geographically, where did the candidates gain support? Significance?

    11. The Age of Jackson • Why did Jackson win the Election of 1828? • Built a strong national/local party organization • A national hero- “Old Hickory” • Pictured as champion of “common man”- Adams the enemy • Received votes from “common folk” (city workers, frontiersman, small farmers), as well as small businessmen, Southern planters (Jackson was a slaveholder) • Made possible by thousands now able to vote after property qualification dropped in the 1820’s

    12. “The Revolution of 1828” Why was the Election of 1828 called the “Revolution of 1828”? • More democratic approach to government- introduced “spoils system” and “rotation in office” • First president born of immigrant parents/born into poverty • First president from a western state- victory for “common man” • Political shift from East to new states of the West • President a representative of all the people- directly responsible to the people • Democracy should represent the will of all of the people- saw himself as its “champion”

    13. Political Advances During the Age of Jackson Rise of the “common man”- spearheaded by small business and workers- gained more political power • Increases in number of people that voted- 1830-1850-voters tripled /property and religious qualifications removed by end of 1820’s • Increase in the #of elected officials voted in by the people- West leads the way (direct election of governor) • Change in nominating the President from a caucus to a nominating convention • Popular election of the members of the electoral college

    14. Political Advances During the Age of Jackson • New Western states had more liberal constitutions- more frequent elections • Labor unions gave workers a greater voice in elections as they voted as a block • Humanitarian reform • Ended federal funding for churches • Emergence of West as a region of democracy- replaced the elitist New England