Unit 3: What is the most important part of a society? Today’s question: what is the purpose of government?
Today’s plan • Thinking + Share brainstorm • Minilecture: Definitions, Types and Responsibilities of Government • Reading + Notes from Textbook • Hypothesis/ Evidence Template • Prep Reminder
Today’s learning objectives: • Know: • Definition of government, monarchy, democracy • 4-6 roles/responsibilities of governments • 3 different kinds of courts in medieval Europe • Do: • Practice doing textbook reading and questions • Practice using the hypothesis/evidence template • Answer questions: what is the role of government? • Answer question: what type of court is most fair? Critical Thinking Activities Writing Skill Activities Content Knowledge Activities
Think + share brainstorm Critical Thinking Activities • On your own, brainstorm 5-6 words that you associate with the word government. • Share these with your partner. What do you have in common? What did only 1 of you have? • Together, make a wordcloud that combines your ideas together. (In a wordcloud, the most repeated or most important words are bigger.) Brainstorm means you write down words, short phrases or partial ideas. Don’t stop to think too much or write long sentences. Short and snappy is best!
Minilecture: definitions Content Knowledge Activities • During this section of the class, you should take notes on your notes page. Notes should be in your own words and neat (so you can read them later). “Govern”: to officially lead or control a group of people. “Government”: the process of controlling and making decisions within a specific area (country, province, kingdom). “Monarchy”: absolute rule; a form of government with a hereditary head of state “Democracy”: a form of government where citizens vote for representatives “Law”: the system of rules made and used by the government to encourage or prevent certain actions.
Minilecture: types of governments Content Knowledge Activities • The key ideas are: • There are many forms/type of government. • The form/type of government can change over time. • The changes to form/type of government are due to changes in power, values, beliefs, relationships, etc Monarchy (Monarchies) Republic (Republics)
Minilecture: role of government Content Knowledge Activities • Looking at the definitions of “govern” and “government”, what kinds of responsibilities would a government have in order to lead/control a group of people? • Health care? • Food? • Shelter? • Basic income? • Law and order? • Taxes? • Zoning? • Rights and freedoms? • Religion? • Equality? • The key ideas are: • People and groups of people have many needs. • Governments usually help their citizens attain certain basic individual needs. • Governments usually help the citizens as a whole. • The types of needs governments fulfill and how they do it vary between governments based on the beliefs of the people in government and the culture of the society.
Reading + notes Content Knowledge Activities • The court system is an important part of the government. • The court system is where people who have broken the law are dealt with. Different court systems have different rules, purposes and approaches to breaking the law. • There is one court system in Canada, with many parts to it. It follows the rules set by current and previous Canadian governments, these rules are in the form of laws. • In Europe in the Middle Ages, there were three different court systems. • Read pages (56-58) in your text book and make a chart that compares the three charts on 3-4 different characteristics. • Who is in charge? • What are the punishments? • What kind of offenses are dealt with here? • etc
Hypothesis + Evidence template Critical Thinking Activities Writing Skill Activities
Today’s learning objectives: • Know: • Definition of government, monarchy, democracy • 4-6 roles/responsibilities of governments • 3 different kinds of courts in medieval Europe • Do: • Practice doing textbook reading and questions • Practice using the hypothesis/evidence template
Prep reminder Critical Thinking Activities Writing Skill Activities • In preparation for next class, please: • Review your notes + add to them (personal thoughts, clarifications, questions, connections) • Complete the hypothesis/evidence template for the question: Which court from the European middle ages was most fair? • Due: • Next class. • Day 2: Thursday October 24 • Day 1: Monday October 28