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CUIN 6371 Models of Teaching. Fall, 2003 Howard L. Jones Day 6 Synectics. Information Processing. Inductive - Jerome Bruner/ Hilda Taba Deductive - David Ausubel Inquiry - J. J. Schwab/J. Richard Suchman Jean Piaget/ L. Kohlberg Memory - R. Atkinson/J. Levin/J. Lucas

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cuin 6371 models of teaching

CUIN 6371Models of Teaching

Fall, 2003

Howard L. Jones

Day 6

Synectics

information processing
Information Processing
  • Inductive - Jerome Bruner/

Hilda Taba

  • Deductive - David Ausubel
  • Inquiry - J. J. Schwab/J. Richard Suchman

Jean Piaget/ L. Kohlberg

  • Memory - R. Atkinson/J. Levin/J. Lucas
  • Creativity - W. J. J. Gordon
slide4
Synectics– diverse elements together

Learning through making connections

slide5
“A writer lives in awe of words for they can be cruel or kind, and they can change their meanings right in front of you. They pick up flavors and odors like butter in a refrigerator.”

John Steinbeck (1902-1968)

gordon s assumptions
Gordon’s Assumptions
  • Creativity is important in everyday activities
  • The process of creativity is not mysterious
  • Creative invention is the same in all fields
  • Creative thinking, as wells as individual and group invention are very similar
our role as teachers
Our Role as Teachers…

Bringing the creative process to consciousness…

Recalling that the emotional component of creativity is often more important that the intellectual, the irrational more important than the rational

finally
Finally….
  • Assisting students in analyzing certain irrational and emotional processes and, in doing so, increasing creative expression.
blocks to creativity
Blocks to Creativity…
  • One right answer
  • That’s not logical
  • Follow the rules
  • Be practical
  • Avoid ambiguity
  • Play is frivolous
  • Don’t be foolish
  • I’m not creative

Roger van Oech –

“A Whack on the Side of the Head”

synectics moves
Synectics Moves

Pick a topic, any topic

Making the Strange Familiar

Making the Familiar Strange

synectics moves stretching exercises
Synectics MovesStretching Exercises…
  • How is a shower bath like a rainy day?
  • How is a prison like a rainy day?
  • How is a laugh like a rainy day?
  • How is a school like a salad?
  • How is a computer keyboard like Jello?
  • How are parents like frozen yogurt?
  • If the ocean were a sea of teachers, what would the foam be?
more stretching exercises
More Stretching Exercises….
  • Which smells better, a rotting rose or a sweet skunk?
  • Is an onion louder than a lie? How come?
  • Which is more likely, a screaming mouse or a quiet drum?
  • Which gains more speed, a falling body or a rumor?
  • Who is more sour, a Tory in Boston in 1776 or a lemon?
synectics moves1
Synectics Moves
  • Stretching Exercises
  • Direct Analogy
  • How is a bear like a cat?
  • How is a principal like a dragon?
  • How is a whisper like a kitten’s fur?
  • How is a Priest like a doormat?
  • How are parentheses like a fence?
direct analogy
Direct Analogy
  • How is a volcano like a cut?
  • What animal makes you think of George Washington in his predicament at Valley Forge
  • What things around him could have given ancient man his first notion of the wheel?
  • What animal might the Eskimos have learned how to hunt seals?
  • What in nature might have led to the invention of the zipper?
  • How could a caveman have invented the concept of clothes from looking at a bear?
direct analogy1
Direct Analogy
  • Which is worse, America in 1812 with no tax base or a tree with no nutrients in its soil?

In 1812, all American ships were held in their home ports under an embargo. So such economic damage was caused that finally American ships were allowed to trade with anyone BUT France and England.

  • How is a fox that is chased into its den like an embargo?
  • How is enforcing an embargo like Boyle’s Law?
direct analogy2
Direct Analogy

A magnet is made of tiny magnets, all lined up so that their north poles face in one direction and the south poles face in the other.

