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Interdisciplinary Research Patricia Grady, NINR Ken Olden, NIEHS Larry Tabak, NIDCR High-risk Research Ellie Ehrenfeld, NIAID Stephen Straus, NCCAM Public-Private Partnerships Andy von Eschenbach, NCI Richard Hodes, NIA .

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Interdisciplinary Research

Patricia Grady, NINR

Ken Olden, NIEHS

Larry Tabak, NIDCR

High-risk Research

Ellie Ehrenfeld, NIAID

Stephen Straus, NCCAM

Public-Private Partnerships

Andy von Eschenbach, NCI

Richard Hodes, NIA

RESEARCH TEAMS OF THE FUTUREWorking Groups and Co-Chairs


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Research Teams of the Future:Interdisciplinary Research

Lawrence A. Tabak, D.D.S., Ph.D.


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“Just definitions either prevent or put an end to a dispute”

Nathaniel Emm

Multi- and Interdisciplinary Research


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Multi- and Interdisciplinary Research dispute”

A

A

Work on

Multidisciplinary

common problem

B

B

A

Interaction

Interdisciplinary

C

forges new discipline

B


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More is different dispute”

P.W. Anderson, Science 177, 393-396, 1972


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Multi- and Interdisciplinary Research will be Required to Solve the “Puzzle” of Complex Diseases and Conditions

Genes

Behavior

Diet/Nutrition

Infectious agents

Environment

Society

???


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Challenges to Interdisciplinary Research Solve the “Puzzle” of Complex Diseases and Conditions

  • The current system of academic advancement favors the independent investigator

  • Most institutions house scientists in discrete departments

  • Interdisciplinary science requires interdisciplinary peer-review

  • Project management and oversight is currently performed by discrete ICs

  • Interdisciplinary research teams take time to assemble and require unique resources


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Research Teams of the Future: Solve the “Puzzle” of Complex Diseases and ConditionsCurrent Roadmap RFAs

  • Interdisciplinary Research

    • Meetings and Networks for Methodological Development in Interdisciplinary Research

    • Training for a New Interdisciplinary Research Workforce

    • Supplements for Methodological Innovations in the Behavioral and Social Sciences

    • Interdisciplinary Health Research Training: Behavior, Environment and Biology

    • Short Programs for Interdisciplinary Research Training

    • Curriculum Development Award in Interdisciplinary Research

    • Exploratory Centers (P20) for Interdisciplinary Research

  • Public/Private Partnerships

  • High Risk Research

    • NIH Director's Pioneer Award


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Exploratory Centers (P20) for Interdisciplinary Research Solve the “Puzzle” of Complex Diseases and Conditions

  • Purpose: to plan exploratory centers that overcome barriers to conducting interdisciplinary research

  • How? Applicant organizations must describe their plans to facilitate interdisciplinary research

How the institution will distribute credit for direct (and indirect) costs to reflect the contributions of different components

How the institution will recognize the contributions of the research team beyond the Principal Investigator

How the institution attends to the careers of "interstitial" team members who play important roles in interdisciplinary research, but who are not tenure track or eligible/appropriate to be principal investigators on research grants.


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Supplements for Methodological Innovations in the Behavioral and Social Sciences

  • Purpose: to develop innovative methodology (research design, data collection techniques, measurement, and data analysis techniques) in social and behavioral sciences research.

  • What?

    • New technologies and the analytical complexities associated with the integration of behavioral, social, genetic, and biomedical data

    • Improved methods for performing research on diverse populations or on potentially sensitive or covert behaviors such as drug use, abuse, and violence

    • Innovative experimental designs to study how changes in economic, social, environmental, physical, or political context affect all aspects of ongoing research

    • Development and integration of behavioral and social sciences measures with those of the biomedical disciplines


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Research Teams of the Future: and Social Sciences

Training, Career Development and High Risk Research

Patricia A. Grady, Ph.D., R.N.


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  • Transforming Research Training means: and Social Sciences

    • Linkages among biological, behavioral, social, physical sciences

    • Collaboration between clinicians and scientists

    • Partnerships with industry


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Research Teams of the Future: and Social Sciences’04 RFAs

  • Interdisciplinary Research

  • Meetings and Networks for Methodological Development in Interdisciplinary Research

  • Training for a New Interdisciplinary Research Workforce

  • Supplements for Methodological Innovations in the Behavioral and Social Sciences

  • Interdisciplinary Health Research Training: Behavior, Environment and Biology

  • Short Programs for Interdisciplinary Research Training

  • Curriculum Development Award in Interdisciplinary Research

  • Exploratory Centers (P20) for Interdisciplinary Research

  • High Risk Research

  • NIH Director's Pioneer Award


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Training for Interdisciplinary Research Workforce and Social Sciences

  • Develop and implement novel training programs

  • Build upon existing multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary institutional research programs

  • Prepare individuals to lead or engage in team approaches to solve complex health problems


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Interdisciplinary Health Research Training: Behavior, Environment and Biology

  • Formal coursework and research training in a new interdisciplinary field for those having advanced degree in a different discipline

  • Required to have behavioral or social science discipline

  • Integration of behavioral/social with more traditional biomedical


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Curriculum Development Award in Interdisciplinary Research

  • Support the development of innovative courses and curricula designed to train interdisciplinary scientists

  • Curricula can be designed for undergraduate, pre-doctoral or postdoctoral students, or combinations

  • Focus on programs that encourage the integration of quantitative, physical, behavioral, or social sciences with the traditional biomedical sciences


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Short Programs for ResearchInterdisciplinary Training

  • Fusion of information, research practices and technologies

  • Promote training in “interdisciplines”

  • Students emerge with sufficient understanding of a new discipline that they can meld it with their previous training


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Traditional Research

Roadmap

  • Outstanding individuals

  • High risk/high impact research

  • Novel programs


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NIH Director’s Pioneer Award Research

  • New program to support individuals with untested, potentially groundbreaking ideas!

  • Encourages innovation, risk-taking

  • Totally new application and peer review process

  • Expected to be highly competitive

  • Expanded eligibility – (not only traditional biomedical investigators)

  • Provides $500,000/year for 5 years



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