  • How is a well-disciplined marching regiment like a magnet?
  • What would the soldiers of the parading regiment do if a bomb fell in their midst?
  • If a magnet acts like the soldiers. What do you think would happen if you strike a magnet with a hammer?
synectics moves2
Synectics Moves
  • Stretching Exercises
  • Direct Analogy
  • Personal Analogies/Metaphors
personal metaphor
Personal Metaphor

You are a weed growing in the middle of a neighbor’s yard…how do you feel? What’s it like living there, especially knowing that you came from another yard? How do you feel when he discovers you? How does the lawn mower feel? How about the herbicide?

synectics moves3
Synectics Moves
  • Stretching Exercises
  • Direct Analogy
  • Personal Analogies/Metaphors
  • Compressed Conflicts

“words that fight each other,” Oxymorons

compressed conflicts aka oxymorons
Compressed Conflicts …aka Oxymorons

Know anyone who is an “exquisite irritant”?

How is an embargo like “vulnerable protection?”

How is Hemmingway’s life and writing exemplary of a “controlled adventure?”

Can any part of football be equated with “dance-like violence?”

slide21

Mnemonics

N S

N S

Synectics

N S

s N

slide22

How Synectics Works

The Original The Topic

Topic Revisited

We Explore Elsewhere

synectics moves4
Synectics Moves
  • Stretching Exercises
  • Direct Analogy
  • Personal Analogies/Metaphors
  • Compressed Conflicts

“words that fight each other,” Oxymorons

  • Revisit the Original Topic
synectics moves5
Synectics Moves
  • Stretching Exercises
  • Direct Analogy
  • Personal Analogies/Metaphors
  • Compressed Conflicts

“words that fight each other,” Oxymorons

  • Revisit the Original Topic
synectics moves6
Synectics Moves

Pick a topic, any topic

Making the Strange Familiar

Making the Familiar Strange

effects of the synectics model
Nurturant

Achievement in Subject Domain

Group Cohesion and Productivity

Instructional

General Creative Capacity

Creative Capacity in Subject Domain

Effects of the Synectics Model
j dominic crossan 1975 the dark interval toward a theology of story
J. Dominic Crossan (1975)The Dark Interval: Toward a Theology of Story

Types of

Story

Relation-

Ship to

World

Estab- Defends Inves- Attacks Subverts

lishes world tigates world world

world world

Examples

“We live in story like fish in a sea…”

Dominic Crossan

j dominic crossan 1975 the dark interval toward a theology of story1
J. Dominic Crossan (1975)The Dark Interval: Toward a Theology of Story

Types of

Story

MYTH

Relation-

Ship to

World

Estab- Defends Inves- Attacks Subverts

lishes world tigates world world

world world

Examples

You have built a lovely home!

j dominic crossan 1975 the dark interval toward a theology of story2
J. Dominic Crossan (1975)The Dark Interval: Toward a Theology of Story

Types of

Story

Apologue

MYTH

Relation-

Ship to

World

Estab- Defends Inves- Attacks Subverts

lishes world tigates world world

world world

Examples

The home was built according to the

most reasonable plans

j dominic crossan 1975 the dark interval toward a theology of story3
J. Dominic Crossan (1975)The Dark Interval: Toward a Theology of Story

Types of

Story

Apologue

MYTH

Action

Relation-

Ship to

World

Estab- Defends Inves- Attacks Subverts

lishes world tigates world world

world world

Examples

Within the home are people who

have many adventures.

j dominic crossan 1975 the dark interval toward a theology of story4
J. Dominic Crossan (1975)The Dark Interval: Toward a Theology of Story

Types of

Story

Satire

Apologue

MYTH

Action

Relation-

Ship to

World

Estab- Defends Inves- Attacks Subverts

lishes world tigates world world

world world

Examples

However, the behaviors of the home are

a bit weird and unusual.

j dominic crossan 1975 the dark interval toward a theology of story5
J. Dominic Crossan (1975)The Dark Interval: Toward a Theology of Story

Types of

Story

Satire

Parable

Apologue

MYTH

Action

Relation-

Ship to

World

Estab- Defends Inves- Attacks Subverts

lishes world tigates world world

world world

Examples

Unfortunately, the home is right

above a major earthquake fault.

slide35

How Synectics Works

The Original The Topic

Topic Revisited

We Explore Elsewhere

slide38
Next …

The Existential Models…